Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Menses


Ruaibah Yazani Tengah; Ashril Yusof; Abd. Halim Mokhtar; Nelfianty Mohd Rasyid

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3978-3989

Understanding the effect of menstrual cycle on kinematics and kinetics of exercise performance is important in the sense that menstrual cycle disrupts the hormonal balance of athletes. Changes in hormonal balance might affect exercise performance, and thus might affect longitudinal adaptations which occur from training, and also with biomechanical changes which increase the likelihood of injury. Twelve well trained elite female athletes voluntarily participated in this study. Thirteen kinematic and kinetic variables were measured via force platform during a counter movement jump exercise. General linear model one way repeated measure (ANOVA) and paired sample t test were used to meet the objective of this study. Three variables namely peak power (p = 0.030), mean power (p = 0.010) and peak velocity (p = 0.016) were significantly differed (p < 0.05) across the three menstrual cycle phases, where a reduction was clearly observed during the menses phase. Based on the results, menses phase was detrimental to exercise performance that requires explosive power component for elite level athletes. Thus, training with aims and goals of developing explosive power adaptation is not recommended to be carried out by elite athletes during their menses, with change of strategy during competition is suggested when a decrease in explosive power output might impair related sports specific performance. As a conclusion, athletes’ menstrual cycle process should be monitored closely with training and competition for performance purposes


Ashinie. C; M. Jeevitha; Mrs.S. Sangeetha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 869-882

Adolescence is an important period of transition from girlhood to womanhood. Menstruation is the physiological process that indicates the onset of puberty. The practice of menstrual hygiene also depends on socioeconomic, cultural and religious differences. Menstrual hygiene plays an important role in the overall health of women. The aim of the study is to analyse the knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls in the Chennai population. A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among 102 girls of Chennai population to analyse their knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene through an online survey. A self administered questionnaire was prepared with 10 closed ended questions and circulated among the parents through online survey forms “Google forms”. The responses were collected and statistically analysed by SPSS using chi square test. The results were represented by bar charts and frequency tables.Among the 102 participants 98.8% of them are aware of menstrual hygiene 96.1% of the girls use sanitary pads as the absorbent, and about 99% of them dispose of their used absorbents in dustbins. 94.1% have knowledge on the effect of not following good menstrual hygiene. The study concludes that the girls of Chennai population have adequate knowledge and good practice of menstrual hygiene