Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Age


Rizky Fawzyana Sarengat, Mohammad Saiful Islam Mohammad Saiful Ardhi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 4685-4689

Background: Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) can cause thromboticcomplications, one of them is ischemic stroke. Stroke is one of the main cause of disability. Age has been shown to be associated with the outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The aim of this study is to prove the correlation between age and clinical outcome as measured by National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS) in acute thrombotic stroke with COVID-19.
Methods: This study usea cross sectional design. The sample in this study was acute thrombotic stroke patients with COVID-19 from March 2020 to May 2021 at the Emergency and Isolation Ward at Dr.Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya. Age and NIHSS datawere taken from medical records when the patient first admitted.
Results:We collected 21 subjects consisting of 12 males and 9 females. The mean age of the subjects was 57.62 ± 10.05, with the youngest age was 37 years old and the oldest was 78 years old. The range of NIHSS ​​in this study was 1-33. We found a positive correlation, with moderate correlation strength, between the age variable and the NIHSS which was statistically significant (r=0.483; p=0.026).
Conclusion: There is a positive correlation between age and clinical outcomes as measured by NIHSS in acute thrombotic stroke patients with COVID-19.

Assessment of correlation between age and the parasympathetic nervous system

Dr. Richa Singh; Dr. Rajiva Kumar Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 5838-5842

Background:The parasympathetic division is primarily involved in relaxation, preparing the body to rest and recover. The present study assessed correlation between age and the parasympathetic nervous system.
Materials & Methods: 84 individuals of both genders were assessed for heart rate variation during deep breathing (Expiration/Inspiration ratio), heart-rate response to standing (30:15 ratio) and heart-rate response to Valsalva maneuver (VM ratio).
Results: Out of 84 subjects, males were 50 and females were 34. There was highly significant negative correlation between age and E:I ratio (P<0.00). There was highly significant negative correlation between age and 30:15 ratio (P< 0.05). There was nonsignificant negative correlation between age and VM ratio (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: There was decline in parasympathetic functions with increasing age


Huldani .; Siti Kaidah; Julia Kasab; Fauziah .; Muhammad Hasan Ridhoni

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1126-1132

Background: Maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 max) is an indicator of the basic concept of physical fitness (physical fitness). The factors that determine VO2 max include heart lung function, age, aerobic muscle metabolism, body obesity, exercise state, genetics, gender, multivitamins. The age of 20-30 years is the peak age of heart and lung endurance, then it will decrease due to increasing age, the person will reduce various sports activities. Methods: This study was conducted to determine differences in VO2 Max in riverbank communities in HST Regency based on age, sex, and cellular immunity (neutrophils and lymphocytes). The samples used were 30 samples each based on adult and elderly age, sex, and neutrophil and lymphocyte examination results. Sampling using simple random sampling on samples that meet the inclusion criteria. VO2 Max is measured by the Rockport method. Data analysis used unpaired t test if the data were normally distributed and Mann Whitney if the data were not normally distributed with a confidence level of 95%. Results: VO2 max values for the less fit and fit men group were 35.7% and 64.3%, respectively. Meanwhile, the VO2 max value for the less fit and fit women group was 62.5% and 37.5%, respectively. The p value of both groups is 0.03. The neutrophil mean of the less fit and fitter groups were 63.5 and 59.1, respectively. The neutrophil mean for the less fit and fitter groups were 27.6 and 31.1, respectively.Conclusion: There are significant differences in VO2 max in groups of women and men, adults and elderly residents of Hulu Sungai Tengah Regency, South Kalimantan. In addition, there was also a significant difference in the percentage of neutrophils and lymphocytes between the VO2 max fitter and less fitter groups.


Claudia Michelle Darjanki; Sonny Perdana; Yunita Purwaningsih; Retno Palupi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 699-708

Background:Dental and oral health problems can have an impact on the ability to chew, bite, swallow or talk, one's appearance, smile and self-esteem, social factors such as eating or talking in front of others, pain or discomfort, which will affect the quality of life of individuals. Purpose:of this study was to determine whether there is a relationship between the age of patients with oral health problems with the quality of life.Method:This research is a descriptive type of research with 118 respondents. The questionnaire completed by the respondent which contained primary data including name, gender, age, disease history, OHIP-14 scale, and five-point scale. Result:Most of the study subjects were respondents who were in the young adult age group (25-44 years), with a higher quality of life score (12.04%). The average results of OHIP scores of subjects with the highest scores stated that subjects in both ages ranges felt disturbed especially in terms of mastication, ingestion, and speech functions by 11.9%. The lowest score is at the point of feeling hard to do any activity at 4.89% and feels easily offended or upset at 5.67%.Conclusion: The result shows a significant difference from the statistical analysis test of OHIP-14 scores according to age. Thus it can be concluded that there is a relationship between the age range in patients with oral health problems with the quality of life.


Baala vignesh .A; Ravindra Kumar Jain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1858-1863

Crossbite is the discrepancy in buccolingual relationship between the upper and lower teeth involving skeletal or dental components. Cross bites can be anterior or Posterior and skeletal or dental and unilaterally present or bilaterally present. Posterior crossbites as and when identified should be corrected since they are known to cause growth impairment. This study was done to report the prevalence of posterior crossbites and gender association in class II malocclusions. This retrospective study was done on case records of the patients who had reported to the orthodontic department, saveetha dental college, in the past 8 months. 1016 class II malocclusion case records in the age range 12-40 yrs were selected for the study, presence of posterior crossbites was evaluated in them and the frequency of crossbites was tabulated and statistical analysis was done in SPSS.The study showed that the overall prevalence of posterior crossbite in class II malocclusions was 3.8 %. single tooth crossbites(73.7%) were more common than multiple teeth crossbite(26.3%). No gender association for posterior crossbites was noted. In conclusion the present study reports a prevalence of 3.8% for posterior crossbites in class II malocclusion and there was no significant gender association.


B Vivek Babu; Dhanraj M; Samuel Raj Srinivasan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1370-1376

Dental injuries result in functional , esthetic and psychological disturbance accompanied by great concern.Traumatic dental injuries are due to the physical impact on a tooth and its surrounding tissues which may be direct or indirect trauma to the teeth may result either injury of pulp, with or without damage of crown or root displacement of the tooth from the socket. The most frequent causes of these injuries are falls, sport activities, bicycling, traffic accidents. A cross sectional retrospective study of, study population will 100 adult patients visiting Saveetha Dental College and Hospital with tooth fracture . Data was gathered and analyzed. The data was tabulated and Chi square analysis done using IBM SPSS software version 20. With the limited population and parameters of this study, there is a more prevalence of tooth fracture in male over females .The most common tooth involved in fracture is 21.Traumatic dental injuries are recognized as a public dental health problem worldwide.

Assessment Of Maxillary Single Complete Denture Treatment In A Private Dental College: A Retrospective Study

A Paul; Ashok V; Deepa Gurunathan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3192-3201

Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the frequency of the number of patients who undergo maxillary single complete denture in a private dental college, Chennai.
Materials and Methods: The data were reviewed from patient records in a private dental college from a particular time period of June 2019 to March 2020. The data collected was then tabulated in excel and exported to SPSS by IBM. The outputs were obtained through statistical analysis..
Results: The results obtained were based on age, the most common age groups found were 44- 49 years. Based on gender, the gender predilection was towards females. The total number of patients who were diagnosed was greater than the number of patients who underwent treatment ( 51.2%) Conclusion: Within the limits of the study, the maxillary complete dentures are the most prevalent in the female gender of the age group 44-49 years of age. The number of patients treated were less compared to the number of patients diagnosed with partial edentulous maxilla.


Sharon keziah.V Sharon keziah.V1; Dr. Deepika Rajendran; Dr. R. Pradeep Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1237-1246

Denture Stomatitis( DS) is one of the common denture related complications in patients wearing dentures after years of denture use. There have been various studies on its prevalence despite the fact that its exact etiology is still unknown. Removable dentures have served as an important prosthesis in dentistry, whereby it helps in regaining the phonetics and masticatory functions as well as esthetics in edentulous patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors that can cause denture stomatitis in denture wearers. This study was designed as a retrospective clinical study. All the patients with removable dentures (Complete dentures , Removable Partial dentures , Cast partial denture ) were taken into account and the data was retrieved. The data was analysed and results were recorded.Out of the 1415 subjects wearing dentures (complete or partial ) , 80 were found to have denture stomatitis in which 57.4% were women and 42.6% were men. The majority of the DS patients were in the age group range of 51-80 years. Temporary partial dentures (50%) were the most prevalent type of prosthesis in patients with denture stomatitis. When the medical history was reviewed most of the patients did not have any underlying systemic diseases(61.1%) did not have any medical condition, (18.5%) were diabetic, (11.1 %) were hypertensive. When all the diabetic patients(2577) were evaluated , 9.32% had denture stomatitis .In the study, it was observed that denture stomatitis was prevalent in elderly patients with slight female predilection. Diabetes was the most prevalent systemic illness associated with denture stomatitis


Karthikeson. P.S; Deepak. S; Kiran Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1204-1210

Endodontic file fracture is an uncommon event. It is important to assess the variations in root and root canal morphology before initiating any endodontic treatment .Occurrence of instrument fracture is reported to range between 0.3% and 16.2% . The aim of the study is to assess the association between age and teeth referred for retrieval of a separated instrument. In this retrospective study a total of 82000 patient records were reviewed and data related to instrument retrieval were extracted and tabulated for data analysis. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software and chi square test was used to determine the occurrence of instrument fracture in patients undergoing root canal treatment based on age and teeth. Occurrence of instrument fracture was found to be highest in the 31 to 41 years age group and there is no relation between age and teeth referred for retrieval of separated instrument.


Inchara. R; Dr. Balaji Ganesh .S,; Dr. Subhashree. R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1150-1158

Menopause is associated with many systemic and oral changes. Many researchers have tried to evaluate the influence of hormonal changes associated with menopause in the periodontium. The aim of this study isto evaluate the furcation sites in postmenopausal women with chronic periodontitis. It is a single centered retrospective study. A total of 215 case records that met the inclusion criteria and were selected for the study. Patient records were collected and evaluated. The data analysis was done using SPSS software.Within the limits of the study, grade II furcations are more common compared to grade I, III and
IV. Furcations are most commonly seen in 16,26,37,46 as compared to other molars. In relation to 46, grade II furcation was more common in the age group of 50-60 years, p value = 0.014 ﹤0.05 which was statistically significant. In relation to 47, Grade II furcation was more common in 50-55 years of age, p
value =0.031﹤0.05, which is statistically significant. Post menopausal women are more prone to poor periodontal health status. There is a need to create awareness about periodontal health and the associated problems in postmenopausal women.


Gayathri R Menon; Kiran Kumar Pandurangan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1691-1700

Tooth wear is a multifactorial condition which can lead to the loss of dental hard tissue which is enamel and dentin. Attrition is mechanical wear of tooth as a result of function or parafunctional habit caused due to tooth to tooth contact. Attrition on the occlusal surfaces of teeth is happening throughout life which results in esthetic disfigurement, occlusal disharmony, pulpal trauma and impaired function. Premilarily diagnosis, treatment and preventive measures of tooth wear is necessity and an important part of day today practice. Hence, the aim of this study is to determine prevalence of tooth wear based on age and gender. A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with age groups of 27-73 years and reviewing the 86,000 patient records between June 2019 to November 2019. A total of 58 patients were evaluated for category, age and gender of tooth wear. The Collected data were recorded by evaluating the clinical photographs and examination. Data were collected and tabulated in the excel sheets which were Imported to the SPSS version 20 for statistical analysis. Out of 58 patients 53.4% were males and 46.6% were females. The prevalence of tooth wear is more among 61-70 years of age with male predilection. The most prevalent type is category 2 followed by category 1 and category 3.


Pratheebha C; Gifrina Jayaraj

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1411-1419

Age is an important factor in clinical practice, research, and court of law. One of the interesting applications of forensic odontology is age estimation by means of teeth. Dental development is relatively independent from other systems maturation. Detectable variation in the tempo of tooth mineralization and duration of tooth maturation between children from different geographical regions were reported. Enamel is translucent and varies in color from light yellow to grey white. The color of the teeth has been reported to be affected by chronological age. Enamel color may also depend on environmental factors viz. diet, occupational habits, vitamin deficiencies, fluoride level in drinking water etc. Enamel color was found to be associated with the chronological age . The enamel color was evaluated using a VITA classical shade guide. Identification of individual age with no birth record can be done using enamel color. Further advance in enamel shade for age estimation with increased sample size would enhance the knowledge and improve the accuracy of methods used in the field of forensic odontology.


SarojiniRamyaPillay .; Jessy P; Remmiya Mary Varghese

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1587-1596

Oral health is a vital part of overall infant health.An early age between 6 months to 12 months dental visit is important in rendering prevention,intervention and parental counselling regarding oral health. Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual potential tissue damage according to internal association for the study of pain. Aim of the study is to assess the association between age of the first dental visit and pain in children. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using the patient records from the Department of pedodontic, Saveetha Dental College,visited from February 2019 to February 2020.The children with first dental visit without the past dental history were collected and from which whosoever first visit with chief complaint of pain data were gathered . The collected Data was then subjected to statistical analysis using spss version 20.0.Overall prevalence of chief complaint of pain during first visit was (96.5%). Among first dental visit with pain about 47.2 % was seen in the age of 6-8 years while the least was (14.0%) seen at the age of 11-13 years.The results proved that many parents were unaware about the right age of the child first dental visit.Most of the parents bought their children to the dentist after their child experienced or suffered from pain.There is a need to raise awareness about the importance of oral health care of their children sensitively at the budding stage of life

Effect Of Age On Taste Perception - A Review

Mabbithasri A; Gifrina Jayaraj; R Gayatri dev

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2941-2948

Taste is a sensation of the gustatory system . Taste sensation along with olfaction is carried out by the trigeminal nerve. Taste receptors are present in the taste buds .Human tongues have papillae mostly on the anterior two-third of the tongue . The taste cells present on the tongue are responsible for the perception of taste.Around 50 years of age taste sensation tends to disappear slowly .the study aims to find and analyse about the effect of age on taste perception.To undergo this review, articles from PUBMED and Google scholar were collected and many other articles were collected from the reference section of other articles.It is found that many factors are responsible for loss of taste sensation like reduction of taste buds , poor oral hygiene ,salivary flow, systemic diseases, smoking, and medication. After referring to many articles it is evident that perception of bitter taste is lost with age. From the current study it is evident that many techniques have been used to detect the taste perception in old age people and the most effective method was threshold perception.

Different Types Of Veneering Techniques Planned For Cases Requiring Smile Correction - A Retrospective Study.

Harsh Kasabwala; Kiran Kumar Pandurangan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3053-3061

Background:Due to the increasing esthetic demands in today's world it becomes necessary to study various treatment options which enhance an overall aesthetics of an individual. One of the most important topics in contemporary dentistry is re-establishing a patient lost dental esthetic appearance. In cases where aesthetics plays an important role such as restoring the anterior teeth, clinicians mostly prefer a conservative yet aesthetic approach instead of restoring the teeth with full coverage crowns. In such situations direct and indirect veneers play an important role. So therefore, it becomes necessary to study direct and indirect veneers.Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of direct and indirect veneers used in smile correction.Materials and Methods:It is designed as a retrospective study. A total of 111 patient records where veneering with direct and indirect technique was planned were acquired. It was done by analysing records of 86000 patient data who were treated from March 2019- March 2020. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the frequency and percentages of direct and indirect veneers . Chi square test was used to evaluate the association between age and gender with the type of veneering technique. SPSS version 20 software was used to perform statistics.Results: Out of the total cases evaluated, 78. 4 % of the cases were planned for indirect veneering and 21.6% of the cases were planned for direct veneering. There was a significant association between age of the patient and the type veneering technique planned p value 0.001 and no significant association between the type of veneering and gender of the patient p value 0.790Conclusion:Within the limitations of the study, Indirect veneering technique was found to be more convenient and it was performed much more as compared to that of direct veneering technique. There is a positive association between age of the patient and type of veneering technique planned for them.