Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Balance


Effect Of Open And Closed Kinematic Chain Ankle Exercises On Improving Proprioception And Balance A Systematic Review

Thanthoni S; Pavithra S; Prathap Suganthirababu; Kumaresan A; Vignesh Srinivasan; Priyadharshini Kumar; Divyalaxmi P; Aravind Ganesh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 307-315

Background: The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of open and closed kinematic chain ankle exercise on improving balance and proprioception.
Aim:This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of open and closed kinematic chain ankle exercises on improving proprioception and balance. The study emphasizes the effect of balance, proprioception.
Methods:The objective of the study was approached with Systematic review study design and database used to look for articles include Cochrane Library Trials, PubMed Central, PEDro, Rehab data, Research Gate, and SAGE Journals. We collected 134 articles between the year1989to 2020 and analysed stratergiocally using PRISMA guideline and 3 were selected for analysis based on its relevance with selection procedures.
Result:The studies included investigated the prevalence of reduced balance, proprioception,open and closed kinematic exercises .
Conclusion:The study showed that there mightis an marginal effect of open and closed kinematic chain ankle exercise on improving proprioception, balance and further studies are needed to prove its significance.

EFFECTS OF DANCE-BASED MOVEMENT THERAPY ON BALANCE AND PREVENTING FALL IN CEREBELLAR ATAXIA: A CASE STUDY

Thanthoni S; Kumaresan A; Jagatheesan Alagesan; Aravind Ganesh; Rajkumar Krishnan Vasanthi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 402-409

Background: Individuals with cerebellar ataxia in its later stages frequently have major balance and immobility issues. There are currently no effective rehabilitation programmes for people with cerebellar ataxia that can assist them improve their motor impairment.
Objective of the study:

To determine the efficacy of dance-based movement therapy on balance in subjects with cerebellar ataxia, as well as to determine the effects of dance-based movement therapy on preventing falls in cerebellar ataxia subjects.
To determine the effects of dance-based movement therapy on balance in subjects with cerebellar ataxia, as well as to determine the effects of dance-based movement therapy on preventing falls in cerebellar ataxia subjects.

Effectiveness Of Kinect Based Games On Balance And Gait In Geriatrics: A Single Case Study

Keerthana A k; Kumaresan A; Prathap Suganthirababu; Vignesh Srinivasan; Priyadharshini Kumar; Aravind Ganesh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 8, Pages 356-364

Background:
Every year, about 20% of the elderly in the United States suffer from balance issues. 68 percent of these patients have an unbalanced state and fear of fall. Balance problems are particularly frequent among the elderly, and they increase the chance of falling and constitute a serious health risk. Balance problems can significantly restrict everyday activities and are linked to depression and a lower quality of life.
Aim: The aim of this research isdetermining the effectiveness of kinect based games on balance and gaitin geriatrics.

Effect of an Eight-Week PNF Training of the Lower Extremities on the Static, Dynamic, and Functional Balance in Elderly Women Aged 60-70 Years

Abdorreza Eghbal Moghanlou, Abdullah Demirli

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 6573-6585

Loss of muscle strength and joints range of motion associated with aging are the main causes of balance deficit and falling in the elderly, and training using proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) may be effective in improving these factors. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of an eight-week PNF training of the lower extremitiesin improving the static, dynamic, and functional balance among elderly women aged 60-70 years.  To this end, a pre-test and post-test quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Participants (30 elderly women, age 69.26±3.72 years, weight 67.26±5.91 kg, height 155.78±4.64 cm) were randomly assigned into two groups of the experiment (training group, n = 15) and control (daily life activities, n = 15). The training intervention consisted of eight weeks (24 sessions of 50 minutes, three sessions per week) of PNF training of the lower extremities. The static, dynamic and functional balance were measured in the pre-test and the post-test using the Sharpened Romberg Test, the Timed Up and Go Test, and the Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale, respectively. The Results revealed significant improvements in the experiment group in terms of static balance with eyes open (20.48%), static balance with eyes closed (54.70%), dynamic balance (26.60%), and functional balance (12.37%, all p ≤ 0.001). Comparison of the groups in the post-test showed that the experiment group significantly was better than the control group in static balance with eyes open (p < 0.001), static balance with eyes closed (p < 0.001), dynamic balance (p = 0.019) and functional balance (p = 0.006). Based on the findings, an eight-week PNF training of the lower extremities is effective in improving static, dynamic and functional balance in elderly women; where the ability of static balance with eyes closed receives the most influence from the training

The impact of galvanic vestibular stimulation on elderly balance

Faten Mohamed Hassan; Akram Abd- Elaziz; Hany Ezzat Obaya; Shawky A. Fouad

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1833-1846

Background: Imbalance still a common and fatal problem among the elderly population, increasing morbidity and mortality rate in society among the elderly, This study assessed the efficacy of galvanic vestibular stimulation on balance in the elderly.
Subjects and methods: Forty elderly patients of both sexes (23male and 17female) their age ranged from 60 to 70 years old were selected from the outpatient clinic of the Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University. The forty patients were divided into two groups; each group consisted of twenty patients. Group (A) performed a program of balance exercises in addition to galvanic vestibular stimulation 3times/week and group (B) control group performed a program of traditional balance exercises. The balance was assessed at the beginning of the study and after 12 weeks of treatment.
Results: Showed that there are no significant differences (P>0.05) for Biodex scores of both groups as the post- treatment mean values ± SD of the biodex scores for both groups (A and B) were (3.70±1.69 and 4.19±1.70), respectively and no significant differences for functional reaching test scores (P<0.05) as the post- treatment mean values ± SD of functional reaching test scores for both groups (A and B) were (21.61±2.44 and20.26±2.99), respectively.
Conclusion: it was found that galvanic vestibular stimulation was not considered an effective intervention in improving balance in elderly > 60 years.

Need of Comprehensive Physiotherapy in Multiple Sclerosis: A Narrative Review

Archana Choudhary; Dr. Amandeep Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4754-4761

Multiple Sclerosis is a chronic progressive and debilitating disease of adults which attacks myelin sheath in brain and spinal cord, leading to problems with coordination, balance, spasticity, muscle control, disability, gait disturbances and other basic bodily functions. The course of disease is highly unpredictable which greatly vary among MS patients. In majority MS attacks young adults which significantly affect the quality of life at an early stage of life. As far there is no known cure has been established for MS and patients are profoundly depends on DMDs to improve their physical as well as mental symptoms although the treatments are very expensive. Patients with MS usually do not involve in physical activity due to afraid of worsening of pre-existing symptoms or might get a relapse. Physicians now believe that exercises can play a crucial role in preventing deconditioning and to improve physical and mental symptoms as well as may have possible neuroprotective role in MS. This article reviews the effects of Physical therapy interventions on pathophysiology and on specific impairments in MS patients, and emphasizes a productive role of physical rehabilitation in PwMs.
Methods
A comprehensive literature search was done by formulating the research questions such as effects/role /benefits of exercises in MS (PubMed, SweMed, NCBI, Cochrane, Elsevier, Wiley online Library, Hindawi)

Historical Analysis Of Military Industry And Trade In Russia In The Early Twentieth Century

Kholliev Azizbek Guzalovich; Gabrielyan Sofya Ivanovna; Biykuziev Asxat Abdunabievich; Rozakov Abdurasul Abdurahmonovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 5206-5213

Associate Professors of department "World History" National University of Uzbekistan
Abstract: The article presents the directions and trends in the development of military industry and trade of the Russian Empire in the early twentieth century. The processes involved in attracting foreign investment to the Russian military industry have been analyzed from a historical perspective. Russia's trade relations with foreign countries are also covered in this article.

METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES OF THE ANALYSIS OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OBJECTS

Tuychiev Alisher Zhuraevich; Rizaev Nurbek Kadirovich; Abdusalomova Nodira Bahodirovna; Tashkenbaeva Zarina Ulugbekovna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 1701-1726

Abstract:This article provides information on the impact of the pandemic on intellectual
property and its consequences, the activities of companies providing intellectual property
services in the context of the pandemic, the intellectual ecosystem.Also, this article is devoted
to the consideration of issues related to the creation of the intellectual property ecosystem
throughout the world, research and experimental developments, R&D expenses, as well as
accounting and assessment of inovation products. In the context of global globalization,
intellectual property objects are crucial in assessing the property of enterprises. However, the
methodology of analysis of intangible assets has not been comprehensivelypresented in
scientific works, therefore, this article developed a methodology for the analysis of intangible
assets, in particular the analysis of intellectual property.