Keywords : Blunt Injury
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 4092-4096
Introduction: Blunt injury in the abdomen is seen more commonly because of rapid industrialization and increased number of vehicles ultimately leading to more number of accidents. According to the World Health Organisation by the year 2020, trauma will inadvertently become the first or second leading aetiology of death that happens over all ages. Therefore, the present retrospective study was carried out to evaluate the cases of blunt abdominal trauma from the records of forensic autopsies.
Materials and Methodology: A total of 90 autopsy cases were taken and 75 samples were included after scrutinising the records. A complete data was particularly obtained from the department records. There were some inclusion criteria that were followed in this study procedure that include those patients with history of blunt trauma abdomen due to road traffic accidents, accidental falls, and trauma by blunt objects and assault, above 14 years of age and both sexes. Those patients who did not fulfil the above inclusion criteria were relatively excluded from the study. Mechanism of death and pattern of organ involvement was also recorded. All the results were recorded in Microsoft excel sheet and were analysed by SPSS software.
Results: In the present study, a total of 75 patients were analysed. Mean age of the patients of the present study was 29.7 years. Majority of the patients belonged to the age group of less than 30 years. 36 percent of the patients belonged to the age group of 30 to 50 years. Table – 2 tabulates the various organ involvement wherein liver, intestine and spleen were the most predominant organs involved in the blunt abdominal trauma. In the present study, the most common mechanism of death was haemorrhage followed by shock and infection.
Conclusion: To conclude, the most common cause of Blunt Trauma Abdomen was reportedly road traffic accident which has been followed by fall from height and assault.