Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Caries

“Diagnostic Tools For Early Diagnosis Of White Spot Lesions”

Dr. Arisha Izhar; Dr. Panchali Batra; Dr. Sanjay Miglani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 680-695

In the recent years there has been an increase in the development of the newer technological methods to diagnose early demineralized lesion or white spot lesion. The diagnosis of white spot lesion is not always simple and might be subjective to the practitioner. 
Aim: This review aims to present an overview of the various qualitative and quantitative methods of detecting white spot lesion, including the novel technologies
Methodology: The most common method of qualitative assessment includes visual assessment and Photographic examination. Other qualitative methods are Fibre-Optic Trans illumination and digital fibre optic transillumination (FOTI and DiFOTI) and DiagnoCam. The quantitative techniques based on autofluorescence such as Quantitative
light-induced fluorescence (QLF), Light Emitting Diode (LED) fluorescence and Laser fluorescence such as Diagnodent, electronductivity such as Electrical Caries Monitor (ECM) , Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and some emerging technologies are discussed along with their advantages and disadvantages.
Result: These technologies enables the practitioners to diagnose white spot lesion timely so that their progression to fully developed carious lesion can be prevented.
Conclusion: The quantitative methods with suitable levels of sensitivity and specificity should be the preferred method but should be correlated with the qualitative methods to obtain a valid diagnosis.


Giftania Nuri Susilo; Sindy Cornelia Nelwan; Satiti Kuntari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 771-777

Background: Dental caries is a major problem in children’s oral cavity. Beside caries, the prevalence of gingival bleeding in children was also by plaque buildup due to poor oral hygiene. Toddlers are one of the groups most vulnerable to dental and oral diseases because they generally still have behaviors or habits that are less supportive of dental health. Primary teeth are indicators of dental health in preschool children needed to assess the dental health of children. Mother’s education, socio economic, and knowledge is one of the factors that affect health status.Objective: This study aims to determine the relationship of mother’s education and knowledge of the status of caries and periodontal in children aged 3-6 years.Methods: This study used observational analytic with cross-sectional and total sampling conducted in Paud Temoran Village, Sampang with respondents of 50 mothers and their children. WHO and dmft examination sheet to measured child periodontal and caries status. Questionnaire sheet to measured mother’s knowledge. Data analysis used spearman correlation test. Results: Statistical results between the level of education and caries status got a significant correlation, besides the results of statistics on education, knowledge and socioeconomic levels with periodontal status show insignificant correlation.Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between the level of education and caries status while the level of education, knowledge and socioeconomic with periodontal status there is no significant correlation.

Association Of Stress, Peer Pressure And Performance Pressure On Oral Hygiene: An Original Research

Dr.Mathew J Maliyil; Dr. Rohinjeev Ghotra; Dr. Aseem Bhatia; Dr. Preeti Lath; Dr. Nikhitha Raigir; Dr. Kommuri Baji Babu; Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 3155-3160

Aim: Aim of our research was to evaluate the amount of stress as well as performance pressure on the oral hygiene in our study participants.
Methodology: Survey was conducted in 200 patients who had reported to various private clinics over a period of 6 months. Questionnaire was given having 12 questions, which helped us assess their stress levels related to their oral hygiene status. Descriptive analysis was carried out with the data received from the study participants.
Results: Maximum participants had moderate stress levels (47%), whereas around 34 % experienced oral health problems. 67% were conscious about their appearance, and their smile. Only 14 % went for regular dental check-ups, which further shows less awareness for preventive care.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that individuals with greater perceived stress also report poorer oral health. These findings may warrant greater attention be paid to the role of psychological stress in the development of oral disease.

Early Diagnosis And Prevention Of Dentoalveolar Anomalies And Cariogenic Situation In Children Suffering From Diabetes

Kamalova Feruza Rakhmatillaevna; Eshonkulov Golibjon Torakulovich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 2468-2472

We examined 60 children from 5 to 17 years old in the regional endocrinological dispensary in Bukhara in the children's department with diabetes mellitus. The program "Healthy Tooth" was developed according to the following parameters: anamnesis of life, the state of the periodontium, the state of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity, the intensity of the spread of caries, the state of occlusion, the state of hygiene of the oral cavity, the state of the tongue. In all children, we took into account the following survey indicators: blood sugar level, age, hygiene index, PMA index and indices kp, KPU + Kp, KPU. At the same time, a comprehensive study of the oral cavity was carried out, which included the identification of patients' complaints, anamnesis, and a visual examination.


Nur Liyana Hannah Binti Izham Akmal; Ravindra Kumar Jain M.D.S .; Revathi Duraisamy M.D.S .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1952-1963

Malocclusion is one of the common dental problems reported in children that refers to the malalignment of the teeth or improper relationship of the dental arches due to altered developmental systems of the orofacial complex. Several studies have reported on the relationship between malocclusion and dental caries in which the presence of malocclusion such as crowding and spacing may act as predisposing factors in the development of dental caries. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries among 12-16 years old school children with malocclusion. It is a retrospective study conducted by reviewing 86,000 patient case records of the Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India. A total of 313 consecutive case records of patients for a period of June 2019 to March 2020 with signed informed consent were retrieved and analysed. Patient’s name, patient’s identification number (PID), age, gender, malocclusion and dmft score were collected from the patients’ case records. Data collection and analysis were done using the SPSS version 23.0. Descriptive analysis was done for the assessment of age, gender, malocclusion and dental caries. Chi square test was used to evaluate the association of dmft score with malocclusion. A total of 134 children with malocclusion were affected by dental caries (42.81%). The overall dmft score was 1.5. Most of the children present with dental caries were within the 12-14 years age group (60.45%), followed by those within the 15-16 years age group (39.55%). High prevalence of dental caries was seen in males (52.24%) as compared to females (47.76%). Most of the children had Class I malocclusion (70.93%), followed by Class II malocclusion (29.07%). In terms of crowding, mandibular crowding (57.19%) was more common among the children when compared to maxillary crowding (38.98%). There is a statistically significant association between maxillary crowding and dental caries. No association of dental caries with mandibular crowding and dental malocclusion. Within the limits of the present study, dental caries is seen in 134 of the patients with an average dmft score of 1.5. There is a positive association between maxillary crowding and dental caries but no significant association of dental caries with dental malocclusion and mandibular crowding.


B. John Rozar Raj; Samuel Raj Srinivasan; Niveditha. M.S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1926-1932

The term pit and fissure sealant describes the material that is introduced into the occlusal pits and fissure of teeth, thus forming a protective barrier and prevents the development of caries. The aim of the study was to assess the use of pit and fissure sealants in the adult population. This was a retrospective study and records were assessed from patients visiting dental college from June 2019 to March 2020. Data of pit and fissure sealants performed on patients above the age of 18 years was collected. Excel tabulation was done. SPSS was used to analyze the data and summarize the results. In this present study, pit and fissure sealants were used in 4379 adult patients. Pit and fissure sealant was used more between the age group of 18 to 30 years and most commonly in maxillary first molar. Pit and fissure sealant was used more in maxillary arches with the percentage of 55.2%. Distribution of pit and fissure sealant was used more in male patients with a percentage of 55.2%. From the present study, we can conclude that pit and fissure sealant were used more between the age group of 18 to 20 years. And sealant application was more predominant on maxillary first molar compared to other teeth


Bayu Indra Sukmana; Muhammad Hirzi Nugraha; R Harry Setyawardhana; Agung Dwi Wahyu Widodo; Aminuddin Prahatama Putra; Huldani .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 3934-3939

Most of the people living in the wetlands of Maliku District, Pulang Pisau Regency were still use river water to brush their teeth. Based on the content of water chemical parameters, pH, fluorine characteristics of wetland river water were not suitable for brushing teeth, because it can cause caries.: This research were research and Development method. Samples were taken using simple random sampling technique. The population of this study were 22 grade students of SD Tahai Jaya. The number of respondents was 22 students, which were divided into 2 groups, 11 students who brushed their teeth using river water and 11 students who brushed their teeth using water that met the requirements for toothbrushes. Then followed up for 6 months to examine the Caries index. There were significant differences in students who brushed their teeth using river water and clean water. From the research results it can be concluded that there were a significant difference in the caries index of students who brushed their teeth using river water and students who brushed their teeth with clean water.