Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Ethnicity

Ethnicity And Its Issues And Perspectives: A Critical Study

Sanjay Kumar; Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6132-6136

Ethnicity is a complex phenomenon. It is a highly controversial, disputable, problematic term that does not have any fixed meaning and is used as a less emotive term for a race. Ethnicity is a social construct like race, but the main difference is that race refers to phenotypical differences, whereas ethnicity refers to cultural differences. Ethnicity helps an individual to identify with a larger group, and one’s ethnicity may identify an individual. Too many writers like Max Weber, Michael Brown, Wsevolod Isajiw, etc. have discussed many features to define 'ethnicity.' To explain and outline an apparent meaning for ethnicity, authors like Fredrik Barth, Abner Cohen, Michael Hechter, etc. have postulated different approaches such as primordialism, instrumentalism, materialism and constructivism. Robert E. Park has contributed to the theory of ethnicity by focusing on assimilation theory. Authors like Omi and Vinant have openly opposed this theory and considered the immigrant as the basis of ethnicity. The chief motive of this paper is to discuss the shifting meanings of ethnicity and to depict the purpose behind the divisions based on ethnicity.

Empirical Study Of Uzbek National Autostereotypes And Heterostereotypes

Nishanova Zamira Taskarayevna; Rahimova Iroda G’iyosjonovna; Parpiyva Shakhnoza Abdullayevna; Nishanov Sarvar Yuldibayevich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 573-582

Maqolada o’zbek milliy avtostereotiplari va geterostereteotiplarini ermpirik o’rganish natijalari miqdor va psixologik jihatdan tahlil qilingan. Kalit so‘zlar: o‘zbek, milliy, avtostereotip, geterostereteotip, etnik, mansublik, kognitiv component, affektiv component. Annotation: The article analyzes the results of the empirical study of Uzbek national autostereotypes and heterostereotypes in quantitative and psychological terms.


Anubhav Das; Ravindra Kumar Jain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1851-1857

The dental arch form is defined as the shape formed by the configuration of the bony ridge of the jaw. Arch form dimension and variations have been studied by several authors. Consideration of the arch form is of utmost importance, because it is crucial that the arch form should be examined before starting upon the treatment as this gives valuable information about the position into which teeth can be moved if they are to be stable following treatment. Different methods have been developed to describe the dental arch morphology ranging from simple classification of arch shape through combinations of linear dimensions to complex mathematical equations.This study is a cross sectional retrospective study which has been undertaken in a university setting. Case records of 300 class II division 1 malocclusion patients in the age group of 12- 40years were included for the study and an analysis was done on different dental arch forms prevalent in class II division 1 malocclusion. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed for association of arch form with gender, age group of the included records in SPSS software by IBM. Chi- square test was performed,frequency distribution was performed. No significant statistical association between gender and arch form , age group and arch form in class II div 1 malocclusion was seen.