Keywords : subcutaneous and visceral fat
A STUDY OF ABDOMINAL SUBCUTANEOUS AND VISCERAL FATUSINGST AND ARDMEA SUREMENTS AND ULTRA SONOGRAPHY IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS AND THEIR CORRELATION WITH MICROVASCULAR COMPLICATIONS
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 7688-7697
Background: India is becoming the “Diabetes Capital of the World”. Body Mass Index and
Waist to Hip ratio are standard anthropometric measurements.Assessing Subcutaneous and
Visceral fat separately, we can get more insight into the pathophysiology of Diabetic
Methodology : 100 diagnosed patients of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus ranging from18-80 years of
age were investigated for subcutaneous fat and sonography guided visceral fat and evaluated
with grades of diabetic microvascular complications.
Data analysis was done using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) Software
Results and Conclusions: In our study,subcutaneous fat was increased in29% of the population,
while Visceral Fat by Sonography assessment was raised in 73% of study subjects. Significant
correlation was seen with Retinopathy and Nephropathy for both Subcutaneous and Visceral
fat, while Neuropathy correlated with raised subcutaneous fat.