Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Osseointegration


Photobiomodulation in Management of Periodontitis and Periimplantitis - A Review

Mikkili Rajya Lakshmi; NVS Sruthima G; Gautami S Penmetsa; Ramesh KSV; Mohan Kumar P; Vivek Bypalli

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3109-3118

Photobiomodulation (PBM) also known as low-level laser (or light) (LLLT). Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy has attracted special attention and its applications in dentistry and medicine are continuously growing. Parameters of photobiomodulation, Molecular mechanisms and management of periodontitis and peri-implantitis which includes the healing responses, osseointegration, implant stability were summarized in this review.

PREVALENCE OF DIABETES MELLITUS AND HYPERTENSION AMONG PATIENTS UNDERGOING DENTAL IMPLANT TREATMENT - A HOSPITAL BASED ASSESSMENT

Vaishnavi Devi. B Priya lochana Gajendran Delphine Priscilla Antony. S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 3308-3324

The aim of this study is to retrospectively analyse the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension among patients undergoing  dental implant treatment in a dental hospital. All the patients reported in the month of June 2019 to March 2020 for implant placement was chosen for the study. Implant placement data of patients with diabetes mellitus and hypertension was collected from the dental hospital record system. Result data was tabulated in excel and statistical analysis was done using Statistical Software for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. The non parametric Chi square test was done for statistical analysis. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients undergoing implant placement is 4.2%, hypertension is 2.2% and coexisting diabetes mellitus and hypertension is 1.7% with a higher incidence in the male population and more common in the age group of 40 to 60 years. Knowledge about the prevalence of these conditions will be helpful to the clinician for proper management setup and precise diagnosis before implant therapy can prevent surgical and postoperative complications resulting in long term success of dental implants

Osseo-Densification : A New Method For Bone Preservation

Dr. Kiran Sethiya; Dr. P. V. Dhadse

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 1738-1743

Presently, the replacing of missing tooth via dental implants has become a widespread treatment modality. Dental implants inserted at the posterior region of the maxilla exhibit the lowest success rates as the low density bone in this area often jeopardize rigid fixation of the implant. For long-lasting clinical outcome of implant therapy it is necessary to achieve primary implant stability osseointegration. Other factors, such as bone quality and quantity, surgical techniques are important for achieving primary stability. Maintaining sufficient bone density and bone bulk are also essential factors to achieve bone-to-implant contact for obtaining a biomechanically stable implant. Recently, a new technique is developed which enhances the bone density around dental implants known as Osseodensification (OD), that creates an autograft layer of condensed bone at the periphery of the implant bed by the aid of specially designed burs rotating in a clockwise and anti-clockwise direction. This relatively new concept with universally compatible drills has been proposed to help in better osteotomy preparation, bone densification, and indirect sinus lift and also achieve bone expansion at different sites of varying bone densities. This procedure has also shown improvement in achieving better implant primary stability and better osteotomy than conventional implant drills. Numerous studies have been performed on this new surgical technique. The purpose of this review article is to discuss in detail on OD procedure.

RELATION BETWEEN PRIMARY STABILITY AND BONE DENSITY -A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Thanish Ahamed. S; Subhashree R; Mebin George Mathew

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2023-2032

The use of dental implants has gained immense popularity and inside acceptance. A secure implant primary stability is positively associated with a successful implant integration and long-term successful clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of primary stability in success of dental implants. The present retrospective study was conducted among 1263 patients who had undergone implant therapy in the Department of Implantology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai from June 2019 to March 2020. Data regarding bone type, bone density of the implant site were collected and analysed. In the present study, most of the type of bone density seen commonly was D2 bone and around 42.79% of the patients had D2 type of bone density in the lower posterior region. The next commonly seen bone density was D1 and in the lower posterior and lower anterior region with 8.51% and 2.36% respectively. In association with the gender and the bone density males had more bone density than females. Most of the type of bone density seen was D2 ( 34.12% in males and 30.58% in females, followed by D1 type of bone density ( 6.93% in males and 6.62% in females). Positive correlation was obtained between bone density and primary implant stability. The correlation was found to be statistically significant (p=0.000). The present study showed a strong relationship between bone density and the primary implant stability.