Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : periodontal status

Evaluation of periodontal health status in patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. A systematic review


European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 3867-3885

Background: The transmission of orthodontic forces through the stressed tissue matrix onto the local cells within the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone, stimulate the cells to release proinflammatory, angiogenic and osteogenic agents that activates the process of periodontal ligament and alveolar bone remodelling. Studies have suggested that orthodontic therapy when not fully controlled, may influence the process of inflammation and the destruction of periodontium leading to increased loss of attachment.
Objective: To evaluate updated scientific evidence on the relationship between fixed orthodontic therapy and periodontal health.
Methods: A systematic literature search was performed using the Pubmed and other databases with keywords “orthodontic” and “periodontal” based on PRISMA 2020 guidelines. Articles published from January 2000 to September 2022 were included. The studies that satisfied the inclusion criteria were evaluated and classified as having low, moderate, or high methodology quality.
Results: 12 articles were selected from a total of 864 searched articles after assessing the quality using cochrane ROB 2 assessment tool.
Conclusions: The present systematic analysis suggests that there is moderate scientific evidence that a fixed appliance influences periodontal status; no article reported a high score

Alcoholic liver cirrhosis as wellspring for periodontal indisposition: a case control study

Dr. Aruna N. Daware Dr. Shweta S Bhayade, Dr. Indrajeet Deshpande, Dr. Priyadarshani R Sarkate, Dr. Sucheta Narwat

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3491-3499

Aims: To evaluate the effect of alcoholic liver cirrhosis on health of periodontal status.
Methods and Material: A total of 120 subjects were included in the study between the age group of 35 to 75 years of age. A total of 60 patients diagnosed as alcoholic liver cirrhosis (based on AST: ALT = ˃2) were included in the study. A control group of 60 subjects were included which do not have alcohol consumption habit and not having any systemic problems. Periodontal parameters included Plaque index, gingival index, Number of missing teeth, Probing depth and Clinical attachment loss. Statistical analysis: Statistical Analysis was performed using statistical software SPSS version 17. A post hoc test was done for intergroup comparison of periodontal parameters between the test and control group.
Result: The Plaque Index, gingival index, probing depth and clinical attachment loss has shown a statistically significant difference (p=0.000) when compared between test and control groups. There was no statistically significant difference (p=0.045) found in the number of missing teeth between test and control group.
Conclusion: Alcoholic liver cirrhosis can be considered as one of the risk indicator for periodontal diseases which compromises the periodontal health.

Assessment of periodontal status in subjects with metabolic syndrome

Anupriya Sharma; Ashish Sharma; Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 8311-8315

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a serious universal health problem, is defined as the clustered presence of three or more conditions, including hyperglycaemia, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL-cholesterol and central obesity. The present study assessed the relationship between MetS and Periodontitis. Materials & Methods: In this case control study, 270 patients with metabolic syndrome aged 18-40 years of both genders (Group I) and equal number of age and gender matched healthy controls (n=270,Group II) were enrolled. Periodontal status was assessed using a community periodontal index (CPI). Score 0 (healthy), 1 (bleeding following probing), 2 (presence of dental calculus), 3 (probing pocket depth between 4 and 5 mm) and 4 (probing pocket depth ≥6 mm) was calculated. Results: Out of 540 patients, males were 258 and females were 282. Healthy periodontium was seen in 12% in group I and 45% in group II, bleeding in 5% in group I and 20% in group II, calculus in 20% in group I and 15% in group II, pockets 4- 5mm in 35% in group I and 13% in group II and pockets >6 mm was seen in 28% in group I and 7% in group II. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: There was poor periodontal status in patients with metabolic syndrome as compared to healthy subjects


Inchara. R; Dr. Balaji Ganesh .S,; Dr. Subhashree. R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1150-1158

Menopause is associated with many systemic and oral changes. Many researchers have tried to evaluate the influence of hormonal changes associated with menopause in the periodontium. The aim of this study isto evaluate the furcation sites in postmenopausal women with chronic periodontitis. It is a single centered retrospective study. A total of 215 case records that met the inclusion criteria and were selected for the study. Patient records were collected and evaluated. The data analysis was done using SPSS software.Within the limits of the study, grade II furcations are more common compared to grade I, III and
IV. Furcations are most commonly seen in 16,26,37,46 as compared to other molars. In relation to 46, grade II furcation was more common in the age group of 50-60 years, p value = 0.014 ﹤0.05 which was statistically significant. In relation to 47, Grade II furcation was more common in 50-55 years of age, p
value =0.031﹤0.05, which is statistically significant. Post menopausal women are more prone to poor periodontal health status. There is a need to create awareness about periodontal health and the associated problems in postmenopausal women.


Oviya. V. J; Srirengalakshmi .; Deepa Gurunathan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2095-2103

Multidisciplinary management is essential when the canine fails to erupt on time. This requires combined surgical and orthodontic intervention. Good periodontal status is necessary for the positive outcome of treatment. Hence the objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of gingival recession in disimpacted canines. A retrospective study was conducted. Data collection was done through reviewing 86000 patients who had visited a hospital in Chennai from June(2019) to March(2020). A total of 6 patients who had undergone disimpaction of canine were evaluated. Data such as age, gender, site of impaction, presence of gingival recession were noted. The data was analysed statistically through IBM SPSS software. The study group belonged to the age group ranging 13-21. Disimpaction was performed higher among males(66.6%) compared to females. Among the samples, about 57.14% of canines were palatally impacted. No gingival recession was seen in the study sample. The incidence of gingival recession in the disimpacted canines was not statistically significant and did not reach clinical significance due to very less sample size.