Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : survey


Survey of Malassezia spp. that causing Pityriasis Versicolor in Al-Diwaniyah city, Iraq

Abeer Takleef Noor Al- Jabry; Ali A Alsudani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4416-4428

Background: Malassezia spp. is part of the normal flora of the skin of human vertebrates and other warm-blooded vertebrates, it is associated with several diseases affecting human skin such as Pityriasis Versicolor (PV) which that often affects young adults of both females and males and can also affect children. The use of molecular methods has made great progress in the study of infections caused by Malassezia spp. because these species are variable in shape and difficult to identify according to colony shapes and micro and biochemical characteristics. Materials and Methods: This study included 87 specimens, 38 of females, a percentage of 43.7%, and 49 specimens of males, a percentage of 56.3%, and the ages ranged between (10-55) years from patients that diagnosis by the dermatological consultant at Al-Diwaniyah Teaching Hospital for the period from 1/10/2019 to 5/3/2020. Results: The results showed that the incidence of (PV) patients is the most common among patients aged 10-20 years, at a percentage of 45.9%, with significant differences at a probability level of 0.01, followed by patients between the ages of 30-21, at a percentage of 29.8% compared to other age groups. It was also observed, the incidence of (PV) is more common among patients with oily skin at a percentage of 60.9%, and the most isolated types are M. furfur and M. globosa for being lipophilic, followed by patients with normal skin at a percentage of 34.5% and patients with dry skin at a percentage of 4.6%. The results also showed that the incidence of (PV) is more frequent in patients who have a negative family history of the disease by 82.8% and those who do not have comorbidities, and by 94.3%, as for the status, duration, and severity of the disease, the results showed that the recurrent disease for less than 1 year of the severe type, it was the predominant among the other cases at rates of 58.6%, 41.4% and 37.9%, respectively. (PV) hypopigmentation also recorded the highest percentage among the infections with 54.0%, followed by hyperpigmentation at 39.1%, with significant differences compared to other injuries. The neck region is the most affected part of the rest of the body at a percentage of 36.8%, followed by the chest area by 23.5%, then the back area by 20.7%, and scaly infection was the highest percentage according to the type of infection, reaching 40.2%, followed by mixed infection, at 28.7%, with significant differences compared to other infections. The results of the phenotypic and genotypic diagnosis of the growing colonies indicated that M. furfur was the most common causative agent (34.4%), followed by M. globosa (25.2%), M. slooffiae (18.3%), and M. pachydermatis at a percentage of (5.7%). The phylogenetic tree was also analyzed, and the similarity ratios between the local strains and the globally registered strains in the NCBI were compared using the MEGA10 program. The isolated local species were also registered in the Genbank and provided with the accession numbers. Conclusions: Malassezia furfur was the predominant causative agent of (PV) followed by M. globosa, M. slooffiae, and M. pachydermatis. Males and females are affected by the infection of (PV). Individuals of the age group between (10-20) years have oily skin, have a negative family history, the duration of the disease is less than 1 year, and the recurrent condition is most

Representation Of Rape Cases In Indian Dailies With Special Reference To ‘Nirbhaya’ Gangrape.

Afaq Ahmad; Seema Shukla; Kavita Verma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4213-4220

Press is considered the fourth pillar of any democratic setup. India is a democratic country; therefore, newspapers play an agenda-setting role in the country. The cases of rape are ubiquitous phenomenon and reported every day in newspapers. A 23-year-old female was brutally raped and murdered by six adult men and one 17 years old juvenile in the year 2012. This brutal gang rape attracted media headlines not only in India but across the world due to its horrific nature in which the crime was committed. The present research paper attempts to understand the representation of rape in newspapers with special reference to Delhi gang rape case. The researcher has also conducted comparative analysis of representation of high-profile rape cases and normal rape cases. To analyze the reports the data were collected from three Hindi and three English newspapers namely Dainik Jagran, Hindustan, Dainik Bhaskar, The Times of India, The Tribune and The Hindu published from Dehradun. The researchers used electronic version of editions for the study. All the news items were read and re-read carefully and analyzed thematically. The study shows that newspapers highlight those stories and give extensive coverage to those rape incidents which have elements of sympathy, public apathy and exposure of such incidents by means of protests.

PUBLIC PERCEPTION ON LOCKDOWN FOR COVID-19 - A SURVEY

Harini M; Ganesh Lakshmanan; Gayathri R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 540-548

COVID-19 is a respiratory syndrome affecting countless numbers of lives all over the world. It is reportedly caused due to the SARS-CoV-2 virus which is known to impair the lower respiratory tract causing distress. Available evidence suggests that COVID-19 is to have natural origin and is transmitted by inhaling the droplets expelled from the sputum of infected patients. As governments have put down mandatory lockdown as a strategy to mitigate the COVID 19 pandemic, this study aims to view the public perception of imposed lockdown on them. A questionnaire was distributed through an online google forms link to about 100 people of South Indian population, belonging mostly to age groups >10 years of age. The study population were asked to fill out the online form after reading each question thoroughly. The results were collected and the data was analysed using SPSS version 20. From the study population, the whole of 100% of the participants gave a positive response when asked if they were aware of COVID-16 and were also aware of the lockdown situation. 100% of the population think that the lockdown for COVID-19 is highly essential in order to completely eradicate the virus. This study gives an insight on the positive public perception towards lockdown imposed on them for COVID-19.

WHAT IS THE SOURCE AND ORIGIN OF COVID 19 -A SURVEY ON POPULAR PERCEPTION

Shradha Jalan; Dr. Ganesh Lakshmanan; Dr. R. Gayathri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 561-571

COVID-19 is a respiratory syndrome affecting countless numbers of lives all over the world. It is reportedly caused due to the SARS-CoV-2 virus which is known to impair the lower respiratory tract causing distress.Over 4 million laboratory confirmed cases of COVID-19 have been reported worldwide in about 187 countries. The study aims at analyzing the public perception on the source and origin of COVID- 19 and to spread its awareness among citizens. A questionnaire was distributed through an online google forms link to about 100 people. The study population was asked to fill out the online form after reading each question thoroughly. The results were collected and the data was analysed using SPSS version 20. From the results analysed from the responses of the study population, the majority of the participants gave a positive response and awareness about the source and origin of COVID-19. This study gives an insight on the public perception towards the source and origin of covid 19.

HAS W.H.O DONE AN ERROR WITH COVID- 19 IN REGARDANCE WITH ITS JANUARY- 2020 REPORT ON HUMAN TO HUMAN TRANSMISSION- A SURVEY ON A POPULAR PERCEPTION

Subaraman M; Dr.Ganesh Lakshmanan; Dr. Gayathri R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 549-560

The COVID-19 epidemic in China is a world health threat. So far now it is the largest outbreak of atypical pneumonia since the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003. Within weeks of the onset of COVID-19 the total number of cases and deaths exceeded those of SARS .SARS is similar to COVID-19, and SARS is a beta-coronavirus that can be spread to humans through intermediate hosts such as bats, though the actual route of transmission of COVID-19 is still debatable. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak a public health emergency of international concern on 30 January 2020. It has been debated among the political leaders claiming that there is error from the part of WHO in giving a wrong impression at the golden hour where the pandemic could have been averted. A survey conducted with a self prepared questionnaire comprising 15 questions with a sample of 100 people of Tamil Nadu state. The questionnaire was prepared with questions comprising of covid 19 and who January WHO report, these questions help to determine perception on COVID-19 and WHO January report and that help to depict their knowledge and awareness on this topic and what is their critical perception of the role of WHO in handling the COVID pandemic. WHO plays a role in the process of updating the methods to prevent and cure the pandemic outbreak COVID-19. WHO is found to test the positive and negative responses shown by the possible methods present against COVID-19 and displays the most trusted method among the available methods.In the previous study, more than half of the participants are found to show high concern about swine influenza pandemic. In the present study, around 71% of the participants are aware of the COVID-19 pandemic and the controversial role played by WHO in spreading the COVID-19 pandemic. This study concludes that during this pandemic outbreak most of the participants are aware of the role of WHO in the process of controlling and updating information related to the global pandemic condition. It is evident from this study that people are sceptical about the role played by WHO in managing COVID-19

CHLOROQUINE AS A PROPHYLACTIC AGENT FOR COVID-19 INFECTION - A SURVEY AMONG SOUTH INDIAN POPULATION

Keerthana. B; Dr.R.Gayatri Devi; Dr.Ganesh Lakshmanan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 822-831

COVID 19 being the deadliest disease all over the world regarded as the pandemic, the hope of every people is to get an effective medication that can counter it. There is a strong belief that chloroquine may help in controlling the virus. It is taken as an oral preparation. Chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine is a drug class 4- aminoquinoline. Chloroquine is contraindicated in people with heart disease or diabetes. It has a narrow therapeutic index and can cause toxicity easily.A derivative of chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine was synthesised first in 1946. Chloroquine is primarily used to prevent and treat malaria in areas where malaria remains sensitive to its effects. A self-administered questionnaire was prepared consisting of 10 questions and was distributed to a random population through Google docs and we got almost 100 responses. About 63% of the participants are aware of COVID-19 and chloroquine. SPSS software was used to analyse the data for descriptive statistics and chi-square analysis for association with gender. About 50% of the participants' perception is that chloroquine will protect them from COVID-19, and are aware that hydroxychloroquine and other forms of chloroquine are undergoing a clinical trial of COVID-19. If it succeeds it will have a big impact on the current crisis.