Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : professional risk


INSTRUMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL RISK IN UZBEKISTAN

Adilov Utkir Khalilovich; Kabilova Gulshan Abdurashidovna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2826-2836

The methods of control and assessment of professional risk applied in
the republic do not include the method of assessment of the degree of impact
of harmful and dangerous factors of working conditions on specific
employees, as well as the analysis of actual loss of working capacity of
employees after long periods of labor activity. As a result of incorrectly
chosen assessment methods and methodological approach, working
conditions have a high risk of developing professional and professionally
conditioned morbidity among groups of professions in industries. The purpose
of this work was to determine the improved approaches to professional risk
assessment and instrumental control over their implementation. Assessment
of workers' health indicators depending on working conditions at the
workplace is based on recommendations of the International Labor
Organization. We have developed a package of normative and methodical
documents, including 14 methodical recommendations, as well as Sanitary
Rules and Norms, providing requirements to the hygienic assessment of the
impact of various physical, chemical and biological factors on the health of
workers. Conclusions were made to integrate the characteristics of the factors
of working conditions through the transition from the normalization of
individual parameters of the factors to complex indicators, changing the
methodology of recording the working conditions at the working places to
ensure a comprehensive assessment of all risks in a single procedure and their
systematic monitoring. The use of modern software complexes as part of
special devices for instrumental measurements have a loaded algorithm of
measurements, pre-compiled a special computer program control planning,
which offers the performer an operational hint on the choice of place and
number of measuring points.

HYGIENIC ASSESSMENT OF WORKING CONDITIONS AND HEALTH CONDITION OF THE OIL REFINERY PLANT WORKERS

Adilov U.H .; Khashirbaeva D.M .; Voronina N.V .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 2871-2879

This work aimed to identify harmful factors in the production environment, identify risk
factors, and assess their impact on the health of workers of the Ferghana Oil Refinery Plant. The
research was conducted in 2010-2014 at the Fergana Oil Refinery. Sanitary and hygienic, labouratory,
calculation and statistical methods of research were used to achieve the goal. The research results
showed that the activity of professional groups of the main production shops of the refinery is
accompanied by an unfavourable impact of a complex of factors of the production environment and
labour process. The workplaces of these categories of specialists correspond to the general class of
working conditions according to the hygienic classification - 3 class 1, 2, 3 and 4 degrees (3.1, 3.2,
3.3, and 3.4), where the high level of gas pollution, industrial noise and vibration, the severity of the
labour process is observed. The technological cycle of production, consisting of sequential production
operations, based on a multistage chain of chemical reactions, allowed identifying one of the leading
harmful production factors - chemical. The composition of chemical pollutants of the working zone
included a wide range of gases and chemical substances: carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, hydrogen
sulfide, chlorine, toluene, benzene, acetone, hydrocarbons, kerosene, mineral oils, phenol, sulphur oil,
gasoline, methylethyl ketone, diesel fuel. Thus, based on the obtained research results, the nature and
intensity of unfavorable production factors have been revealed, the level of professional risk for the
employees' health has been assessed, the risk factors determining the employees' professional health
have been identified, the priorities in implementation of preventive measures at the enterprise have
been determined.