Keywords : Abruptio placenta
A clinical study of abruptio placentae and its maternal and perinatal outcome in tertiary care centre
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2023, Volume 10, Issue 4, Pages 278-286
Abruptio placenta is the complete or partial separation of the normally implanted placenta before delivery of the fetus. It is one of the commonest causes of antepartum hemorrhage affecting maternal and fetal outcomes. Early detection and timely intervention of abruptio placenta in daily clinical practice are important to improve maternal and perinatal outcomes. The objective of the study was to find out the prevalence of abruptio placenta among the pregnant women admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in a tertiary care centre.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among the pregnant women admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in a tertiary care centre where data from medical records was taken after taking ethical approval from the Institutional Review Committee. Demographic details of the patients including age and parity were recorded. Convenience sampling was done.
Results: The results of my studies are summarized as follows:Overall incidence of Antepartum hemorrhage is 3.6% with abruptio placenta about 1.2. Hypertension is the most common etiology recognized in all studies.The incidence in our study is 54.8%.
Conclusions: The prevalence of abruptio placenta among pregnancies was similar to the studies done in similar settings