Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Mild


PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS FOR CROWDING IN PATIENTS WITH CLASS III MALOCCLUSION VISITING A PRIVATE DENTAL COLLEGE IN CHENNAI

Ilankizhai RJ; Dr. Ravindra Kumar Jain; Dr. Madhulaxmi M

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 216-223

Numerous studies in the past have been conducted to determine the prevalence of malocclusion in different populations. These show extreme variations and it is only right to determine the prevalence in a referred population. Class III malocclusion even though it is the least common, treatment planning and treatment is quite difficult, thus characteristics of class III malocclusion need to be studied in detail.The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of crowding among patients with class III malocclusion visiting Saveetha dental college and hospitals. A retrospective study was done using case sheets of patients visiting the university hospital from June 2019- February 2020. About 100 case sheets of patients visiting the department of orthodontics containing information on malocclusion type and crowding was retrieved and analysed using SPSS 20.0. The study included 100 patients out of which 74% were males and 26% were females.Crowding was observed in 51% of the patients with class III malocclusion. Out of which 62.75% of the patients were reported to have minimal crowding ,31.37% had moderate crowding and 5.88% had severe crowding of the mandibular incisors. There was no statistically significant association between age, gender, and severity of crowding as determined by pearson's chi-square tests.Within the limits of the study, it can be concluded that mild mandibular crowding was the most common finding in class III malocclusion patients.

SEVERITY OF DENTAL FLUOROSIS AMONG PATIENTS VISITING A PRIVATE DENTAL INSTITUTION- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

B. John Rozar Raj .; Samuel Raj Srinivasan; Niveditha. M.S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1980-1986

Dental fluorosis is a specific disturbance in tooth formation caused by excessive fluoride intake during the development of tooth. The aim of this study was to assess the severity of dental fluorosis in a private dental institution. This was a retrospective institutional study. Samples were collected from June 2019 to March 2020 from patient records who visited a private dental hospital. Data of dental fluorosis was collected. Excel tabulation was done. SPSS results were obtained. P<0.05 considered significant. In the present study, 191 patients had dental fluorosis. Among patients with dental fluorosis, percentage of mild fluorosis was 50%, percentage of moderate fluorosis was 26%, percentage of very mild fluorosis was 12% and 7% percentage of severe fluorosis was found. Further, 7% had questionable fluorosis. From the present study we can conclude that the frequency of mild dental fluorosis was more among the patients who visited our dental institution in chennai. Males had higher prevalence of dental fluorosis as compared to females and greater frequency of dental fluorosis was found in the age group of 16 to 30 years, However, the results were not statistically significant.