Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : democracy


Social Media Versus Political Participation In India: An Analysis Of Rural Punjab

Sandeep Kumar; Dr. Vinod CV; Dr. Pavitar Parkash Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6278-6282

Democracy is considered to be the best form of government all over the world. And elections are the pivotal base of democracy. In the representative democracy every political party try its level best to influence the voters in its favour. So enough amounts of efforts, money, and time are devoted for political campaigning in the elections. So various types of tools and techniques such as door to door interaction, rallies, posters, flyers, TV and radio interviews etc. are used to influence the voters. But with the advancement of technology, internet and social networking sites have overcome these traditional methods of political campaigning. The use of social media in the political campaigning brought a revolutionary change in the electoral system. Over the last decade lots of work has done on the role of social media in political campaigning. Role of social media is very much clear in the developed countries but in developing countries like India where majority of people live in villages with the problems like illiteracy, unawareness about technologies and lack of internet sources, situation is some bit different. So to find the effect of social media on the victory of particular political party in Punjab region of India a survey is conducted on people ( N=50) that includes rural and urban, male and female, young and senior citizen. All the respondents are selected with selected random sampling technique. For the collection of data online Google form is used. This study explore that how social media engagement affect political participation that directly or indirectly affect political efficacy. So there is strong correlation can be seen between social media engagement and political participation as social media tool provide a bidirectional platform for communication.

Reviews Herbert Marcuse's Thoughts On Critical Theory

Nur Khasanah; Fatah Syukur; Abdul Wahib; Achmad Irwan Hamzani; Havis Aravik

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6566-6575

Critical theory was one of the most phenomenal philosophical discussions of the late 19th century. The critical theory was initiated by the Frankfurt School with one of its characters being Herbert Marcuse. Marcuse analyzed various social inequalities due to the industrialization of technology capitalism. This research will review Herbert Marcuse's thoughts on critical theories. This research uses a philosophical short article, which is to study Herbert Marcuse's thinking in an ideal state. Data used in secondary data and analyzed descriptively qualitatively. The results showed that Herbert Marcuse was an inspiration for the 'new left' movement and the first generation of the Frankfurt School. Marcuse's doctrine of the political system and social system was very radical from orthodox communists. Capitalism society was the source of Herbert Marcuse's study, which was regarded as a modern society. Herbert Marcuse criticized the capitalist society that gave rise to a One Dimensional Society that was largely drugged by various false and pseudo interests. Social democracy was also criticized by Marcuse. Ideally, social democracy contains humanitarian values that uphold equality, justice, and freedom.

IDEAL AND REAL CIVIL SOCIETY (On the example of the Republic of Uzbekistan)

Fakhriddin Musaev

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 578-583

As is well known, the formation of a free civil society with the state as its goal, each people is a multifaceted process combining methodological and specific socio-practical features. The article considers its philosophical and methodological aspects. A free civil society, operating as a form of social organization, and its consolidation as a state governed by the rule of law, is methodologically composed of three components. Firstly, there is the humanitarian and legal aspect, which covers the system of basic human rights and freedoms. Secondly, there is the legal aspect, which includes a system of legal acts aimed at the protection of human rights, the implementation of the priorities of the State governed by the rule of law and civil society in general. Thirdly, there is the institutional and legal aspect, which implies a constitutional separation of powers, which requires a balance of power for balanced and harmonious functioning, and imposes on it an obligation not to interfere.
The more people in civil society are equal, the freer, the more equal people will be. Understanding equality as equality of opportunity to meet needs means freedom. Because equality of all opportunities means freedom for every person.

Democracy Among The Millennials (A Phenomenology Study On Democracy Dialectics In The Millennium Age Among University Students In West Java)

Kokom Komariah; Suwandi Sumartias; Ari Agung Prastowo

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1212-1222

Political system in Indonesia is never change eventhough Indonesia has through reformation era. Indonesia has Pancasila as a perspective or ideology that it can be used by politician to creating program. Politic is not only how to got a position, but it is talked about how to make relationship between country and the publics, or between country and other countries. In the digital era, politician has alternative media to share their vision, idea and program with their constituents especially millennials. The millennials are potensial voters and they are using digital media to reach information including political message. This research are using phenomenology approach because this research are exploring perspective millennials about democracy, how millennials understanding the political situation and the millennials experiences in politicial communication and how millennials are giving a definition about politic and democracy. The millennial informants of this study were not fully satisfied with the implementation of democracy. It was evident in the fact that there were many cases of fraud and cheat in general election process and that people’s aspiration had not been fully facilitated in policy making processes. In spite of the practice of democracy that was not fully implemented, there was a benefit of democracy in political landscape, i.e. the freedom of speech, especially through digital media. In selecting media as sources of political information, informants considered several criteria, including the way the media delivered the messages, characteristics, and reputation of the media