Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : exercise


GENERAL PHYSIOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS

Utepbergenov Amangeldi Kutlimurotovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 9, Pages 2366-2371

The specificity principle of the exercise effect when choosing exercises to train, when it comes to achieving high sports results and high savings in the exercise performance, which depends more on the movement skills improvement (its performance techniques) should play a leading role. The greatest effect of exercise on movement skills (sports technique) is achieved by performing the exercises that are considered to be the main training.

Changes of perceived self-esteem dimension using archery as a weekly exercise regime in sedentary youth

MOHD AZRUL ANUAR ZOLKAFI; NORSHAM JULIANA; NOOR AIEN MON SARIP; SAHAR AZMANI; ABD RAHMAN HAYATI

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 5928-5935

the study aimed to evaluate self-esteem following 12 weeks of intervention and detraining from an archery activity among sedentary youth.
The study sample consisted of 34 male youth who were chosen randomly, and allocated into archery and control group. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Score was used, consisting 10 items to measure merely on self-esteem. The measurement was taken three times; baseline, week 12 and week 24 along the intervention course.  
The results shown that the self-esteem among the archery group was significantly higher following 12 weeks of intervention compared to baseline. However, at week 24 (after detraining), the score was reduced compared to week 12. The level of self-esteem among control group was similar at baseline, post-intervention and detraining.
Archery intervention provides good improvement on self-esteem especially among sedentary youth. Withdrawal from archery intervention leads to reduction of self-esteem score. 

Electrolyte Physiology In Physical Exercise

Siti Kaidah; Huldani .; Fauziah .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 4656-4663

Physical activity causes various changes in the body's regulatory system, these changes are
influenced by the type, frequency, duration, and intensity of the exercise. One of the
changes is sweating to regulate body temperature. The fluid that comes out through sweat
contains water and electrolytes such as sodium and potassium which are important for
body metabolism. Electrolyte balance affects fluid balance and cell function. When
exercise, increased sodium can occur due to a deficit in body fluids due to water excretion
that far exceeds sodium excretion and insufficient water intake. The increase in serum
potassium levels occurs due to the transfer of potassium from the intracellular fluid (CIS)
to the extracellular fluid (CES), which is then excreted together with sweat as a result of
increased body heat. The increase in serum calcium levels after physical activity is caused
by the activation of the body's homeostasis mechanism to maintain normal serum calcium
levels as an essential substance in the process of muscle contraction. There is also a
temporary transfer of magnesium from the extracellular fluid to the skeletal muscle tissue
so that the amount of magnesium contained in the skeletal muscle increases while the
plasma magnesium concentration decreases. Changes in electrolyte levels due to physical
exercise are influenced by the type, duration, and intensity of exercise performed. so that
the amount of magnesium contained in skeletal muscle becomes more while the plasma
magnesium concentration decreases. Changes in electrolyte levels due to physical exercise
are influenced by the type, duration, and intensity of exercise performed. so that the
amount of magnesium contained in skeletal muscle becomes more while the plasma
magnesium concentration decreases. Changes in electrolyte levels due to physical exercise
are influenced by the type, duration, and intensity of exercise.

AWARENESS ABOUT EFFECT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN CONTROLLING SYSTEMIC DISEASE AMONG DENTAL STUDENTS: A SURVEY

Sneha Kannan; Venkatesh K; Ganesh Lakshmanan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 591-599

The aim of this study is to get awareness about the benefits of physical activity and its effect on dental students. Recently, it has been recognized that lack of physical activity , especially regular stretching of arms and legs, may affect the course and pathogenesis of a number of systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes mellitus and low birth weight. The purpose of this study is to get awareness about the importance of physical activities and their benefits during the busy schedule of dental students. Dentistry is a field of challenges, especially the health of a budding dentist must be on top priority . A well maintained body is equal to a peaceful mind and it can be attained only through exercise. A cross sectional questionnaire survey was conducted. A total of 104 people of Saveetha Dental College were made to answer all the questions. The result will be analyzed using statistical analysis.
In this study, it was found that 90% are aware of the effect of physical activity to control systemic disease and only 14% are not aware of the statement. It has been proven that physically active individuals gain less weight over time and maintain good health. Thus infrastructure improvements such as sports activity in colleges among faculties, combined with regular exercise provide additional physical activity that would help to reduce obesity and non-communicable diseases in the future.

Knowledge, Awareness And Risk Factors Of Childhood Obesity Among Adolescent Population In Chennai - A Survey Based Analysis

Jagadheeswari Ramamoorthy; Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj; Geo Mani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3156-3174

IntroductionChildhood obesity is termed as excess body fat accumulation which negatively affects a child's health or well-being. As methods to work out body fat directly are difficult, the diagnosis of obesity is usually supported by BMI. A Body mass Index of 30 or more is considered as obesity. Children are considered to be obese if they are above the normal weight for their height in relation to their age. The problem is global and is steadily affecting many low and middle income countries. The rising prevalence of obesity in children and its many adverse health effects it's being recognized as a significant public health concern. AimThe aim of this study is to assess the Knowledge, awareness and risk factors of childhood obesity among the adolescent population.
Materials and MethodThis is a survey based study and was conducted on an online forum, Survey Planet with a sample of 100 participants .Adolescents of age group between 10-21 participated in the study. A questionnaire with 10 questions was circulated among the Chennai population. The responses were collected. The data was summarised as the number and percentage and analysed using SPSS.Chi square test was done and a P value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
ResultsIn this survey, we observed that 29% of them consider their current weight to be harmful for their health. 40% of them check their weight regularly. Half of the population were aware that chronic stress can lead to weight gain. Only 41% of the participants have the habit of exercising regularly. 67% of the participants were aware of the complications of obesity. Among all the respondents 28% of them had a family history of obesity.
ConclusionWithin the limits of this survey, we can conclude that awareness on childhood obesity is present among the adolescent population. Females were more aware of Childhood obesity than males. However regular exercise and healthy diet is essential to maintain a healthy weight and prevent obesity.

AWARENESS OF SELF-QUARANTINE- A SURVEY

John Francis; Jothi priya; Lavanya prathap; Lakshminarayanan Arivarasu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2236-2247

Everyone gets separated after a few days when they get bored due to that depression. Self quarantine reduces the economic development of the country. Everyone working has many responsibilities but due to this self quarantine in this lockdown shortage of money leads the country to drop in economic status. Due to self quarantine many are affected mentally, they usually get depressed and lose their peace. Cannot concentrate in what they are doing and change in their mood swings. Self quarantine Self quarantine is most useful during the time of spreading disease. This study is done with the help of an online survey. Many are used to this self quarantine. Many ill effects are there in self quarantine like obesity, due to obesity leads to myocardial infarction but other than these many useful things are occurring due to self quarantine like reducing usage of vehicles which reduces global warming. This study created awareness about the self quarantine and told how to spend free time properly