Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Bar-On


Odukoya, J. A .; Omonijo, D. O .; Oraetue, H. N .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3779-3789

Aim: This study is a review of three of the most notable theories of emotional intelligence [EI]: The
Bar-On’s model, the Mayer-Salovey’s Model and Goleman’s model. The core research questions are:
Which of the three theories of EI is most focused on the construct of emotion and emotional
intelligence? What are the gaps in the three EI models? Method: The documentary analysis design,
as proposed by Bowen (2009), was adopted in this exercise. Results: Out of the three theories of EI
reviewed, only the Mayer-Salovey model used the cognitive ability test format. The other two used the
self-report format; Furthermore, only the Mayer-Salovey model tends to be more focused on emotion,
though the measurement technique was cognitive mode. The other two models tend to further measure
social and personality domains. Conclusion: In conclusion, the need for more standardized measures
of EI with a focus on emotion was reiterated. There is also need for an adoption of battery of
assessment tools [self-report, gaming technique, covert observation with anecdotal records] to
measure EI. Finally, there is need to place more emphasis on measuring the degree and scope of
emotional hijacks in people, as a more valid indicator of emotional intelligence. Ability to control
emotional hijacks is far more important than recognition and control of emotions in self and in people
around us, though these are also needful.