Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : infection


PRACTICE OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT DURING DENTAL TREATMENT

Reshmi B; Dhanraj Ganapathy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 570-578

COVID-19 is the disease supported by SARS-CoV-2 infection, which causes a severe form of pneumonia. Due to the pathophysiological characteristics of the COVID-19 the particular transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2, and the high globalization of our era, the epidemic emergency has spread rapidly all over the world. Human-to-human transmission seems to occur mainly through close contact with symptomatic people affected by COVID-19, and the main way of contagion is only through the inhalation of respiratory droplets, for example when patients talk, sneeze or cough.The dental practitioners are particularly exposed to a high risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection because they cannot always respect the interpersonal distance of more than a meter and are exposed to saliva, blood, and other body fluids during surgical procedures. Moreover, many dental surgeries can generate aerosol, and the risk of airborne infection is to be considered higher. The questionnaire was shared among students pursuing dentistry which contained a set of 10 questions . The questions were about duration , practice on PPE and how aware and protected the students are during treating the patients.88% of them agreed that the gloves they wear protect them from viral pathogens and 5% did not agree and 7% of them were not sure about it .90% of them were trained on personal protective equipment whereas 10% of them were not trained before.This study observed good awareness regarding the practice of using protective equipment during dental treatment among the respondents.

Most Common Side Effects Of Antibacterial Drugs In The Treatment Of Bacterial Infection

Mavlyanova Nozima; Mamatova Nodira; Аgzamova Nazifa; Muxitdinova Mavjuda; Sherova Zebo; Buranova Dilfuza; Muxammadjanova Madina

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 3420-3426

Primum non nocere is a principle proclaimed by Hippocrates and remains relevant throughout the history of medicine. Unfortunately, pharmacotherapy does not always correspond to it. Although modern oral antibacterial drugs generally have a favorable safety profile, there are still many side effects. Antibacterial, like all medicines, have side effects, some of the side effects can be serious and some are dire. The use of antibacterial drugs in all areas of medicine, often unreasonable indications for their use, free access for the potential consumer - all this leads to irrational use of drugs, starting from an early age. More than 50% of diseases are infectious in nature. Infectious drugs account for 20% of all drugs currently used in medicine. The misuse of antibiotics is fraught with the development of antimicrobial resistance in the pathogen.

Hand hygiene compliance and decreased incidence of multidrug-resistant organisms

Huwar Firdausi; Pidawati T; Agung Dwi Wahyu Widodo; Nuzulul Kusuma Putri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 763-770

The incidence of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) is found increasing in hospitals, in which this case causesan increaseinhealthcare-associated infections. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) or nosocomial infection is an infection obtained in a hospital after more than 72 hours of being admitted to the hospital. This infection transmission by multidrug-resistant organisms is caused by the health workers’ hand hygiene. One of the most effective prevention is to do proper hand hygiene, which results in breaking the chain of the multidrug-resistant organism incidence.Therefore, hand hygiene compliance may reduce healthcare-associated infection.This study aims to discoverthe relationship between hand hygiene andthe multidrug-resistant organism incidence. This study was a descriptive research conducted by utilizing surveillancedata of multidrug-resistant organisms in the intensive care unit (ICU) and the hospital ward in 2018, and the audit of WHO’s protocols for hand hygiene was collected by the infection prevention and control committee from January to December 2018. The result showed that the rate of hand hygiene compliance in 2018 at the ICU was 66% while at the hospital ward,on average,was about52%. There was a decrease in the multidrug-resistant organism incidencein 2018 compared to 2017; in the ICU, the highest percentage reduction was multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (54.5 %), and the lowest was extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (5.5 %). Meanwhile, in the hospital ward, the highest percentage reduction was multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumanniiincidence (50%),and the lowest was extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (4%).Therefore, the trend patterns show aninverse correlation between hand hygiene compliance and multidrug-resistant organism incidence in the ICU and the hospital ward.

Changes In The Microbiota Of The Birth Canal When Using An Intrauterine Contraceptive During Abdominal Delivery

Nazarova Zebiniso Azizovna; Agababyan Larisa Rubenovna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 614-624

In this work, we analyzed the frequency of violations of the vaginal microbiota and the development of infectious and inflammatory complications during post-placental intrauterine contraceptive administration during abdominal delivery. Currently, the incidence of infectious and inflammatory diseases in obstetrics does not tend to decrease. In the structure of infectious and inflammatory diseases, a significant place is occupied by postoperative purulent-septic complications – endometritis, suppuration of wounds on the uterus and anterior abdominal wall after cesarean section. One of the tasks solved in the course of this study was to identify the correlation between the state of the birth canal microbiota and the development of complications when using IUDs during cesarean section.

Coronavirus Disease: Existing Literature and Status in India

Dr.Arunachalam P; HOD,Dr.Jaiganesh S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5707-5715

The outbreak of COVID-19 disease began in December 2019 in the city of Wuhan in China, also recognized as China's largest transport centre. The condition became epidemic during China's spring festival. The virus is quickly transported into several nations, including countries with low wages So far, 234073 have registered COVID-19 cases in the world with a total of 9840 fatalities. Cough, high fever, a sore throat, tiredness and respiratory trauma are the typical signs of COVID-19. The condition was shown to be moderate in most cases, others with pneumonia with multi-organ failure and acute ARDS. The Incubation Time for the infection has been observed to be 2-14 days, typically 4 days in maximum cases. India remains in stage 2 on local transmission in line with WHO Record 60. The WHO announced 60 that no population transmission has yet occurred in India that can be avoided by preventing mass meetings and proper citizens screens. Govt. Govt. There have been several initiatives by India to minimize the spread of COVID-19 in the region. The COVID-19 infection incidence in India appears to be poor in comparison to the country's population. This is attributable to swift government measures to quarantine and close down the boundaries of the accused population. The global economy is in great slowdown due to COVID-19 assault and would potentially cost roughly $1 trillion. This is attributable to swift government measures to quarantine and close down the boundaries of the accused population. By reducing H-H transmissions, the spread of COVID-19 infections may be minimized. Anti-CoV drug discovery is also required, and will replace the supporting therapies for infection control.

FACE MASK HEALTHY OR UNHEALTHY- A REVIEW

N. Naveenaa; Leslie Rani; M.P. Brundha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 324-333

The facemask is a personal protective equipment which is used to prevent the droplet or aerosol spread. Due to the pandemic spread like SARS, COVID-19 the mask is recommended to be worn by all the people to prevent the infection. It is one of the non-pharmaceutical ways of prevention, it helps in controlling the spread but not in complete eradication of the disease.This is a widely used way of prevention, which is cheap, non-invasive and has capacity to reduce the mortality rate due to respiratory infection. The major problem associated with these equipment are, they are commonly misused and they go out of stock even before the health care sector receives these equipment. So proper selection of masks is required to prevent the infection and also to reduce the demand of masks in the health sector. The aim of this review is to understand the importance of masks and needs of the personal protective equipment during the onset of any pandemic conditions. A systematic search strategy was done and the articles were found using keywords. Literature was taken from databases like PubMed and Google Scholar. The articles which discussed face masks were included and other articles which had the different types, advantages and disadvantages were also included. The review summarises the needs and the urge to use a face mask at the onset of pandemic condition. Selection of proper mask is emphasised to reduce the demand of masks.