Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : epizootology

Improving the epidemiology, epizootology, and prevention of echinococcosis in Uzbekistan

Sh.M. Rasulov; G.S. Matnazarova; A. Mirtazayev; N.T. Xamzayeva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3029-3052

Echinococcus (Echinococcus granulosus) is a parasitic disease
that occurs in some mammals and humans, is transmitted orally, infects human
parenchymal organs (liver, lungs, spleen, and various other organs), and is
chronic, causing echinococcal vomiting. The Republic of Uzbekistan is an
endemic area for echinococcosis. According to official data, the damage rate is
6-9 people per 100,000 population. The number of surgeries performed
annually due to echinococcosis ranges from 1,000 to 1,500. The article
provides an analysis of the prevalence of echinococcosis among humans and
animals, the long-term (1994-2019) dynamics of echinococcosis among the
population of the Republic of Uzbekistan, routes of transmission, infectious
factors, epidemiological and epizootiological features.

Schistosomiasis Of Animals In Uzbekistan

Djalaliddin Azimovich Azimov; Bakhromjon Turaevich Norkobilov; Firuza Djalaliddinovna Akramova; Ulugbek Abdulakimovich Shakarbaev; Adolat Usmoboyevna Mirzayeva; Laylo Abdurakhmanovna Rakhmanova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3401-3408

The work specifies the current distribution of Schistosoma turkestanicum Skrjabin, 1913 causing schistosomiasis in the animals of Uzbekistan. Populations of mature blood flukes were recorded in 14 mammal species. Three of these species – Hare, Goitered Gazelle and Bukhara Red Deer – were for the first time identified as definitive hosts for the blood flukes in question. Persistent foci of schistosomiasis of animals were identified in the Aral Sea area. Recorded prevalence: cattle – 55.5%, sheep – 33.0%, goats – 15.5%, camels – 10.2% and horses – 21.5%.