Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : oral surgery


A REVIEW ON USAGE OF LASER IN ORAL SURGERY

Oviya M; Brigit Vaghese Eapen; Dhanraj Ganapathy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 431-440

In this review collected from the literature on usage of laser in oral minor surgery based on a Medline search in the time period between the years: 2008 and 2013, the most current evidence on laser-assisted oral minor surgery is going to be surveyed. Lasers in oral surgery are much useful in almost all surgical procedures in dentistry. More developed and innovative lasers are available in commercial markets. Dentists will be more knowledgeable if they tend to attend seminars regarding lasers to get used to the latest technologies. Laser is a monochromatic, collimated, coherent, and intense beam of light produced by stimulated emission of radiation from a light source. Lasers are classified according to different factors among which is the classification based on laser active medium such as gas, liquid, solid and semiconductor, which identifies and distinguishes the type of emitted laser beam.

ARE ORAL & MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY POST GRADUATES CONFIDENT IN PRACTICING THE FULL SCOPE OF THE SPECIALTY: A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH

Dr. Dinesh Chandra Velaga; Dr Vikram V Khare; Dr. Priyank Rai; Dr. Anooja Lall; Dr. Rahul VC Tiwari; Dr. Vipindas A P

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 7167-7173

Aim: Purpose of the present research was to assess the level of confidence of post graduate students of oral and maxillofacial surgery branch; in practicing to their full potential. Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, all the post graduate students of oral and maxillofacial branch who pursuing their Masters of Dental Surgery in both private or government dental institutions; were included (purposive sampling) in our area. Prestructured questionnaires (10 questions) were distributed to them, the collected data were entered in Microsoft excel 2010, and variables were analysed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test with the help of SPSS 25.0. Results: 60 % of respondents felt that they had more exposure to traumatology (1.12±0.98) as compared to other subspecialties and least in orthognathic surgeries. However, they felt that cosmetic surgery and onco-surgical sub-specialty will have an edge in future practice of OMFS. They felt the need for more training in handling cases of orthognathic surgical procedures (0.98±0.32).

ANAESTHETIC AND PERIOPERATIVE CONSIDERATIONS IN ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY

Dr. Chandhini Asokan; Dr. Vijay Ebenezer; Dr. Balakrishnan Ramalingam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1844-1853

Airway management is a significant worry in patients with maxillofacial injury, on the grounds that an undermined airway route may prompt demise. There are numerous alternatives accessible, every one has specific signs. As a rule, endotracheal intubation is normally not a feasible choice, but rather nasotracheal intubation and tracheotomies can be performed. These two techniques are known to have difficulties. Two options that can be picked are the submental and submandibular intubation procedures.

EFFICACY OF HEMOCOAGULASE AS A TOPICAL HEMOSTATIC AGENT AFTER EXTRACTIONS: A REVIEW

Dr. Balakrishnan Ramalingam; Dr. Vijay Ebenezer

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1933-1936

Extractions are the most common surgical procedures carried out and postextraction bleeding is most commonly seen complication. The aim of this review was to determine the effectiveness of topical hemocoagulase as a hemostatic agent and its role in reducing postextraction bleeding and its comparison to routine saline pressure pack after tooth extraction. Various differences was present between the hemostatic agent and saline pressure pack in relation to pain, swelling, wound healing, bleeding time, and other complications. Topical hemocoagulase is effective in reducing bleeding, pain, and swelling after extraction when compared to saline pressure packs. It also act as a promoter of wound healing.

EVALUATION OF ASSOCIATION BETWEEN IMPACTED TEETH AND TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS

Trishala A; M.P.Santhosh Kumar; Arthi B

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1987-1995

Impaction of the third molars has been established as a factor with the potential to damage temporomandibular joints. Furthermore, the trauma resulting from the surgery of third molars has been reported to be a predisposing factor in the progression of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) symptoms. The high frequency of third molar surgery can result in an increased number of patients who suffer from chronic oral and facial pains. Thus, it is important to identify those patients who have pre‐existing pain or any signs of dysfunction in their temporomandibular joints and masticatory structures, prior to third molar surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between impacted teeth and temporomandibular joint disorders. A retrospective study was conducted by reviewing the case records of patients who underwent treatment in Saveetha Dental College and Hospital from June 2019 - March 2020. The study population included 96 patients diagnosed with temporomandibular joint disorders and 98 patients without TMD. Thus the sample size included a total of 194 patients who were evaluated for the presence of impacted teeth. Data was collected and statistical analysis was performed. Microsoft Excel 2016 (Microsoft office 10) data spreadsheet was used to collect data and later exported to SPSS IBM (version 23.0). Descriptive statistics and chi square test were employed with a level of significance set at p<0.05. The most prevalent age group among the patients was 21 - 30 years (34.39%), followed by 31 - 40 years (29.29%). 60.8% were male patients and 39.2% were females. TMD was predominantly present (29.38%) in patients with impacted teeth than in patients without impacted teeth (20.1%) and the results were statistically significant (p=0.003). Within the limits of this study, there is a significant association between the presence of impacted teeth and temporomandibular joint disorders. Therefore, it is important to include an assessment of the temporomandibular apparatus in the pre‐operative evaluation of patients with impacted third molars.