Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Social distancing

Study On Physical Distancing Compliance Towards Corona Virus Risk (COVID-19).

Heru Subaris Kasjono; Rizki Amalia; Nur Mustika Aji Nugroho; Sutaryono .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2236-2242

The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is a great concern in the global health sector. This isdueto the large number of people infected within a wide area. The possibility of transmission from one person to anotherraises the need for isolation or restrictions in terms of physical and social interactions within the community. This study aims to determine the extent of community compliance in conducting Physical Distancing.
The research design was observational analytic, using cross sectional method,and was performed with 753 respondents. In addition, data was collected using internet-based questionnaire in the first Government Emergency Response period from March 23 to April 11, 2020. The information obtained includes demographics, physical social compliance variables and risk level. Therefore, qualitativeanalysis was performed to evaluate the frequency distribution, while the relationship between risk categories with Covid 19 cases was determined using chi square.
The results showed the majority of respondents performedoutdoor activities (60.4%), althoughwith good health protocol awareness. Also, mostparticipants wear masks (75.6%), conductgoodhand washing habit (86.6%), always use hand sanitizers (76.5) and maintain a distance from others (87%). Furthermore, the risk categories of respondents were low (95.2%),hence a relationship is established between Covid 19 cases and risk categories.This is reflectedin physical and social distancing compliance (p <0.00001),classified in the moderate category,with an odd ratio value of 9.42 (CI: 4.45-19.97).
In conclusion, moderate physical and social distancing compliance poses a greater risk for covid19 cases, thus the need to increase discipline with Large Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) implementation.

A Review On Impact Of Social Distancing During The Covid-19 Pandemic

Dr.Subha V.J; Dr. Dayanithi B S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5536-5541

The first outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei, China identified of the COVID-19 is certainly an unexpected tragedy. About nine million confirmed cases have been recorded worldwide due to the highly contagious nature of the coronavirus 1. The findings of accelerated trials since COVID-19 have demonstrated that individuals are vulnerable to pandemic-related psychiatric disorders, including depressive thoughts, anxiety and depression symptoms and post-traumatic symptoms. Moreover, almost all countries around the world have pursued a social isolation strategy in order to reduce the epidemic transmission. This measure, however, compromises our social activities and connections. Therefore it cannot be overlooked its impact on human psychological wellbeing. Since our research is little understanding of the fundamental mechanism of its effects, COVID-19 aims to examine the behavioural disorders associated with this indicator and the role it plays.


Sheetal Kumari; Dr. L. Keerthi. Sasanka; Dr. Dinesh Premavathy; Dr. Visalakshi Ramanadhan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1673-1682

Influenza is an infectious disease caused by Influenza virus. Symptoms may include- fever, cough, headache, sore throat muscle and body pain and fatigue. These symptoms begin two days after exposure to the virus and most last less than a week. Old age people and children are at great risk due to this virus. Complications of influenza may include viral Pneumonia , secondary bacterial pneumonia sinus infections and worsening of previous health problems such as asthma or heart failure. Influenza spreads around the world in yearly outbreaks, resulting in about three to five million cases of severe illness and about 290,000 to 650,000 deaths. Three of the four types of influenza viruses affect humans : Type A, Type B, and Type
C. Type D has not been known to infect humans, but is believed to have the potential to do so. In this present study, data was collected and was verified using a standard software. Statistical analysis was done with the help of SPSS software and representation was done using pie charts and graphs. Data was entered and verified using a standard computer software. Type of analysis used was chi square. It was concluded that a maximum number of awareness was shared about the influenza, its causes, symptoms and risk factors associated with it.

Awareness On Preventive Measures In Covid-19 Among Dental Students - A Questionnaire Survey

Tahoora Taskeen L; V. Vishnu Priya; Lavanya Prathap; R. Gayathri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2842-2848

Objective: To determine awareness on the preventive measures in COVID-19.
Background: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) was induced by severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) which was first spotted in Wuhan, China. It’s symptoms were described as fever, cough and breathlessness.The aim of this study is to assess awareness on the preventive measures in COVID-19.
Materials and methods: Self-administered structured questionnaires were used based on the awareness of preventive measures in COVID-19 among dental students. The questionnaire was distributed through an online google forms link, The study population included 100 dental students.The data was collected and statistically analysed in SPSS.
Result: 52% gave affirmative response for the statement that symptoms of COVID-19 would be apparent as soon as the virus entered the body .52%of students responded that sanitization regularly will prevent us from COVID-19.19.87% of professionals had responded that close contact may increase the spread of COVID-19 and 19.83% of professionals had recommended hygiene maintenance as a preventive measure.
Statistical analysis: The data was collected and statistically analysed in SPSS.
Conclusion: The current study was to analyse the knowledge and awareness of preventive measures in COVID-19.With the limitations of the study it was concluded that the recent pandemic of COVID -19 has caused fear and confusion among people and there is not much awareness of drugs used to control COVID-19 . People need to be more careful and follow social distancing and self hygiene to prevent the spread of the disease.


Harini M; Ganesh Lakshmanan; Gayathri R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 540-548

COVID-19 is a respiratory syndrome affecting countless numbers of lives all over the world. It is reportedly caused due to the SARS-CoV-2 virus which is known to impair the lower respiratory tract causing distress. Available evidence suggests that COVID-19 is to have natural origin and is transmitted by inhaling the droplets expelled from the sputum of infected patients. As governments have put down mandatory lockdown as a strategy to mitigate the COVID 19 pandemic, this study aims to view the public perception of imposed lockdown on them. A questionnaire was distributed through an online google forms link to about 100 people of South Indian population, belonging mostly to age groups >10 years of age. The study population were asked to fill out the online form after reading each question thoroughly. The results were collected and the data was analysed using SPSS version 20. From the study population, the whole of 100% of the participants gave a positive response when asked if they were aware of COVID-16 and were also aware of the lockdown situation. 100% of the population think that the lockdown for COVID-19 is highly essential in order to completely eradicate the virus. This study gives an insight on the positive public perception towards lockdown imposed on them for COVID-19.


S. Padmaja; Smiline Girija AS

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 253-259

Aim: This review gives an overview on the pros and cons of the measures taken by the Indian government and also its impact on the public health and economy.
Materials and methods: The review is done by collecting and analyzing the articles from pubmed, google scholar and other government websites and were analysed. Period of the article retrieval ranges from Jan to May 2020 with proper inclusions and exclusions on the articles towards the data.
Results: When the articles were analysed pros outweigh the cons of the measures and had severe impact in the control and spread of Covid 19. Social distancing and lock-down measures were such measures taken with significant reduction in the covid 19 transmission. But they also resulted in certain specific adverse effects like disruption in the supply of basic amenities, fall of economy and unemployment.
Conclusion : We conclude that the public must strictly abide by the government measures since it has resulted in certain unforeseen events, albeit, advantageous results too. Together with the public support, the menace of covid-19 can be put to an end.