Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Permanent dentition


“COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ERUPTION PATTERN OF PERMANENT DENTITION IN RURAL AND URBAN CHILDREN WITH RESPECT TO PRAKRITI”

Dr. Ashish D. Ghurde; Dr. Priti R. Desai; Dr. Sudhindra Baliga; Dr. Rajni Gurmule; Dr. Amol Deshpande

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 1948-1957

Impacted teeth / Unerupted teeth or malalignment of teeth are common problems seen in the children, lack of awareness on dental care is a serious issue in India. As compared to the urban population, the unawareness is significantly observed in the rural population. Also the environmental factors, nutritional status & socioeconomic condition may be the predisposing factors in permanent dentition.While doing the Prakritiparikshan under various aspects, Danta is also considered for deciding the prakriti i.e Vataj, Pittaj and Kaphaj. However, there is mention of relation of eruption pattern of Danta and Prakriti. Objective :Comparison of the eruption pattern of permanent dentition in rural and urban children with respect to Prakriti. Material and Method : A cross sectional observational study was conducted wherein total 210 participants were taken, which included 105 participants each from rural and urban region. As mentioned in methodology, obtained data through observational study was statistically analysed for comparison of eruption pattern of permanent dentition in rural and urban children with respect to Prakriti. Result: The results were interpreted and it was found that no significant difference was found between the eruption pattern of permanent dentition. No association was found with respect to Prakriti in rural an urban area. Conclusion : It is concluded that, no significant difference was observed in the rural and urban children in regard to the eruption of permanent dentition. No association between eruption pattern of permanent dentition and Prakriti was established.

PREVALENCE OF CLASS II DENTAL RELATION IN PERMANENT DENTITION - A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Karthikeson. P.S; Arvind S; Kiran Kumar P

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1121-1127

Malocclusion is a common development disorder which can create a negative impact on children and adults. Angle had classified malocclusion into class I, class II , class III based on upper and lower molars. Prevalence of malocclusion varies among different populations based on their ethnicity. This study aims to find out the prevalence of class II dental relation among permanent dentition patients in our population. The study is done among patients who came to the dental college. Patient data is collected from dental case records of patients with permanent dentition. With the collected data, class II malocclusion prevalence among patients were evaluated. Results were analyzed using SPSS statistical software. Out of 37756 patients, 1017 patients (2.69%) had class II malocclusion among permanent dentition. 52.95% were males and 47.05% were females. Prevalence of Class II div I was higher (88%) than class II div 2 (12%). Chi square test done between type of malocclusion and gender was found to be insignificant with P value of
0.564. Within the limitations of the current study, it was found that prevalence of class II malocclusion was less in our population with no significant difference in distribution among males and females.