Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Etiology


PATTERNS & INCIDENCE OF MANDIBULAR FRACTURES: AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY

Dr. Rakesh Kumar; Dr. Purva Kulkarni; Dr. Jayendra Purohit; Dr. Abin Ann Abraham; Dr. Vipindas A P; Dr. Sameera Qureshi Mohd Rehman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 7144-7149

 Aim: The purpose of our research was to study various patterns as well as incidence of mandibular population amongst Indian population. Methodology: The medical records of 1842 patients with mandibular fractures treated
over a 3 years period were identified and analyzed supported age, sex, mechanism of trauma, seasonal variation, drug/alcohol abuse, number and anatomic location Results: 464 Patients who were in age range of 7 to 89 years participated in the study. The highest incidence (37.5%) of mandibular fractures was in the age group of 21–30 years. Most prominent cause for mandibular fracture was due to road traffic accidents which accounted for 68.8 % of all cases followed by free falls as well as assault cases. It was observed that parasymphyseal fracture was the most common site affected in mandible and the least affected was the angle of mandible. Mandibular angle
fractures were found mostly to be related to assault victims. Conclusion: The mechanism of injury correlates significantly with the anatomic location of fracture and knowledge of those associations should guide the surgeons for appropriate and timely management.

DENTINAL HYPERSENSITIVITY

Dr. S.Aafiya Reshma; Dr K.M.K. Masthan; Dr N.Aravindha Babu; N. Anitha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1752-1760

The main aim of this review article is to provide information about Dentin Hypersensitivity(DH). Dentin Hypersensitivity ,a common condition of the teeth, characterized by short sharp pain arising from exposed dentinal tubules in response to stimuli. The article reviews its clinical features, pathogenesis, mechanism, diagnosis, prevention and management. The diagnosis should be accurate and all the differential diagnosis should be omitted. Desensitization remains the major choice for dentin hypersensitivity. The basic principle of treatment of dentin hypersensitivity is to block the patent tubules or block pulpal nerve response.

RESULTS OF MOLECULAR GENETIC ANALYSIS OF MTR AND MTRR GENES IN CHILDREN WITH AUTISM

Majidova Yakutkhan; Farangisbonu Doniyorova; Nargiza Ergasheva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1666-1672

Statistically significant association of allele G and hetero A/G,
homozygous genotype G/G polymorphism rs1801394 MTRR gene with risk of autism
development was revealed. The presence of allele A and genotype A/A polymorphism of the
rs1801394 MTRR gene reduces the risk of autism. Identification of allele G increased the
risk of autism by 1.4 times compared to the presence of allele A (95% CI = 0.68-2.93, df=1).
The presence of the allele G of MTR A2756G polymorphism correlates with an increased
risk of autism.

External cervical resorption: A Review

Dhakshinamoorthy Malarvizhi; Tamizharasan Sangavi; Arumugam Karthick; Paramasivam Vivekanandhan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2093-2099

External cervical resorption (ECR) is a type of external root resorption. ECR is relatively uncommon and the etiology is not very clear. Often misdiagnosed leading to improper management or tooth loss.Clinicallyit’s often asymptomatic unless pulpal or periodontal involvement begins. ECR is mostly noted in routine radiograph. Accurate assessment of the true nature and accessibility of ECR is important for its effective management