Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : sodium


Assessment of electrolytes by point-of-care testing

Dr. Shubha Singhai, Dr. Promise Jain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 2210-2214

Background: Electrolyte abnormalities can precipitate life-threatening events. In such situations, rapid and accurate assessment of electrolyte abnormalities may enable the institution of focused therapies. The present study was conducted to determine efficacy of electrolytes assessed by point-of-care testing.
Materials & Methods: 60 patients of both genders were selected and from each patient, paired sample of arterial blood and venous blood were collected at the same time. Whole blood electrolytes were analyzed using a point-of-care blood gas analyzer and serum electrolytes were analyzed in the central laboratory.
Results: Out of 60 patients, males were 35 and females were 25. ElectrolytesABG value (mmol/L) and serum value (mmol/L) of Sodium < 130 was 127.6 and 129.3, sodium 130–145 was 134.2 and 138.5 and sodium > 145 was 150.7 and 149.3, potassium < 3 was 1.8 and 2.5, potassium 3-4 was 3.5 and 3.8, potassium >4 was 4.6 and 4.8 and potassium >5 was 6.7 and 6.0 respectively. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Practitioners should be aware of the difference between whole blood and serum electrolytes, particularly when urgent samples are tested at point of care and routine follow-up electrolytes are sent to the central laboratory

PERCEPTION AMONG GENERAL PUBLIC ABOUT CONSTITUENTS AND USAGE OF SOAPS AND SANITIZERS

Akash .; Lakshminarayanan Arivarasu; Jayalakshmi Somasundaram

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1724-1733

Soaps and sanitizers are the materials used for hand sanitation. The perception of the general public regarding the difference between the constituents of soaps and sanitizers has been evaluated in this survey. Soaps are sodium or potassium fatty acids whereas sanitizers are chemically based hand sanitation methods. These alcohol based hand sanitizers work against a wide spread variety of microorganisms but not spores.compounds such as glycerol may be added to prevent drying of the skin. Aloe vera gel has a greater impact on reducing skin dryness problems. This research is a cross-sectional study, clearly scientific investigation which was held in 2020 among the people of chennai to create awareness on the constituents between the soaps and sanitizers. 80% of the people know the constituents of the soap and sanitizers. 39% of the people are aware of the working of the soap. By the survey we can conclude the people are aware of the constituents of soap and sanitizers.