Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Sedentary Lifestyle

Evaluation of Improvement in Exercise Tolerance After Lifestyle Modification: An Institutional Based Study

KarpeSonal Prabhakar, Meshram Priti, Pundpal Gurudas Sadanand, Phulpagar Aditi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 5775-5781

Introduction: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) systems allow for the analysis of
exercise integrative physiology involving the pulmonary, cardiovascular, muscular, and
cellular oxidative systems. Subsequently, exercise tolerance is determined by pulmonary
gas exchange; cardiovascular performance, including the peripheral vascular tree; and
skeletal muscle metabolism.Thus, present study was commenced to
evaluateimprovement in exercise tolerance after lifestyle modification using
Cardiorespiratory Exercise Testing.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at a Cardiopulmonary exercise
testing unit of Grant Government Medical College & Sir J.J Group of Hospitals
(Mumbai) among 50 subjects. The subjects were told to follow a lifestyle modification
which included any form of physical activity preferably brisk walking for a duration of
30 minutes at least 5 times a week for 3 months. The paired t test was used to study the
exercise tolerance of subjects after 3 months.
Results: The VO2max, AT and METS were significantly higher in non-sedentary
subjects compared to sedentary subjects. There was significant improvement in
VO2max, AT and METS after exercise.The average VO2max after exercise was 48.38
ml/kg/min, i.e. there was 11.3 % improvement in VO2 max post exercise which was very
highly significant. The average METS after exercise was 13.81, i.e. there was 11.1%
improvement in METS post exercise which was significant. The average AT after
exercise was 67.04% of VO2max, i.e., there was 10.33 % improvement in AT post
exercise which was significant.


B.V.M. Anirudh; Karthik Ganesh Mohanraj; Nivethigaa. B

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 737-747

Sedentary lifestyle has become a huge concern in one's life, in which physical inactivity has become a major health problem. Prevalence of sedentary life is increasing nowadays and is seen more commonly in the student population. Sedentary lifestyle leads to obesity is an important health concern which is increasing day by day around the globe. It affects the whole body which mainly causes cardiovascular problems.The Aim of this research is to bring awareness about sedentary lifestyle, obesity and cardiovascular disease in the student population.A questionnaire of a total 15 questions were prepared and was uploaded through surveyplanet. The responses were collected and then interpreted as pie charts and bar graphs. A total of 100 undergraduate college students have taken the survey. The data was analysed by IBM-SPSS software where descriptive statistics and chi square test was done, where the results are plotted as graphs and pie charts.A total of 100 college students have taken up the survey in which 47% were male and 53% were female. In a question pertaining to how many people were following a healthy diet- 74 % have answered yes and 26% said no. The next question was about exercising everyday in which 62 % said yes while 38% said no. In which 47% males and 15% females have answered yes.97% agree that sedentary lifestyle leads to complications such as obesity. 90% of the students are aware about the increase in sedentary lifestyle among students. 69% have answered that unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity,smoking etc were the common causes of obesity. 95% agree that obesity causes respiratory problems. Almost 95 % students agree that obesity causes systemic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension which will ultimately lead to cardiovascular problems.Chi square test was done between gender and people who are following a healthy diet and exercising daily where p<0.05 which is statistically significant.Our study showed that almost all students were aware about sedentary lifestyle and its complications, but the females in the study have shown that they do not follow a healthy diet and do not exercise regularly which makes them prone to obesity and ultimately cardiovascular problems. To avoid these problems, awareness has to be spread in colleges about the seriousness of obesity and its harmful effects and how to prevent it.