Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Subjective happiness


Effect of perceived stress on psychological well-being of health care workers during COVID 19: mediating role of subjective happiness

Vaishali Dhingra; Manish Dhingra

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3683-3701

The pandemic has taken a toll on the mental health of people especially health care workers
like physicians, nurses and paramedical staff who have to work for long hours, in shifts and
under immense stressful situations. There is ample literature available on the effect of stress
on psychological wellbeing. The aim of this research paper is to find out the mediation effect
of subjective happiness on the relationship between perceived stress and psychological wellbeing
of health care workers who are engaged in COVID-19 hospital duties. The sample
included 231 physicians and healthcare workers engaged in duties in two major COVID-19
medical college hospitals of Northern India. The results prove that there is a significant effect
of perceived stress on psychological well- being with subjective happiness playing a
mediating role. Perceived stress decreases subjective happiness which in turn affects
psychological wellbeing of physicians and health care workers during COVID-19. Higher
the level of subjective happiness, lesser will be the impact or there will be delayed impact of
perceived stress on psychological wellbeing. Psychological Well Being (PWB) Scale (Ryff,
1989), Subjective Happiness Scale (Lyubomirsky & Lepper, 1999) and Perceived Stress
Scale (Cohen, 1994) were used to examine the mediation of subjective happiness on the
relationship between perceived stress and psychological wellbeing.