Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Reasons


EXPONENTIAL SPREAD OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN EUROPE AND AMERICA - A PUBLIC PERCEPTION SURVEY

Saivarshine S; Ganesh Lakshmanan; Gayathri R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 572-584

Coronavirus (Covid-19) upsurge is the current outbreak (SARS-COV-2) which has spread to many other countries from the sea markets of Hubei Province,Wuhan, China. Following the initial outbreak, there was a major and exponential spread of COVID-19 pandemic in Europe and America. The rate of detection of new cases and mortality rate in Europe and America surpassed even the actual cases of China and even went many fold than the chinese cases. This study aims at bringing the public perception towards this phenomenon. An online survey was conducted with a self-structured questionnaire comprising 15 questions that were distributed through the google forms. The sample size of this study was 100. The results were analysed by performing percentage distribution and chi square analysis using the statistical software “SPSS version 20”. The data was analysed and the output represented as pie charts and bar charts. People of different age groups largely had a good idea about the reasons for the exponential spread of COVID-19 pandemic in Europe and America. This study analysed the statistics on the knowledge among the public about reasons for exponential spread of covert 19 pandemic in Europe and America and a majority of population were of the opinion that prompt government action and policies can save lives. COVID-19 is a pandemic which is spreading rapidly all over the world in a very short period of time. In general, the public perception is that for preventing the instantaneous transmission of the virus, preventive measures by government policies and maintaining good health conditions among the people are critical to get a favourable outcome.

REASONS FOR EXTRACTION OF PERMANENT FIRST MOLARS IN CHILDREN BETWEEN 6-17 YEARS OF AGE - A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Karthikeson. P.S; Vignesh Ravindran; Kiran Kumar Pandurangan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3282-3294

Introduction:
The permanent first molar teeth are the most caries prone teeth in mixed dentition. Reasons for permanent molar teeth loss include poor prognosis, caries,orthodontic and periodontal reasons. This study was done with the aim to assess the common reasons for extraction of first permanent molars in children between 6-17 years of age.
Materials and methods:
A total of 89000 case sheets were reviewed and cross verified from June 2019 to March 2020. Data related to permanent molar extractions were retrieved by searching with Patient ID, age, gender ,tooth number and treatment relevant to the study. Data was tabulated in the excel sheet. Statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software(version 9.0.3). Results were statistically analysed using association analysis.
Results:
Higher number of males (64.47%) had first permanent molar extractions when compared to females (35.53%). In males, dental caries with pulpitis (22.37%) was the most common reason for extraction of permanent molars. In females, root stumps(13.16%) was the most common reason for extraction of permanent molars. In both 8-12 years age group and 13-17 years age group, dental caries with pulpitis (34.21%) was the most common reason for extraction of permanent molars.
Conclusion:
Within the limitations of the current study, first permanent molars were commonly extracted among males and dental caries with pulpitis was the most common reason for extraction of first permanent molars.

COMMON REASONS FOR DRUG NONCOMPLIANCE IN PATIENTS WHO ARE ATTENDING OUTPATIENT CLINICS IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE AT MAKKAH AL-MOKARRAMAH

Wassim Abdulrahman Alfattni, Mahfooz Naser Sroor Alshareef, Ibrahim Bakheet Faraj Aal El Sunni, Waleed Ateeq Alsubhi, Tareq Naser Sroor Alshareef, Fatimah Turki Hazem Alatyani Aisha Ayesh Alotaibi, Rawan Shaker Abdullah Alshareef, Hamza Ateeq Albishri, Radi Ati Abdullateef Alharbi, Mohammed Ateeq Alsubhi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2019, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 375-387

Background:
The compliance with standards in health services is non-negotiable as it is fundamental in improving KSA current poor health outcomes, restoring patient and staff confidence in the public healthcare system, achieving widespread sustainable development and providing basic quality healthcare in KSA. Despite the growing interest in understanding the a etiology of chronic diseases, limited studies exist on medication noncompliance, especially, among perturbing and rural dwellers in KSA. Barriers to medication adherence in patients can have significant differences that made researchers confute to conclude that medication adherence is required to be more explored, and then, beneficial interventions develop to decrease these barriers. Some of the main barriers to patient compliance with pharmacological therapy The barriers to medication adherence included four concepts, namely, lifestyle challenges, patient incompatibility, forgetting of medicine use, and no expert advice. These concepts are always present in the disease process and reduce the patients' efforts to achieve normal living and adhere to the medication. Medication non-adherence when patients don’t take their medications as prescribed is unfortunately fairly common, especially among patients with chronic disease.Most non-adherence is intentional patients make a rational decision not to take their medicine based on their knowledge, experience and beliefs There are many reasons for non-compliance with in patients for medication.
Aim of the study: To assessment of drug noncompliance among patients who are attending out patient's clinics in Primary Health Care Centers, Makkah, 2019 at Makkah Al-Mokarramah.
 Method:Across sectional descriptive study conducted among including Sample population consists of Saudi out patients aged 20-60 years attending to outpatient in selected primary health–care centers in Makkah Al-Mokarramah city, during the October to December, 2019, the Sample size of medical practitioners. Our total participants were (234).
Results:shows a statistically significant association socio-demographic (age, education, occupation, income) and Regular taking medication with (P-value <0.001) , respectively Chi-square (34.607, 72.638, 9.144, 32.151) Regarding gender shows no statistically significant association between gender and Regular taking medication with (P-value 0.364) , Chi-square (0.826).
 Conclusion: Recommendations to facilitate compliance with were described, which included implementation of effective management practices and allocation of adequate healthcare resources required to facilitate such compliance. ​The factors related to compliance may be better categorized as factors as the approach in countering their effects may differ. The study also highlights that the interaction of the various factors has not been studied systematically. Future studies need to address this interaction issue, as this may be crucial to reducing the level of non-compliance in general, and to enhancing the possibility of achieving the desired healthcare outcomes. Drug noncompliance not only includes patient compliance with medication but a lot of factors For example also with diet, exercise, or life style changes