Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Erosive


ORAL LICHEN PLANUS AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH DIABETES MELLITUS - A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

H.Firdus Fareen; Deepika Rajendran; Sri. Rengalakshmi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 945-954

Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disorder of unknown origin. OLP has been reported to be associated with different medical conditions such as diabetes, hepatitis C infection, liver disease, and oral cancer. This study was aimed to evaluate the association of oral lichen planus among diabetes mellitus patients. In this study from June 2019 to March 2020, the clinical records of patients with oral lichen planus were evaluated. Data of age, gender, presence of diabetes mellitus and clinical variants of oral lichen planus were obtained from the records of the private dental college. Chi-square test was used to determine correlation between variables, while the Chi-square test for trends was used to assess the frequency of oral lichen planus patients with diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of oral lichen planus patients with diabetes mellitus was found to be 24.5% with mean age of occurrence was 50-73 years (47.2%) with higher incidence among females (66%). Erosive lichen planus was observed to be the most frequent form of oral lichen planus (49.1%) followed by reticular form (39.6%) and others. The results of this study shows that there was no statistical significant difference seen in patients with oral lichen planus among diabteic mellitus patients (p value >0.05). From the above study it can be concluded that there is no apparent association of diabetes mellitus with oral lichen planus due to the limitation of small sample size as the data was not location specific in this study.There is a need for more studies to be conducted with specific designs such as cohort and case-control studies, especially with larger sample size and involving other perspectives which could be useful in preventing and reducing the incidence of these lesions among diabetes mellitus patients.