Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Epidemic


Study Of Studies Related To Epidemiology Of COVID-19 And Public Health Risk Mitigation Strategies: A Review

Neha Thakur; Dr. Sakshi Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 4780-4796

The aim of this paper is to study some of widespread infectious epidemic diseases i.e. SARS, MERS and coronavirus which has been impacted global health and economy on vast scale. There are approximately 70,000 coronavirus cases from 2019 (COVID-19) are confirmed, of that over a pair of, 1000 patients are fatal and this disease turned out to be a serious threat to global health. The first approach of this paper is to have in-depth knowledge about the structure of coronavirus, its structural proteins i.e. S protein and their biological activities for the virus have been discussed. The second approach is to focus on different phases of epidemic and response interventions which are mandate to slow down the spread of any disease till its complete elimination this can help to accelerate further work on studies for managing future public health emergencies. Proper and cumulative planning at international/national/community levels and organized strategic preparation for prevention and control of such epidemic diseases is need of the prevailing global risk.

Public opinion on COVID-19 and Ayurveda remedies with reference to Tumkur District, Karnataka State, India.

Mr. Mitta Sekhara Gowd; Dr. D. Venkatrama Raju

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 5598-5607

Covid-19 i.e Corona Virus is well aware to the world every corner. It is pandemic, epidemic. People are panic. Educational Institutes like schools, colleges , roads, businesses, transport, companies almost all closed except necessary things like Medical shops, Vegetables. Changing lock down and sealdown rules by central and state Governments according to the situation in their areas, geographical restrictions, movement restrictions done based on the spread of COVID-19 in that area. Government is order to stay at home safely. This paper tries to assess the level of awareness on COVID-19, its spread, precautions taken by people, social distance and few inputs; by that it is possible to understand the ground realities of people for taking action and making policies and strategies for removal of COVID-19.

A Review of Coronavirus Transmission

Dr. Maheswari K; Dr. Anand V

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 5326-5331

Earlier in December 2019, a novel extreme coronaviral syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Region, China. The World Health Organisation announced the epidemic as an international disaster in public health on 30 January 2020. As of 14 February 2020, there were 49,053 laboratory-confirmed fatalities and 1,381 deaths worldwide. Many governments have become at risk of contracting illness after implementing a series of prevention steps. We performed a literature review of resources accessible to the public to synthesise pathogen and emerging disease awareness. This literature review analyses the causative cause, pathogenesis and immune reactions, epidemiology, detection, care and managing methods for the epidemic, regulating and preventing.

Stability and Numerical Investigation of modified SEIR model with Vaccination and Life-long Immunity

Gurpreet Singh Tuteja

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 3034-3044

In understanding the spread and control of infectious diseases, mathematical modelling has become an important instrument. The epidemic disease COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) has affected the population of almost all the countries. This disease is highly contagious and spreads through one to one contact (physical closeness)[5]. It spreads through the air in the form of tiny droplets transmitted by the breath, cough, sneezing, or even verbal contact of an infected person [19]. Being highly contagious and mortality rate, the number of confirmed cases and deaths are alarmingly rising. By routinely washing hands, keeping unwashed hands away from the face, avoiding public areas, and maintaining social distance, the various strategies to curb the spread include ensuring adequate hygiene. As a consequence, aggressive measures are required to control the spread of infectious diseases, particularly those for which both vaccines and treatments are available. Besides, combating the occurrence of a disease is always easier than treating it. This paper formulates and solves numerically the modified SEIR model with vital dynamics includes an additional compartment called Vaccination with an assumption that the vaccination will provide lifelong immunity. This assumption is feasible as the immunity can be extended through booster vaccinations in due course. The basic reproduction number is calculated and the stability of the model is discussed using the Lyapunov method. The importance of the various epidemiological parameters related to the Vaccination compartment model is discussed numerically also.

KNOWLEDGE, AWARENESS AND IMPACT OF EPIDEMIC OUTBREAK AMONG UNDERGRADUATES

Pinky Ruskin; Venkatesh .; Preetha. S; KeerthiSashank. L

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2107-2117

Extraordinary measures have been taken to control the quick spread of the covid-19. People's adherence to control measures is affected by their knowledge, attitudes and practices towards covid-19 during the rapid rise of outbreak. A self developed online questionnaire was created and was completed by the participants. The questionnaire consisted of 12 questions regarding the knowledge towards covid-19 and also it includes the questions on confidence in winning the battle against covid-19. Most undergraduate students are knowledgeable about covid-19, optimistic attitudes and preventive practices towards covid-19. Health education programs aimed at improving covid-19 knowledge that are helpful for the undergraduates to hold optimistic attitudes and maintain appropriate practices.

ROLE OF TASK FORCE COMMITTEE IN HOSPITAL INFECTION CONTROL DURING EPIDEMICS AND PANDEMICS

Nirubama.K .; A.S.Smiline Girija; Ezhilarasan D

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2021-2029

Pandemics are defined as large- scale outbreaks that can greatly increase mortality and morbidity over a wide geographic area and cause significant economic, political and social disruption due to spread of infectious disease. Risk of pandemic and epidemic conditions have occurred throughout history and appear to be increasing in frequency, particularly because of the increasing emergence of viral disease from animals. Other associated risk factors include older age, longer hospital stays, immunosuppression, frequent encounters with healthcare facilities, mechanical ventilatory support, multiple underlying chronic illnesses, recent invasive procedures, indwelling devices and being in a critical care unit. Management of acute infections transmitted to susceptible patients via cross infections and emergence of antimicrobial- resistant pathogens need attention in a hospital set-up. Task forces committee are organisations of small groups of resources and people brought together to establish a specific objective, to complete the expectation that the group will disband when the objective has been completed. The task force committee is actively involved in resolving issues on hospital acquired infection during pandemic and epidemic outbreak of disease and this review underpins the same.