Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Calcium


Organoleptic Evaluation of Calcium and Protein-rich snacks Developed from Macrotyloma uniflorum, Papaver somniferum and Sesamum indicum using TOPSIS

Shelly Garg, Dr Luxita Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3526-3537

Horse gramis used as a remedy for kidney stones, bronchial asthma, bronchitis, leukoderma, urinary discharges, heart diseases and piles. Besides, it also possesses anti-diabetic, anti-ulcer interest and helps in nutritional management of obesity due to the presence of beneficial bioactive compounds.The opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) produces a variety of extensively used medicinal alkaloids like morphine, codeine, thebain and porphyroxine which might be the maximum important element of this plant. It is used as analgesic, narcotic, sedative, stimulant in addition to nutritive, and so forth. It is also beneficial in headache, cough, insomnia, cardiac asthma, and biliary colic.Sesame seeds likewise contain two exceptional substances: sesamin and sesamolin known to have a cholesterol bringing impact in people and down to forestall hypertension. Cephalin, a phospholipid from sesame seed has been accounted for to have haemostatics action.The product is made by using different methods including soaking, drying, grinding, roasting and microwave baking. Overall, 4 samples have been advanced to determine the most ideal food product thru sensory evaluation by using different individuals.Statistical tests like MAHP and TOPSIS were used to rank the samples. Sample D shows both highest ranking in TOPSIS as well as high hedonic rating, among all four samples containing 40% horse gram, 35% poppys seeds and 25% sesame seeds. The aim of the product developed is to prevent and control Calcium deficiency. Apart from this, the product is calorie dense; rich in protein, omega fatty acids and antioxidant, which are required in building immunity.

Organoleptic Evaluation of Calcium and Protein-rich snacks Developed from Macrotyloma uniflorum, Papaver somniferum and Sesamum indicum using TOPSIS

Shelly Garg, Dr Luxita Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 9122-9132

Horse gramis used as a remedy for kidney stones, bronchial asthma, bronchitis,
leukoderma, urinary discharges, heart diseases and piles. Besides, it also possesses antidiabetic,
anti-ulcer interest and helps in nutritional management of obesity due to the
presence of beneficial bioactive compounds.The opium poppy (Papaver somniferum)
produces a variety of extensively used medicinal alkaloids like morphine, codeine, thebain
and porphyroxine which might be the maximum important element of this plant. It is used
as analgesic, narcotic, sedative, stimulant in addition to nutritive, and so forth. It is also
beneficial in headache, cough, insomnia, cardiac asthma, and biliary colic.Sesame seeds
likewise contain two exceptional substances: sesamin and sesamolin known to have a
cholesterol bringing impact in people and down to forestall hypertension. Cephalin, a
phospholipid from sesame seed has been accounted for to have haemostatics action.The
product is made by using different methods including soaking, drying, grinding, roasting and
microwave baking. Overall, 4 samples have been advanced to determine the most ideal food
product thru sensory evaluation by using different individuals.Statistical tests like MAHP
and TOPSIS were used to rank the samples. Sample D shows both highest ranking in
TOPSIS as well as high hedonic rating, among all four samples containing 40% horse gram,
35% poppys seeds and 25% sesame seeds. The aim of the product developed is to prevent
and control Calcium deficiency. Apart from this, the product is calorie dense; rich in protein,
omega fatty acids and antioxidant, which are required in building immunity.

AFFECTIVE-RESPIRATORY PAROXYSMS IN CHILDREN: CLINICALNEUROLOGICAL ASPECTS

Ya.N. Madjidova; U.T. Babajanova; V.K. Abdullaeva; Sh.A. Shirmatov; Khalilova A.A

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1673-1679

Introduction. Affective-respiratory paroxysm (ARP) or breath-holding spells is a
common phenomenon that occurs in children from 6 months to 6 years. Up to 90% of
children experience ARP for the first time before the age of 18 months. The mechanism of
the condition is still unclear. Scientists have found that children with breath-holding spells
are much more likely to be diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia and, perhaps, it
contributes to the development of pathology. 20-35% of children have a burdened family
history. Some families have a dominant type of inheritance.
Materials and Methods. The algorithm for examining children included: general
clinical, neurological and psychological examination of children, conducting laboratory
research, registration of an electroencephalogram, according to indications, conducting an
echocardiographic study. We examined 50 children with ARP aged 6 months to 6 years.
Research was carried out in the clinic of the Tashkent Pediatric Medical Institute. The
diagnosis of ARP was established based on the history provided by mothers and
observations of seizures. Paroxysms were defined as stopping the baby's breathing at
exhalation after deep inhalation during crying. Paroxysms were classified as cyanotic,
pale, and mixed.
Results. A detailed study of the passage of the ante-, intra- and postnatal periods
made it possible to determine the significance of various unfavorable factors such as
anemia (p <0.05), toxicosis (p <0.01), acute respiratory infections (p <0.1), stress, use of
obstetric aids (p <0.05) and birth trauma. (p <0.1). In addition to perinatal risk factors, 13
(28%) children were found to have a hereditary predisposition to ARP and 4 children (8%)
to epilepsy. In most cases, seizures began at 6–12 months of age (38%). According to our
observations, the main provoking factors of seizures were: anger, inability to get what you
want - 70%, pain - 18%, fear - 12%. At clinical and neurological examination in children,
ARP of neurotic nature (82%) prevailed over affectively provoked syncope (10%) and
"epileptic" ARP (8%). The seizures in most cases were characterized by a typical course,
medium duration and high frequency. When assessing psychoemotional and behavioral
characteristics, children with ARP were more sensitive, intense, persistent, active, less
distracted, and differed in mood variability compared to healthy children. According to the
indicators of the functional state of the autonomic nervous system in children of the main
group, the initial autonomic tone was characterized by sympathicotonia, normal autonomic
reactivity was recorded significantly less than in the control group (p <0.05). According to
the results of laboratory studies, anemia (88%) and hypocalcemia (82%) were significantly
more common in children with ARP. Analysis of electroencephalographic data revealed:
signs of age norm - in 14 (28%) children, signs of dysfunction of nonspecific midline
structures of the brain - in 6 (12%) children, general cerebral changes. - in 3 (6%)

The Influence Of Lemuru Nugget Giving Against Protein, Calcium, Zinc And Z-Score HG / U Intake Of Class 1 Elementary School Children Stunting In The Work Area Of Pantai Labu Health Center, Deli Serdang Regency

Oslida Martony; Dini Lestrina; Novriani Tarigan; Ginta Siahaan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4569-4581

Failure of Height Growth (HG) results in human resources being unable to compete in the era of globalization, affecting work productivity, increasing the risk of obesity and triggering the metabolic syndrome. The incidence of stunting in school children is quite high, including North Sumatra with a prevalence of 42.3%. During the growth period of very high bone mineralization, low intake of protein, calcium and zinc influences linear growth. Growth failure is caused by inadequate intake of one or more nutrients. Aged 5-12 years is an opportunity to catch up and improve height. Objective: To determine the effect of lemuru fish nuggets on protein, calcium, zinc and Z-Score HG / U intake for grade 1 elementary school children who are stunted. Research Methods: the study was conducted in April-June 2018, quasi-experimental with a pre and post-test design, a sample of 31 people treated and 36 controls. The treatment group was given lemuru fish nuggets for 30 days for 75 gr—data collection using 2x24 hour Food Recall method, five-day food recording and HG measurement. The data collected was processed using T dependent test data analysis with α = 0.05. Results: There were significant differences in the average values of protein, calcium and zinc intake before and after administration of lemuru fish nuggets, these differences in intake affected the average Z-Score HG / U values, the treatment group was higher than the control. Suggestion: to the sample mother to continue giving food made from fish containing high protein, calcium and zinc in the daily menu, so that the lagging of HG growth can be pursued.

A Two-Dimensional Model To Estimate The Effect Of Calcium Diffusion In Circular Shape Hepatocyte

Vijendra Singh Rawat; Rinku Mathur

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 3519-3530

Hepatocyte is the primary functional cell of the liver. More than 80 % of liver is constructed by the hepatocyte cell. Calcium is working as a second messenger. The particular cytosolic Ca2+ level in hepatocyte cell is responsible for frequently working of the liver. In signal transduction calcium play an essential role in hepatocyte cell. Many biological processes are controlled by the calcium like secretion, muscular contraction, cell differentiation, movement of cell, signaling in cell and processes of buffering etc. Diffusion of calcium in the cell is represented by the reaction-diffusion equations. Here two-dimensional model is developed to estimate the effect of the essential biophysical parameters as association coefficient, bound buffer, influx and coefficient of diffusion over profiles of calcium on hepatocyte cell. The aim of the study is to analyze the effect of cytosolic calcium diffusion in hepatocyte cell when the buffer is present in large amount. The results have been used to establish the relationships among various biophysical parameters.

Using Fourier Transform Infrared and chemical Analysis for differential between Gallbladder stone diseases

Antesar Rheem Obead

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 4342-4349

Background:- the aim of the present study was to evaluate component of variety color of gallstone samples using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic Technique (FTIR) , also study the cost and simple method of Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic Technique (FTIR) compare with result of quantitative chemical analysis like total cholesterol, calcium , total bilirubin , total protein . Material and method:- the material in the study were gallstones removed from 140 patient ( 94 female, 46 male) after surgical. All samples were stored in sterile dried counter and used for FTIR spectral analysis and quantitative chemical analysis. Result :-the results of FTIR were suggested that cholesterol and mixed gallstones content were a major component , cholesterol gallstones were characterized by the band 2949,1456,1053 cm -1 , while in mixed stones the band of cholesterol between 2800-3000 cm1 due to asymmetrical stretch vibration of CH2 and CH3group, and quantitative chemical analysis were explained the cholesterol stones and mixed stones were higher cholesterol compared to pigmented stones which were richer in total bilirubin and total protein. Conclusion:-the investigation were suggested thatFourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic Technique (FTIR) is the less cost and simple method to find component of differential gallstone samples and this method conformed the cholesterol and mixed with calcium carbonate , bilirubin and total protein is the major component of human gallstones from Babylon,Iraq.