Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Infection control


To Assess The Level Of Compliance Of Healthcare Personnel At AVBRH Wardha With Respect To Appropriate Hand Hygiene Practices.

Prachi Ramteke; Dr. Rupali Naik; Dr. Vandana Gudhe

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 3675-3685

Background
As we all know that washing our hands while its dirty is our daily cleaning
practice. We wash our hands to clean our dirts or soiled particles present on our palm
which directly comes into contact with oral cavity or say through our mouth, nose, eyes,etc.
So as to prevent any sort of infection we all h ave to clean or wash our hands properly and
maintain proper hand hygiene. Hand washing is simply rubbing our both the palms of
hands with soap or liquid such as water. Poor hand hygiene at the time of intrapartum and
newborn care may lead to the increase d eath rates among newborns and results in sepsis.
The emergence of novel CoV 19, comes with the very newly strategies for the reduction of
transmission. These strategies are very preventive and supportive. Finally , some of the
recommendations has considered to reduce the effect of transmission among HCWs.
Objectives
 To analyze the drift or direction of hand hygiene practices over a period of 2
months.
 To assess the knowledge, attitude & practice towards the "hand washing" in
hospital.
 To identify factors that motivate the spread of antimicrobial resistance.
 To identify the hand washing methods which are commonly used by healthcare
worker's.
Methodology
This observational study will be conducted to assess the level of compliance
of healthcare personnel at AVBRH hospital and practices of hand washing among HCWs.
Expected
Result s We expect to get good results about proper hand hygiene within
healthcare workers as to reduce rate of
transmission We expect to observe compliance with
hand hygiene to be overall good. Awareness of hand hygiene among the HCWs to be high
and good. Alcohol based hand rubs, hand sanitizers, water and soap should be available
all time.
Conclusion
By taking in considerati on for future, hand sanitizers should be available as
this is very much effective on the viruses such as SARS CoV 2 and COVID 19,etc.

ASSESSMENT OF RUBBER DAM USAGE AMONG DENTIST IN INDIA

Kaviya. L; Dr. Anjaneyulu K; Dr. Jayalakshmi Somasundaram

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1043-1057

Rubber dam was introduced by Dr.Barnum in the 1860 s, the main advantage of using rubber dams in endodontics include patient protection from medicaments, aspiration of endodontic instruments, tooth debris, and irrigating solutions. The aim of the study to determine the prevalence and frequency of rubber dam usage during endodontic procedures among dentists in the state of TamilNadu, India.A survey was conducted among 101 dentists in the state of Tamil Nadu, India by preparing a set of questions, and the answers were collected through an online survey method.In this survey, 82.2% feel comfortable to use a rubber dam,36.6% never use a rubber dam to pediatric patients,89% always use a rubber dam to adult patients,61.4% not using rubber dam for all cases of RCT,73.8% need to gain knowledge about rubber dams through training programs,23.8 % told patients discomfort was a reason for not using a rubber dam, 80.2% not using rubber dam while taking X- rays,45.5% take more than 5 mins for applying a rubber dam to patients,63.4% told it is easily available for clinical usage.The present survey shows there is a low prevalence of its usage during endodontic treatment. Greater emphasis should be placed on the advantages of using rubber dams in clinical dentistry at dental school and through continuing dental education for practitioners to update their knowledge

KNOWLEDGE AWARENESS AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS ORAL MANIFESTATIONS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS AMONG DENTAL STUDENTS- A QUESTIONNAIRE BASED STUDY

Sneha Sree. S; Abilasha Ramasubramanian; Jayanth Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 600-615

A virus is composed of nucleic acid either DNA or RNA, surrounded by a protein coat.It requires a living cell to multiply. A viral infection can lead to a spectrum of symptoms from asymptomatic to severe disease.Worldwide,5% of health-care-related infections are being transmitted. Dentists are considered being a high risk group for cross-infection.Therefore it is important that dental students have adequate knowledge and awareness of viral infections.The aim of the study is to evaluate the knowledge, awareness and attitude about oral manifestations of viral infections among dental students.A self explanatory questionnaire comprising 20 questions was presented to 205 students. The questionnaire enquired about oral manifestations of different viral infections and their precautionary infection control measures .Out of 205 students 86.34% were males and 13.66% were females,189 of them knew that the most common oral manifestation in HIV patients is candidiasis.92.6%agreed that a dentist could get Herpetic paronychia.When asked if treatment of patients with viral infections required special clinics 68.1% responded yes.Our study showed that the dental undergraduate students had adequate knowledge on oral manifestations of viral diseases but lacking knowledge about infection control protocol for the various diseases. Hence students should improve their attitude towards them in their dental practice.

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE REGARDING OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS AND INFECTION CONTROL MEASURES AMONG DENTAL STUDENTS - A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY

Karthiga Devi. G; Deepika Rajendran; Pradeep D

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 224-237

Infection control practices are important in a clinical setup to avoid the risk of infection among the patients and practitioners. Proper infection control measures such as proper basic disposal and sterilization of instruments that are basic infection control measures should be directly followed in a clinical setup. This study aims to access the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding occupational hazards and infection control measures among dental students. The study was conducted among dental undergraduates and postgraduates.The study group consisted of 3rd year, 4th year and Interns and Postgraduate students. Total number of students included in the study was 121 participants. The data was collected and analysed through IBM SPSS statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics were done. About 90.9% of the dental students answered that the dental clinics are more prone for infectious disease. Among all the dental students, 76.9% of the students experienced the accidental injury in clinics. Among them 44.6% of the students reported that needle injury was the cause for the occupational injury followed by 21.5% of scalpel blade, 4.1% of burs. About 11.4% of dental students were not immunized against Hepatitis B virus (HBV). Among them who received vaccination, 43.8% of them had completed the three recommended doses of HBV vaccination. The students know the importance of infection control and the knowledge among all students about the protocols about infection control was high but practice was quite low. A better knowledge of infection control is essential for safe practice in dentistry. This will ensure the provision of better and safer dental health-care service for the population.