Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : mandibular fractures


Comparisoin of Locking Plates Verses Convensional Mini Plates in Mandibular Fractures

Dr.Kamlesh Kumar Dhruv, Dr. Pradeep Kumar Pande, Dr.Mastan Shaik MDS

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 1276-1279

Background: The objective was the comparison effectiveness and evaluate the
postoperative complications of locking and conventional mini plates in mandibular
trauma.
Materials and Methods: The study group in this investigation consisted of 10 treated
patients who presented to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, St.Joseph
Dental College, Eluru for Open reduction and rigid internal fixation of mandible. The
mean age was 20-30 years, the case of injury and type of injury, since how many days of
injury were evaluated.
Results: Total of 20 patients have met the inclusion criteria in our study there are
changes in pain, swelling, paresthesia , infection of the site of fixation. In locking plates
there is subside of pain and swelling after 3rd week, we found difference between 1st
week, 3rd week and 6th week but pain was present till 6th week in conversional
miniplates Pre-operative swelling was present only in case of non-locking group.
Swelling was present in 60% of non-locking group and 0% in locking group. After one
week swelling was absent in 100% patients at 1rd, 3rd and 6th week. Swelling was
considerably decreased in locking group as compared to the non-locking group.
Conclusion: Our findings in our study conclude that locking plates have enough
stability, good adaptive capacity and withstand the masticatory forces in mandible and
clinical results almost similar to those seen with non-locking plate osteosynthesis.

ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT PATTERNS OF CONDYLAR FRACTURES IN MAXILLOFACIAL TRAUMA

Ramvihari Thota; Senthilnathan Periasamy; Mahathi N

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2003-2009

The present study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the epidemiologic characteristics of the prevalence and types of condylar fractures of the mandible. Details of a total of 21 cases of mandibular condyle fracture were collected out of a total of 86,000 cases from databases of saveetha dental college which were undergone in the period time from June 2019 to March 2020. All these were checked for pattern or type of fracture based on Lindahl’s Classification. Results of this study showed that out of 21 cases of mandibular condyle fracture 19% showed no displacement, 28.6% showed deviation of the condylar segment, 19% showed displacement of fracture segment, 9.5% showed deviation with dislocation and 23.85% showed displacement with dislocation. Also, the study showed a male predilection for the condylar fractures of the mandible. In this study within the limitations, there is significant male predilection and more number of deviation type of condylar fractures of the mandible.