Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Hepatitis B


To determine the Knowledge, attitudes and practices of medical students concerning hepatitis B and hepatitis C

Dr. Kartikeya Khanna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 9790-9795

Aim: To determine the Knowledge, attitudes and practices of medical students
concerning hepatitis B and hepatitis C
Methods: A questionnaire-based research was carried out among medical students. The
questions focused on knowledge and attitudes of Hepatitis B and C infections. The
research included 100 MBBS students in total. To measure Knowledge, Attitude, and
Practices Regarding Hepatitis B and C, a pretested proforma incorporating a
questionnaire was employed.
Results: This questionare research included 100 MBBS students in total. Respondents
were knowledgeable with hepatitis B risk factors, including contaminated blood
transfusions (98 percent), needle sharing (97 percent), infected mother-to-child
transmission (88 percent), unsafe sexual intercourse (94 percent), and tattooing/piercing
(85 percent). Hepatitis B may be transferred by a needle stick injury, according to 87
percent of pupils. None of the pupils had ever been harmed by a needle poke. Only 35
pupils (35%) were aware of universal safety requirements. Respondents were aware of
Hepatitis C risk factors, such as contaminated blood transfusions. 88 percent were
aware of needle sharing, 81 percent were aware of sick mother to child transmission, 63
percent were aware of risky sexual contact, and 64 percent were aware of
tattooing/piercing.
Conclusion: The medical students' knowledge and attitude toward Hepatitis B and C
are adequate. To limit the spread of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, medical students must
be sensitised to the many features of the illness and vaccinated via an active health
education campaign.

SALIVA AND VIRAL INFECTIONS - A REVIEW

Keerthana B; Gifrina Jayaraj; Gayathri R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1377-1383

Viruses cause familiar infections and diseases like common cold, flu. They invade living, normal cells and use those cells to multiply and produce colonies of cells.Viral infection is a proliferation of harmful viruses inside the body. Viruses infect the host body by introducing their genetic material into the cells. The main aim of this study is to explore detailed information about saliva and viral infections. This research is seen as a scoping literature review. In seeking to identify the relevant articles, we used common databases such as the Pubmed and Google scholar online websites. Totally 27 articles are found related to the topic. 12 articles are used in this study. From the articles collected and reviewed, it is understood that viral infections can transmit through the saliva and oral specimens, though saliva protects the body from infections. It is concluded that, as saliva has become the transmitter of the virus, we should maintain proper oral hygiene and oral health to prevent these viruses. Future studies have to be done on the viral infections causing cancer.