Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Dental fluorosis


PREVALENCE OF DENTAL FLUOROSIS AMONG OUT PATIENTS OF DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS REPORTING TO PRIVATE DENTAL COLLEGE, CHENNAI- A HOSPITAL BASED CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Jerusha Santa Packyanathan; Jayashri Prabakar; Ganesh Jeevanandan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1555-1564

Fluoride is a double edged sword. It possesses cariostatic property and can also cause developmental disturbances. Cariostatic effects prevent the carious decay, increasing the mineral solubility and remineralization. But with higher doses it manifests as dental fluorosis. enamel hypo mineralization manifests as mild white lesions, Pitting forming horizontal lines or large pigmented (brown to black) defects. There must be an equilibrium between the caries prevention and fluoride contribution to enamel pathology. The main aim of the study is to estimate the prevalence of dental fluorosis and to estimate the severity of fluorosis based on Dean’s fluorosis index. This is a record based study with a sample size of 210, irrespective of the gender. The study was conducted at the institution and the data was collected from the patient records. The data was categorised into age groups, gender and Dean’s fluorosis index. The coding was done in MS excel. The data was transferred to a host computer and processed using SPSS software version 21.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) by tabulation and graphical illustration. Descriptive statistics was used to study the data collected and to analyse frequency distribution. The results showed that prevalence of Dental Fluorosis is highest in the 21- 30 years age group (64%). 70% of the population were males. The severity of the fluorosis was predominantly moderate (33%) among the overall population, 2% of the population had questionable form of fluorosis, 22% reported with very mild forms of fluorosis, 27% had mild forms of the fluorosis and only 16% had severe manifestations of the disease. The prevalence of fluorosis was not associated with the age and gender of the patient (p value>0.05)

SEVERITY OF DENTAL FLUOROSIS AMONG PATIENTS VISITING A PRIVATE DENTAL INSTITUTION- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

B. John Rozar Raj .; Samuel Raj Srinivasan; Niveditha. M.S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1980-1986

Dental fluorosis is a specific disturbance in tooth formation caused by excessive fluoride intake during the development of tooth. The aim of this study was to assess the severity of dental fluorosis in a private dental institution. This was a retrospective institutional study. Samples were collected from June 2019 to March 2020 from patient records who visited a private dental hospital. Data of dental fluorosis was collected. Excel tabulation was done. SPSS results were obtained. P<0.05 considered significant. In the present study, 191 patients had dental fluorosis. Among patients with dental fluorosis, percentage of mild fluorosis was 50%, percentage of moderate fluorosis was 26%, percentage of very mild fluorosis was 12% and 7% percentage of severe fluorosis was found. Further, 7% had questionable fluorosis. From the present study we can conclude that the frequency of mild dental fluorosis was more among the patients who visited our dental institution in chennai. Males had higher prevalence of dental fluorosis as compared to females and greater frequency of dental fluorosis was found in the age group of 16 to 30 years, However, the results were not statistically significant.