Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Uzbekistan


Introduction Of Uzbekistan To The Central Economy System And Its Consequences In 1925-40

Buranova Nigora A'zamkulovna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 846-852

The article included the introduction of Uzbekistan into the centralized national economic system in 1925-40 and its consequences. Implementation of land and water reform in Uzbekistan. As a result of this reform, it is planned to be carried out in three stages, depending on the conditions and the level of preparation in the field. Later, the collectivization of agriculture was carried out and the kolkhozes and sovkhozes were reorganized.

ANALYTICAL TOOL FOR RETRIVING GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION FROM OPEN SOURCE DATA IN UZBEKISTAN

Lola Gulyamova; Dilshod Rakhmanov; Abduhokim Abdurahmanov; Otabek Yusupjonov; SHukurullokhon Anvarov

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 524-532

This paper covers issues related to using Open Data for retrieving geospatial information about population in Uzbekistan. The methods are described from the perspective of their relevance to the technical and conceptual development of interactive dynamic maps. Several peculiarities of development of Open Data in this country are analyzed with the purpose of applying geoinformation technologies for capturing geospatial information. Some analytical tools are suggested to bring together Open Data of different official sources by means of Geographical Information Systems. ArcGIS Online and other software are applied for interactive mapping.

Uzbekistan As A "Showcase Of The Soviet East" In Issues Of Foreign Policy And International Relations

NuriddinovErkinZuhriddinovich .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 1011-1023

The article examines the issue of Uzbekistan's place in matters of foreign policy and diplomatic activity in the system of the totalitarian Soviet state. The fact is substantiated that, in spite of the constitutional foundations given to the sovereign republics the right to independently conduct foreign policy activities, in practice they were limited. The reason for this was that an ideologized, command-administrative system of government dominated in the Union State, concentrated in the hands of the central body of the Communist Party.
The situation has changed somewhat since the second half of the 40s of the 20th century. After the end of World War II, in connection with the change in the international situation in the world, some softening was made in relation to the representation of foreign policy on the part of the Union republics. On this basis, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was established in Uzbekistan. However, the activities of this ministry were limited in the rights to conduct an independent foreign policy and participate in international relations. This is what the article proves that Uzbekistan, like other republics of the Union State, was given only the role of unquestioning executors of foreign policy guidelines imposed "from above". And in front of the world community, Uzbekistan was presented by the Union Center as a "showcase of the Soviet East", allegedly involved in full participation in international activities.
But, in spite of all the harshness of the totalitarian regime, the Uzbek people, proceeding from the intellectual, economic, spiritual and moral potential of the republic, made every effort to represent Uzbekistan on the world stage, even on behalf of the USSR. In this regard, the article highlights the role of representatives of the Uzbek people who showed their talent in the diplomatic field on behalf of the Soviet state. Based on the agrarian-industrial, scientific and cultural-spiritual potential, the contribution of Uzbekistan to the development of the export potential of the Union State is revealed.

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES IN UZBEKISTAN

M.F. Alimova; D.U. Qalandarova; L. Alimjonova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 547-554

The paper deals with the actual problems, major directions and development trends of the field of Religious Studies in Uzbekistan. It is clear that the youths have become the main target of different destructive ideas in the period of globalization. The paper focuses on the prevention of these threats and formation of a spiritual immunity against them as well as on the improvement of healthy lifestyle and respect towards national and universal values in souls and minds of the youths in order to prevent a gap to be appeared in their spiritual world. National and religious values have developed for better in Uzbekistan recent years. A special attention has been paid on the deep study and analysis of the religious-educational heritage of ancestors and continuation of their scientific traditions worthily. It was explained that the fact that increase of an interest towards a religion gives a chance to solve the modern complicated issues providing a harmonization of problems in society, thoughts about the solution of them, secular and religious values. Thousands of sects such as Christianity, Buddhism, Islam and other religions were emerged in the second half of the 20th century. The paper emphasizes a possibility to suppose that such kind of processes may be continued in the future. A special attention was paid on the formation of a critical and conscious approach in the youths towards religious news for choosing an objective way in the cyberspace and using the system of the modern information and communication technologies.

Features Of Parthenogenetic And Dioecious Generations Development Of Schistosoma Turkestanicum Skrjabin, 1913– Animals’ Parasite Of Uzbekistan

Bakhromjon Turaevich Norkobilov; Firuza Djalaliddinovna Akramova; Ulugbek Abdulakimovich Shakarbaev; Feruza Ergashevna Safarova; Djalaliddin Azimovich Azimov

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3409-3429

It has been studied some development features of parthenogenetic and dioecious generations of Schistosoma turkestaniсum trematodes – mammal parasite of Uzbekistan. It was identified that in experimental infestation of Lymnaea (=Radix) auricularia mollusks trematodes miracidia at temperature 28-30 0С formation of cercaria occurs within 20-22 days. Formed cercaria leave the mollusk-host organism in 22-25 days. The cercaria life period in water about 72 hours. The cercarias penetrate actively into the organism of final host within short time. It is enough 5-10 minutes of cercaria contact with host body to their implantation throw the animal skin. Schistosoma attains virility and begin to reproduce in the organism of rabbits, sheep and cattle. Maturity periods of males and females are 32-35 days. Essentially, they are localized in veins of mesentary and liver. Mature eggs of parasite is discovered in feces of animals in 45-50 days after infestation, i.e. in 10-15 days after attain virility of parasite. Schistosoma life duration in organisms of definitive hosts is more than 10 years in cattle, 8 years in sheep, 3.5 years in rabbit. Practically, schistosoma may parasite their hosts up to death.
Original data given on the features of morphology and biology of all phases of Sch. Turkestaniсum development and their meanings in taxonomy have been given. Data on a new find of this species in wild animals have been presented as well (hare, saiga, Bukhara deer and gazelles).

Schistosomiasis Of Animals In Uzbekistan

Djalaliddin Azimovich Azimov; Bakhromjon Turaevich Norkobilov; Firuza Djalaliddinovna Akramova; Ulugbek Abdulakimovich Shakarbaev; Adolat Usmoboyevna Mirzayeva; Laylo Abdurakhmanovna Rakhmanova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3401-3408

The work specifies the current distribution of Schistosoma turkestanicum Skrjabin, 1913 causing schistosomiasis in the animals of Uzbekistan. Populations of mature blood flukes were recorded in 14 mammal species. Three of these species – Hare, Goitered Gazelle and Bukhara Red Deer – were for the first time identified as definitive hosts for the blood flukes in question. Persistent foci of schistosomiasis of animals were identified in the Aral Sea area. Recorded prevalence: cattle – 55.5%, sheep – 33.0%, goats – 15.5%, camels – 10.2% and horses – 21.5%.

The Trematods Cercaria Of Mollusk (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) In Uzbekistan Ponds

Ulugbek Abdulakimovich Shakarbaev; Firuza Djalaliddinovna A kramova; Bakhromjon Turaevich Norkobilov; Djalaliddin Azimovich Azimov

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3391-3400

It was studied some peculiarities of trematods cercaria’ fauna producing by gastropoda mollusks - Lymnaeidae Rafinesque, 1815, Plаnorbidae Rafinesque, 1815, Physidae Fitziger, 1833 and Melanoididae Müller, 1774. In ponds of Syrdarya, Amudarya river (within Uzbekistan) and Zarafshan, natural infestation by trematods cercaria has been marked in 15 species of mollusks, Lymnaea (8 species), Planorbis (1 species), Gyraulus (2 species), Anisus (2 species), Physa (1 species), Costatella (1 species) and Melanoides (1 species). Total 27 species of cercaria were found belongs to trematods of 11 families - Fasсiolidae, Echinostomidae, Philophthalmidae, Paramphistomidae, Gastrothylacidae, Notocotylidae, Plagiorchidae, Sanguinicolidae, Strigeidae, Diplostomidae, Schistosomatidae and Bilharziellidae.