Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : ethnicity

Demographic profile of patients with acute pancreatitis presenting to department of surgery, jorhat medical college: A clinical study

Richard Barla, MJ Gohain, Nilutpal Bora, NN Ganguly, AC Baro

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1998-2007

Background: Acute Pancreatitis is a major health problem with significant morbidity and mortality. There is large geographical variability in incidence, disease severity and outcome with data related to prevalence rate lacking in our region. Present study is aimed to observe its demographic variability around the Jorhat Medical College.
Methods: First consecutive 50 cases of acute pancreatitis presented in the Jorhat Medical College during the study period from June 2020 to May 2021 were included in the study; data collected, systematically analyzed and statistically reviewed.
Results: Of the 50 cases, 33 (60%) were male while 17 (34%) were female. The mean age of the study sample is 37.04±13.52 (SD) years, ranging from 15 – 75 years. Majority of the patients are between 15-35 years. In 50% cases, alcohol is the most common aetiology followed by gallstones (36%), idiopathic in 10% cases. Alcohol is the most common aetiology among male and 15-35 years age group while gallstone is most common cause in females and 35-55 years age group. Among 50 cases, 41 (82%) are mild acute pancreatitis and 9 (18%) have severe acute pancreatitis. Majority of severe acute pancreatitis cases are male and alcoholic. Of 50 cases, among Hindus (n= 47) ethnic Assamese are 54%, Tea tribe 20%, Mising 10%, UP 6%, Bengali 4%, while Muslim 4% and Christian 2%. Gallstone is most common cause among ethnic Assamese and alcohol is the common cause in Tea tribe and Mising. Geographical distributions of the cases are as follows: Jorhat district 50% (n=25), Golaghat 32% (n= 16), Majuli 14% (n= 7) and Sivasagar 4% (n=2).
Conclusion: Acute pancreatitis is more common among male than female. Assamese are the most commonly affected ethnic group, gallstone being the most common cause among them. Alcohol is the most common aetiology in Tea tribes and Mising community. Male and alcoholics are more prone to severe acute pancreatitis. The incidence of acute pancreatitis is more in younger population 15-35 years and alcohol is the most common cause in this age group. Most of the cases are from Jorhat district followed by Golaghat, Majuli and Sivasagar.

Empirical Study Of Uzbek National Autostereotypes And Heterostereotypes

Nishanova Zamira Taskarayevna; Rahimova Iroda G’iyosjonovna; Parpiyva Shakhnoza Abdullayevna; Nishanov Sarvar Yuldibayevich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 573-582

Maqolada o’zbek milliy avtostereotiplari va geterostereteotiplarini ermpirik o’rganish natijalari miqdor va psixologik jihatdan tahlil qilingan. Kalit so‘zlar: o‘zbek, milliy, avtostereotip, geterostereteotip, etnik, mansublik, kognitiv component, affektiv component. Annotation: The article analyzes the results of the empirical study of Uzbek national autostereotypes and heterostereotypes in quantitative and psychological terms.

Ethnicity And Its Issues And Perspectives: A Critical Study

Sanjay Kumar; Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6132-6136

Ethnicity is a complex phenomenon. It is a highly controversial, disputable, problematic term that does not have any fixed meaning and is used as a less emotive term for a race. Ethnicity is a social construct like race, but the main difference is that race refers to phenotypical differences, whereas ethnicity refers to cultural differences. Ethnicity helps an individual to identify with a larger group, and one’s ethnicity may identify an individual. Too many writers like Max Weber, Michael Brown, Wsevolod Isajiw, etc. have discussed many features to define 'ethnicity.' To explain and outline an apparent meaning for ethnicity, authors like Fredrik Barth, Abner Cohen, Michael Hechter, etc. have postulated different approaches such as primordialism, instrumentalism, materialism and constructivism. Robert E. Park has contributed to the theory of ethnicity by focusing on assimilation theory. Authors like Omi and Vinant have openly opposed this theory and considered the immigrant as the basis of ethnicity. The chief motive of this paper is to discuss the shifting meanings of ethnicity and to depict the purpose behind the divisions based on ethnicity.


Anubhav Das; Ravindra Kumar Jain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1851-1857

The dental arch form is defined as the shape formed by the configuration of the bony ridge of the jaw. Arch form dimension and variations have been studied by several authors. Consideration of the arch form is of utmost importance, because it is crucial that the arch form should be examined before starting upon the treatment as this gives valuable information about the position into which teeth can be moved if they are to be stable following treatment. Different methods have been developed to describe the dental arch morphology ranging from simple classification of arch shape through combinations of linear dimensions to complex mathematical equations.This study is a cross sectional retrospective study which has been undertaken in a university setting. Case records of 300 class II division 1 malocclusion patients in the age group of 12- 40years were included for the study and an analysis was done on different dental arch forms prevalent in class II division 1 malocclusion. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed for association of arch form with gender, age group of the included records in SPSS software by IBM. Chi- square test was performed,frequency distribution was performed. No significant statistical association between gender and arch form , age group and arch form in class II div 1 malocclusion was seen.

Spirit Of Ethnicity In Saul Bellow's Humboldt's Gift

Harikumar Pallathadka

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 4608-4612

The Jewish- American novelist Saul Bellow has written most of his novels full of Jewish
ethnicity, views, and characters. However, he always had an opposing attitude to what he
calls the parochial pigeonholing tendency. Even though he has dealt with specific Jewish
ethnicity, he tries to picture it as emblematic of human beings in general. Bellow has made
a name for himself as a humanistic and ethical writer. Critics have a dispute in their
opinion that "Humboldt's Gift," Saul Bellow wrote the novel in 1975, which received the
Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1976, is a work of Scholenhauerian pessimism that favors
asceticism. There might be ideological controversy among the critics, but the characters of
Humboldt's Gift show the typical way of Jewish life. The metaphysical problem between
life and death, portrayed in the novel, is closely connected to Jewish Philosophy. The
protagonists of Saul Bellow are the epitome of humanitarianism who abide by the qualities
like humanity, dignity, and responsibility. These qualities consist of the optimistic ethical
thoughts which are evolved in Jewish ethnicity. Bellow’s characters try to find out the way
to establish the supreme of humanism. This research paper inspects how far this
humanism is interrelated with his Jewish themes and how far his vignette sketches upon
the Jewish heritage.