Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Delayed eruption


PREVALENCE OF MAXILLARY CANINE IMPACTION AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN CLASS I AND AND CLASS II MALOCCLUSION- A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Shalini Sathiyamoorthy; Ravindra Kumar Jain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1964-1969

The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of maxillary canine impaction in Class II Division 1 malocclusion. Impacted teeth are defined as teeth that remain incompletely or completely embedded in the jaw bone or mucosa. The maxillary canine is one of the most important teeth in terms of aesthetic and function. The maxillary canine impaction is more frequent then mandibular canine impaction. After the third molars the maxillary canine are the second most frequently Impacted teeth.This retrospective study was conducted in a university setting. Data was collected from the patients who visited Saveetha Dental College between June 2019 and March 2020. Among 980 patients who had reported for orthodontic treatment and prevalence of maxillary impaction was calculated. From this data 100 case records of class 1 and 100 case records of class 2 malocclusion cases were selected randomly and variables like age, gender, and frequency of maxillary canine impaction were recorded. The prevalence of maxillary canine impaction was 2.4% according to this study. Gender distribution was 41.6%males and 58.4% females. The results of this study showed that Maxillary canine impaction was more prevalent in females when compared to males ( 6.6% : 5.2%). Maxillary canine impaction was higher in class I malocclusion when compared to class II division I (8% : 4%) and with higher prevalence in females with Class I malocclusion.However prevalence of canine impaction was not significantly associated with gender and type of malocclusion