Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Spacing


OUTCOME OF INTRA-CAESAREAN PPIUCD INSERTION

Dr. Bhakti kalyankar, Dr. Vijay kalyankar, Dr Shrinivas Gadappa, Dr Saleha kausar, Dr Harshita S .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 2613-2621

Aim of study: To study the acceptance rates of intra-caesarean Post placental Intrauterine contraceptive device insertion and to assess the safety , efficacy , expulsion rates , continuation rates and complications related to intra-caesarean PPIUCD insertion
INTRODUCTION : This study examines the factors responsible for accepting the intra-caesarean PPIUCD insertion and evaluates the safety,  efficacy,  expulsion and continuation rates of intra-caesarean PPIUCD insertion.
Material & Methods: This  Prospective observation study was conducted in at Depatment of Obstetrics and Gynecology Goverment Medical College Aurangabad tertiary care hospital conducted from November 2019 to October 2021. In present study we have enrolled 332 cases during two years. Women fulfilling the inclusion criteria underwent postpartum insertion of IUCD.
Observation & Results: There were no major complaints in either group in Post operative period . At 6 months follow up in PPIUCD users, 3.91% had spontaneous expulsion and 4.21% removed copper T due to various reasons , 95.05% continued to use this method . There were no complications like perforation of uterus, intrauterine pregnancy with copper T, extra uterine pregnancy and infection.
Conclusion: The intra-caesarean PPIUCD insertion was found safe with low rates of expulsion, minimal bleeding tendencies, negligible rate of infection. PPIUCD looks promising as a first choice contraceptive in the eligible ones as a long term, reversible contraceptive in the control of health care , coitus independent,  no interference with breastfeeding and without any systemic side effects.

COMMON CHIEF COMPLAINT OF PATIENT SEEKING ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT

H. Sruthi; Dr.Arvind S; S2Dr.Sri Rengalakshmi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1128-1133

In the earlier days orthodontics was more focused towards rectifying a malocclusion.But nowadays there is a shift towards maintaining the balance between functional efficiency ,structural balance and esthetic harmony. Understanding the perspective of a patient's orthodontic treatment needs helps in better treatment planning.The aim of this study was to identify the major chief complaint of the patient seeking orthodontic treatment.In this retrospective study records of 900 patients undergoing Orthodontic treatment were obtained .Their chief complaints were screened and were classified into esthetics, pain and functional. Esthetics chief complaints were further subdivided into crowding, proclination and spacing
.Results showed that majority of the patients seek orthodontic treatment for esthetic reasons.Among esthetics crowding was found to be the major chief complaint, followed by proclination and spacing

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH FRENAL ATTACHMENT AND FRENECTOMY- A

K. Thirumagal .; Sheeja Varghese; Ravindra Kumar Jain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2010-2020

patients who underwent frenectomy/ frenotomy for high frenal attachment in a dental hospital from June 2019 to March 2020. No gender or age restrictions were. 99 patients were included in the study. Digital case sheets were reviewed and the following data including the details like patients gender, age, site of high frenal attachment, reason for frenectomy were extracted, tabulated and analysed statistically with Chi square test using SPSS version 20. Among those 99 frenectomy cases. The males were ( 43.4%) and females were (56.6%). The prevalence of frenectomy was more in female gender as compared to male gender. The common reason behind frenectomy was spacing (61.6%) and the more common site of high frenal attachment was S2 (Maxillary anterior sextant) (55.5%) compared to S5 (Mandibular anterior sextant). There was a significant difference in the reasons for frenectomy between site(p < 0.05 )and sites underwent frenectomy and age of the patient(p < 0.05).No significant difference in the reasons for frenectomy between males and females (p > 0.05). From the study it can be concluded that the common reason for frenectomy is diastema and the reasons for frenectomy is influenced by the site of high frenal attachment and the age of the patients.