Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : morbidity


Assessment Of Risk Factors For The Development Of Allergic Diseases In Children

Nurmamatova Kurbonoy Choriyevna; Abdashimov Zafar Bahtiyarovich; Karimova Mukhabat Umarovna; Stojarova Nelli Kamilovna; Tangirov Abdixoliq Lolayevich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 319-329

Allergy is a pathology of countries with a high index of socio-economic development and most of all residents of large cities. By 2025, according to the WHO, 50% of the world's population will suffer from allergies [14]. This article examines the main risk factors for the development of allergic diseases in children under the age of 18 in Tashkent. The most significant factors were: the presence of an inherited predisposition on the line of one (RCh 1.9) or both parents (OR 5.6), closely related marriages between parents (RCh 2.8), the age of parents over 40 at the time of conception of the child (RCh 1.4) and some others.

DYNAMIC HEALTH SURVEILLANCE ANALYSIS OF THE EMPLOYEES OF THE KIRGULIA INDUSTRIAL ZONE

Adilov U.H .; Khashirbaeva D.M .; Voronina N.V .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2292-2306

Abstract. The scientific work presents the results of dynamic research to study the structure,
level and dynamics of the general, professionally conditioned and professional morbidity of
employees of SE “Ferghana Oil Refinery”, SE “Ferghana Heat and Power Plant” and JSC
“Ferghanaazot”, which are part of the Kyrgyz Industrial Zone of the Ferghana region for 5
years (2010-2014). The main professional qualification groups working at the enterprises
under research at the age of 19 to 40 years with the work experience from 1 to 20 years were
surveyed. 6000 man-days of working observations were made. High morbidity rates were
revealed among the employees of Ferghana Oil Refinery and JSC “Ferghanaazot” in the
groups with the experience of up to 5 years and 11-20 years. The analysis of morbidity rate
among age groups of workers showed high indices at the age above 35 years. In the structure
of morbidity for the period of 2010-2014, the first leading places were occupied by diseases of
respiratory organs, then by diseases of circulatory and digestive organs, traumas and
poisoning, then by diseases of the nervous system, skin and subcutaneous tissue. High
respiratory diseases are associated with long-term exposure to occupational risk factors, where
chemical contamination is the most dangerous.

INSTRUMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL RISK IN UZBEKISTAN

Adilov Utkir Khalilovich; Kabilova Gulshan Abdurashidovna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2826-2836

The methods of control and assessment of professional risk applied in
the republic do not include the method of assessment of the degree of impact
of harmful and dangerous factors of working conditions on specific
employees, as well as the analysis of actual loss of working capacity of
employees after long periods of labor activity. As a result of incorrectly
chosen assessment methods and methodological approach, working
conditions have a high risk of developing professional and professionally
conditioned morbidity among groups of professions in industries. The purpose
of this work was to determine the improved approaches to professional risk
assessment and instrumental control over their implementation. Assessment
of workers' health indicators depending on working conditions at the
workplace is based on recommendations of the International Labor
Organization. We have developed a package of normative and methodical
documents, including 14 methodical recommendations, as well as Sanitary
Rules and Norms, providing requirements to the hygienic assessment of the
impact of various physical, chemical and biological factors on the health of
workers. Conclusions were made to integrate the characteristics of the factors
of working conditions through the transition from the normalization of
individual parameters of the factors to complex indicators, changing the
methodology of recording the working conditions at the working places to
ensure a comprehensive assessment of all risks in a single procedure and their
systematic monitoring. The use of modern software complexes as part of
special devices for instrumental measurements have a loaded algorithm of
measurements, pre-compiled a special computer program control planning,
which offers the performer an operational hint on the choice of place and
number of measuring points.

HEALTH RISK ANALYSIS OF WORKERS INVOLVED IN COAL MINING IN VARIOUS WAYS

Utkir Adilov

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2271-2281

Abstract. Occupational risks affect the health of miners and up to 40% of labor losses
are caused by diseases directly or indirectly connected with unfavorable working conditions.
The research aimed to determine the degree of connection of the disease incidence by
temporary loss of working capacity of coal mine workers with working conditions, which was
estimated for all classes of diseases and the relative risk (OR) value was 1.69 units, etiological
share (EF) - 41% and was estimated as average. These incidence rates for the disease classes
were almost complete: Class XIII (OR=5.08 units; EF=80%) and Class XIX (OR=5.03 units;
EF=80%), and high for the disease classes: Class XI (OR=2.57 units; EF=61%) and Class X
(OR=2.46 units; EF=59%). This relationship by day was almost complete among: Class X
(OR=6.18 units; EF=100%), Class XI (OR=7.27 units; EF=100%), Class XIII (OR=7.79
units; EF=100%), and Class XIX (OR=17.87 units; EF=100%). Among workers engaged in
underground coal mining, the value of ОR=1.4 units, EF=29.3%, was occasionally observed
and assessed as small. Relationship of the disease to underground working conditions was
assessed as very high by disease classes: Class X (OR=3.6 units; EF=72.1%), Class XI
(OR=3.8 units; EF=73.5%) and Class XIII (OR=4.8 units; EF=79.1%). The disease
relationship by day was almost complete: in Grade XI (OR=5.3 units; EF=100%) and Grade
XIII (OR=8.9 units; EF=100%), and high in Grade X disease (OR=3.0 units; EF=100%). The
risk of eating disorders of workers was identified by class XI disease and was assessed as very
high in cases (OR=3.8 units; EF=73.8%). A high degree of occupational conditionality was
determined for Class XIII disease (OR=2.2 units; EF=55.3%).