Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : innovative technology

Airway Assessment In Patients Undergoing Oral And Maxillofacial Surgical Procedures Under General Anesthesia: An Institutional Study

A. Shamaa Anjum,Dr. Santhosh Kumar M P .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 733-745

Preoperative management of the patient is the liability of a medical attendance. An understanding of risk factors before general anaesthesia [GA] is an important factor for preoperative management.The present study was aimed at assessing the airway of patients undergoing oral surgical procedures under general anaesthesia in our institution.
The study was performed under a university setting where all the data of patients who underwent oral and maxillofacial surgical procedure under general anaesthesia.The collected data was compiled, reviewed , tabulated and entered in SPSS software and statistically analysed.
55% of the patients were males and the rest (45%) were females. Airway assessment in patients according to mallampati classification revealed that 57% were of class I, 38% were of class II , 3% were of class III and less than 1% were class IV. Patients who underwent FMR (40%) and cleft lip/palate (14%) had class I airway. Patients who underwent ORIF and enucleation both had class I (19.5%), class II (3.5%) airways and class I (4%), class II (1%) airways respectively. Patients who underwent orthognathic surgery had class I (11%) and class II (3.5%) airways. Patients undergoing TMJ surgery including ankylosis release, surgery for Oral submucous fibrosis had predominantly class III (1%) and class IV (2.5%) airways. Difficult airways (class III, Class IV) were present in patients undergoing procedures like TMJ ankylosis release, and surgery for oral submucous fibrosis.The association between the mallampati classification and the treatment [oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures] done under GA was statistically significant with p=0.025 (p<0.05) [chi square test].
Assessing airway is crucial before any surgical treatment. The modified Mallampati test is easy to perform, more accurate and is commonly used to assess the airway of patients undergoing oral and maxillofacial procedures under general anesthesia. Complications might not occur if the pre operative assessment of the airway of the patient is done properly using this classification, and the surgery is planned accordingly.


Kaviyaselvi Gurumurthy, Dr. Adimulapu Hima Sandeep

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 7018-7027

Objective: The dental loupes are special devices which aid in magnifying the tooth surface for easy reach and access during dental procedures. Some of the advantages of the use of loupes include enhanced ergonomics of the dentist, development of psychomotor and social skills apart from decrease in the time for each procedure. However loupes also pose certain disadvantages such as smaller and darker field of view.
Materials and Methods: A self assessable survey consisting of 18 questions were prepared and circulated among 100 dental students and the results were analyzed to determine the use and effects of dental loupes.
Results and discussion: On analyzing the results, the majority of the participants felt that the fine details in the oral cavity were enhanced when loupes were used. More awareness on the use of dental loupes, its mechanism and its effect on the different dental practitioners are essential.