Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : vaccination


Nasopharyngial carriage, serotypic landscape and sensitivity to S. Pneumoniae antibiotics in children before and after the implantation of vaccination in Uzbekistan

Elmira Shamansurova; Gulnoza Makhkamova; Shoira Agzamova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2393-2400

Abstract. This article presents the results of a study of the nasopharyngeal carriage of
Streptococcus pneumoniae in 76 organized children before vaccination and 77
unorganized vaccinated children in Tashkent. It was found that the frequency of
nasopharyngeal carriage of pneumococcus is higher in children of closed children's
groups. The disappearance of the most common pneumococcal serotypes after vaccination
indicates the effectiveness of vaccination

Immune Response Of The Organism Of Newborns Karakul Sheep Lambs To Vaccination

Ruzikulov R.F.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 4438-4444

There was studied the immunological structure of populations of karakul sheep lambs, vaccinated against colybacterios, salmonellosis and anthrax antigen from the age of 2-3 days tile 2-3 weeks. There was revealed the nature of wavelike character of the immune reaction of an organism of newborn animals of vaccination. There was determined the immunomodulation role of anti idiotypic antibodies.

Treatment Strategies Of Cholera: A Review

Clara Basumatary; Rajinder Kaur; Sukhminderjit Kaur

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4889-4899

Cholera is a contagious diarrheal disease which spreads through contaminated food and water. It is caused by Gram negative bacterium Vibrio cholerae of the O1 or O139 serogroup. Cholera can potentially spread as epidemic or endemic. If undiagnosed and untreated at the earlier stages, it can result in dehydration and death. Different endeavors are made for the treatment of cholera. Oral rehydration therapy (ORT), use of antimicrobials and antibiotics, probiotics and vaccinations are amongst the various alternative modes of treatment that can be used to treat cholera depending upon the severity of the disease. Also, antibiotics like tetracycline, azithromycin and doxycycline can be used synergistically for the treatment of acute infection and intense dehydration. Researchers have also advocated the use of different vaccines including oral cholera vaccine. In this review, we have provided a brief overview of the cholera disease and its pathogenesis along with different treatment strategies that can be used to treat it or reduce its symptoms.

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE REGARDING OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS AND INFECTION CONTROL MEASURES AMONG DENTAL STUDENTS - A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY

Karthiga Devi. G; Deepika Rajendran; Pradeep D

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 224-237

Infection control practices are important in a clinical setup to avoid the risk of infection among the patients and practitioners. Proper infection control measures such as proper basic disposal and sterilization of instruments that are basic infection control measures should be directly followed in a clinical setup. This study aims to access the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding occupational hazards and infection control measures among dental students. The study was conducted among dental undergraduates and postgraduates.The study group consisted of 3rd year, 4th year and Interns and Postgraduate students. Total number of students included in the study was 121 participants. The data was collected and analysed through IBM SPSS statistical analysis. Descriptive statistics were done. About 90.9% of the dental students answered that the dental clinics are more prone for infectious disease. Among all the dental students, 76.9% of the students experienced the accidental injury in clinics. Among them 44.6% of the students reported that needle injury was the cause for the occupational injury followed by 21.5% of scalpel blade, 4.1% of burs. About 11.4% of dental students were not immunized against Hepatitis B virus (HBV). Among them who received vaccination, 43.8% of them had completed the three recommended doses of HBV vaccination. The students know the importance of infection control and the knowledge among all students about the protocols about infection control was high but practice was quite low. A better knowledge of infection control is essential for safe practice in dentistry. This will ensure the provision of better and safer dental health-care service for the population.