Keywords : Benign lesions larynx
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 5857-5863
Objective The study was undertaken to identify the benign laryngeal pathologies and their modes of clinical presentation, etiological factors, sites of involvement, demographic profile of the patients, management and prognosis.
Study design This is a four and half year prospective study of 50 patients with benign laryngeal lesions attending an outpatient department from September 2016 to February 2021.
Materials and methods A total of 50 patients with benign laryngeal lesions were included in the study based on symptoms such as change in voice, foreign body sensation, throat pain, cough and positive ﬁndings on clinical examination. The patients were in the age group of 15–60 years. All diagnostic investigations and therapeutic microlarygoscopic procedures were done.
Results Malepreponderance with a male:female ratio of 2.33:1 was seen. Majority of the patients were in the age group of 31–40 years. Vocal cord polyps were observed to be the commonest type of lesions (58%). Vocal Abuse was the most common predisposing factor (40%). Hoarseness was the commonest symptom (100%). In the study group, only 6% patients got complete relief with conservative management , 94% patients required microlaryngeal surgery. There was no recurrence during the follow up period.
Conclusion Organic disorder of larynx is the commonest cause among benign laryngeal disorder. Early diagnosis can lead to effective management and good recovery. Microlaryngeal surgery and voice rest are the treatment of choice and postoperative speech therapy should be provided to prevent recurrences