Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : premalignant lesions


Cryosurgery in the management of maxillofacial lesions: A review literature

Dr. Vijay ebenezer; Dr. Balakrishnan Ramalingam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1885-1889

Background:
There are various methods of tissue destruction have been employed in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery like chemicals, irradiation by X-rays and high-frequency electric current and other methods. However any technique in question with the surgeon’s scalpel should be painless, produce minimal damage to the surrounding tissues, should be selective against, for example, malignant cells, it is very much applied locally, promote uneventful healing rapidly and provides good control. Cryosurgery is a therapeutic method of treatment in which inflammation and destruction tissue cells is created by high cold freezing. This review article aimed to throw insight into the efficacy of cryosurgery in the treatment of oral and maxillofacial lesions.
Conclusion:
With the recent development of better equipment and use of liquid nitrogen, this mode of therapy appears to have promising role in the management of locally aggressive and recurrent lesions in the maxillofacial region. Thus, its ease of application and the absence of postoperative infection, contraction, scarring with little or no recurrence makes cryosurgery a highly useful method in treating various conditions of oral cavity. Cryosurgery procedure can be done in out patient clinic, very much cost feasible and comparatively in treating various oral lesions. It is an less invasive form of therapy when compared to the conventional surgery. Cryoprobes can be used as an adjuvant material with other surgical methods in treating various types of oral lesions. In conclusion there would be a considerable increase in the use of cryotherapy in oral surgery, along with a much better understanding of the basic principles and techniques related to this form of treatment.

Velscope- A Recent Examination Tool In Dentistry.

Neha .; Dr. Jayalakshmi Somasundaram

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2475-2483

Oral cancer is a global health disease that has a major impact on an individual''s health, psychology and lifestyle. It is the 6th most common cancer in the world and has a high prevalence worldwide, and is found more in men than women. It is attributed to a myriad of causes which especially include tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption and chewing betel quid. Survival rates of oral cancer are very poor despite advances in therapeutic interventions. Detecting oral cancer at an early stage is believed to be the most effective means of reducing death rates. Thus arises the need for an important diagnostic tool which is able to detect pre-malignant and malignant lesions at an early stage. Treatment helps only for about 5 years after which recurrences are seen. The only way to reduce recurrences is early diagnosis. VELscope, also known as Visually-Enhanced Lesion scope, serves this purpose. It is an important diagnostic tool that uses an auto- fluorescence based imaging system to detect lesions and allows enhanced visibility of the premalignant and malignant lesions. It emits a harmless, non-invasive blue coloured LED fibre optic light that shines in the patient’s mouth. The fluorescent light is absorbed by normal tissues whereas neoplastic lesions lose fluorescence and become dark. This helps in quick and non-invasive diagnosis.

VELSCOPE- A RECENT EXAMINATION TOOL IN DENTISTRY

Neha .; Dr. Jayalakshmi Somasundaram

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 359-366

Oral cancer is a global health disease that has a major impact on an individual's health, psychology and
lifestyle. It is the 6th most common cancer in the world and has a high prevalence worldwide, and is found
more in men than women. It is attributed to a myriad of causes which especially include tobacco smoking,
alcohol consumption and chewing betel quid. Survival rates of oral cancer are very poor despite advances
in therapeutic interventions. Detecting oral cancer at an early stage is believed to be the most effective
means of reducing death rates. Thus arises the need for an important diagnostic tool which is able to detect
pre-malignant and malignant lesions at an early stage. Treatment helps only for about 5 years after which
recurrences are seen. The only way to reduce recurrences is early diagnosis. VELscope, also known as
Visually-Enhanced Lesion scope, serves this purpose. It is an important diagnostic tool that uses an autofluorescence
based imaging system to detect lesions and allows enhanced visibility of the premalignant
and malignant lesions. It emits a harmless, non-invasive blue coloured LED fibre optic light that shines in
the patient’s mouth. The fluorescent light is absorbed by normal tissues whereas neoplastic lesions lose
fluorescence and become dark. This helps in quick and non-invasive diagnosis