Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Age Estimation

Estimation of Age by Epiphyseal Union at the Lower End of Radius and Ulna by X Ray Examination in Kashmiri Population

Nasreena Shabnum, Ishtiyaq Abdullah, Burhan Bhat, Pramod Doode, Partha Sarthi Bhattacharya

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 3412-3421

Background: Age estimation can be a critical part of Forensic investigations. The age has to be determined not only for identification purposes but also for various civil and criminal purposes. Age at which the epiphysis of bones fuse varies depending on health, hereditary, nutritional, endocrine and environmental factors affecting the people of the different regions, it cannot be reasonably expected to formulate a uniform standard for the appearance and fusion of the epiphyseal centres. The present study is an effort to estimate age among males and females by studying X-ray of distal end of radius and ulna. The age at which complete fusion was seen at distal end of radius and ulna among males and females is noted with help of data obtained in the present series.
Materials& Methods: A hospital based prospective study done on 200 cases (100 males and 100 females) in the age group of 15 to 21 years at orthopedic surgery department and Radiology department at GMC Baramullah, Kashmir, India during period between December 2020 to January 2022. They were selected by random sampling and confirming the age by birth certificate, ration card, passport or matriculation certificate whosoever came for x-ray. The Chronological Age of each subject was calculated using information on the certificate received for proof of Birth date. The purpose was explained to the subjects and written informed consent was obtained for the x-ray. X-ray of wrist joint showing lower end of Radius and Ulna in AP position were taken in all subjects.
Results: Among males & females no fusion was seen at distal end of radius & ulna before the age group of 17-18 years & 16-17 years respectively. 100% of males showed Degree 3 (complete fusion) at the distal end of radius & ulna after the age group of 18-19 years. 100% of females showed Degree 3 (complete fusion) at the distal end of radius after the age group of 17-18 years & distal end of ulna after the age group of 18-19 years.

Study of Age Estimation from Sternum: An Institutional Based Analysis

Nandini Pegu, Netramoni Kakati

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 5, Pages 620-624

Introduction: Age estimation is one of the major parameters in the estimation of skeletal remains in forensic anthropology caseworkseries.The present investigation is an attempt to study the fusion of manubrium and xiphoid process with mesosternum in 70 sterna (49 males and 21 females) of known age obtained during autopsy.The current study has been conducted to estimate the age of an individuals based on the fusion and non-fusion of the sternum.
Materials and Methods: After obtaining prior permission from the institutional ethical committee, the study sample included those in the age range between 10 – 80 years that might include both the gender. This study included 70 sternums from the cadavers that include 49 males and 21 females.
Results: Age group of 21 – 30 reported to have greater study samples followed by 0 – 20 and 31 – 40. Greater number of fusions is seemed to be reported in Group – II (21 – 30 years).
Conclusion: To conclude, as the age progresses, the proportion of male and female cases, showing fusion at mesosternoxiphisternal and manubrio-mesosternal junctions increases. Manubrio-mesosternal junction was seemed to be very variable with regard to its fusion status as the joint remained unfused even in some of the elderly ages. Fusion is completed at the age of 40 years in male and 45 years in female



European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1821-1826

Forensic odontology is a speciality in dentistry which occupies a primary niche within the total spectrum of methods applied to medico legal identifications. Forensic odontology deals with human identifications based on dental records, bite marks, lip prints, tooth prints and palatal rugae patterns. This article primarily aims at making general practitioners aware about the importance of keeping various types of dental records and its implication in forensic odontology.


Sundar R; Gifrine Jayaraj; Gayathri R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1404-1410

Cementum is a surface layer which is seen below the radicular dentin. It is near to the neck region of the tooth and thick at the root apex. It is formed by the cells known as cementoblast. Cementum helps the tooth to be attached to the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone through the sharpey’s fibre. Cementum helps in the repair and regeneration of damaged teeth. It has a high anti-absorption capacity. Age estimation using cementum technique is reliable to the teeth which is not affected by periodontal disease. Combined method of biological age estimation had high correlation when compared to public symphysis morphology and similar error were found among both the methodsThe literature search on age estimation using cementum as carried out for papers published from google scholar and pubmed with the intention of retrieving all original reports that were relevant to it. This review helps to provide deeper understanding about age estimation using cementum which benefits the dentist and forensic department.