Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : orthopantomograph


Establishment of sexual dimorphism of permanent maxillary canine teeth in Rajasthan population by orthopantomographic study

Suresh Sharma, Vipin Kumar Sharma, Sachendra Kumar Mittal, UK Gupta

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1261-1265

Background: Teeth and their measurements give the impression to be the most reliable method since teeth prove the most durable and resilient part of the skeleton. Especially Canines are the most durable teeth in the oral cavity due to the labio-lingual thickness of the crown and the root anchorage in the alveolar process of the jaws.
Objective: Establish the sexual dimorphism of permanent maxillary canine teeth in Rajasthan population by Orthopantomographic study
Methodology: 300 patients of 150 male and 150 females was included in the study. Use Measurement like mesiodistal width and intercanine distance in maxillary jaws were established based on radiographic examination with the help of digital Orthopantomograph.
Results: Canine mesiodistal width was higher in male (left: 7.80 ± 0.04 and right: 7.80 ± 0.04) then female (left: 7.54 ± 0.15 and right: 7.53 ± 0.12) p-value = <0.001. Maxillary intercanine distance was 36.45 ± 0.81 for male & 34.76 ± 1.55 for female. On the other hand, maxillary right and left canine index was higher in female than male P-value <0.001.
Conclusion: Maxillary intercanine distance shows maximum sexual dimorphism among all measurements and canine index shows negative sexual dimorphism.

RADIOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF OSSEOUS CHANGES IN ORAL SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA

Abarna jawahar; G.Maragathavalli .; Manjari Chaudhary

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1751-1761

Oral squamous cell carcinoma(OSCC) primarily affects the soft tissues,but involvement of jaw bones is seen in about 12–56% of patients.In these cases,radiographic analysis is essential inorder to observe the pattern of bone involvement.A retrospective study was conducted on patients who visited the department of oral medicine from march 2019 to march 2020.The clinical findings,histopathological diagnosis of OSCC patients who showed bone involvement in the digital panoramic radiographs were reviewed from electronic database.Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the radiographic findings.We observed that the majority of patients presenting with oral squamous cell carcinoma involving the jaw bone belonged to the age group 40-50 years with male predilection(76.9%).Mandible was most commonly involved with the right posterior alveolar region being the most commonly affected site.The radiographic changes observed predominantly in the lesions were smooth borders(53.85%) with an altered trabecular pattern (46.15%).The effect of the lesion
on the surrounding structures were spiked root appearance in 84.62% and floating tooth appearance in 69.23% of cases.Presence of saucerization was seen in 76.92%.Hence digital panoramic radiographs are valuable aids in diagnosing the involvement of jaw bones in oral malignancy and thereby help in devising the treatment plan.