Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : FPD


PREVALENCE OF ERRORS IN TOOTH PREPARATION IN PATIENTS VISITING A UNIVERSITY DENTAL HOSPITAL- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Anupama Deepak; Dhanraj Ganapathy; M. Jeevitha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1269-1280

Tooth preparation is a procedure done for replacements of missing teeth, where it not only reduces the tooth structure but also preserves the biological value of the tooth. These are carried out for Fixed Partial Dentures and Full Mouth Rehabilitation. Fixed partial dentures are commonly done in cases of single missing tooth as it mainly depends upon the span length and the abutment health. The abutment teeth play a main role in partial dentures where replacements depend upon the abutment health. The aim of this cross sectional study was to determine the prevalence of errors in tooth preparation. The sample size of this study was 200 subjects. This study is conducted in a university setting, Chennai. Data was collected from a digital case sheet record of 200 subjects and coding was done in MS Excel sheets and statistically analysed using IBM SPSS Version 20.0. Chi square tests were used to analyse the data statistically. These data were then graphically represented. In this study, prevalence of various errors in tooth preparation were noticed, among which over reduction (67.5%), under reduction (93%) and gingival damage (75%) were more prevalent among other errors in tooth preparation. Damage is mostly seen on the posterior regions especially in the mandibular distal aspects. To prevent these errors, low speed handpieces and proper equipment with utmost care should be provided. Therefore in conclusion, tooth preparation can lead to various errors and care has to be taken while doing tooth preparation.

PREVALENCE OF VARIOUS ADJUNCTIVE TREATMENT INVOLVED IN FIXED PARTIAL DENTURE - RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Chaitanya Shree P .; Subhashree R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2049-2055

According to the clinical condition and diagnostic findings, American College of prosthodontics (ACP) have developed a classification for partially edentulous patients. They are based on 4 criteria and each is based on 4 classification. The 4 criteria is based on location and extent of the edentulous span, condition of the abutment tooth ( localised adjunctive treatment, insufficient tooth structure), occlusal plane and the condition of the edentulous ridge. This classification is done to provide potential benefits to the clinicians and plan a proper treatment planning for the patients undergoing dental prosthesis. The adjunctive treatment are Periodontal treatment, endodontic treatment and orthodontic treatment involving any of the sextant. Fixed partial denture (FPD) is one of the most commonly employed treatments for replacement of missing teeth. Most of the patients prefer for a fixed replacement of the missing tooth. One such option is fixed partial denture. Splinting the adjacent teeth and replacing the missing teeth is how a fixed partial denture is done. The abutment teeth evaluation and its dental status is at most important for the success of the fixed partial denture. If there is any compromise in the dental status of the abutment teeth, adjunct therapy is done. This study aimed to identify the localised adjunctive treatment involved in the patient who had fixed partial denture treatment in a private dental hospital setup.