Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : income


Dr. Priyal Raj, Dr. Dhirendra Kumar Singh Dr. Shaniya Afrin, Dr. Sonali Patel, Dr. Saismita Sahoo

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2023, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1219-1228

Aim: The devastating consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak have forced security personnel to alter their methods and behaviors. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge, functioning and future implications  of COVID-19 on the lives of security guards.
Methodology: A cross sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among the 296 security guards of Bhubaneswar city. A 18-item, closed-ended, self-structured questionnaire was designed to gather data. The questionnaire was designed on a 2 point likert scale. Data were analysed using IBM's SPSS version 26.0 for the Social Sciences. The frequency and percentages were used to describe categorical values. Chi-Square test and ANOVA were employed. The level of significance was fixed at 0.05.
Results: The majority of participants were between the ages of 31 and 40 (n=132, 44.6%) and that between 13,000 and 15,000 was the average monthly income for the security guards. All the participants were aware about the COVID -19 pandemic and its affect on human body. Sixty three personnel had been detected positive for COVID-19 and none of them used any preventive measures. About 97% of the guards agreed that the pandemic had an influence on their work. Only 3% of the guards had taken on other jobs as a secondary source of income.
Conclusion: Security guards are an essential group of front-line healthcare providers offering additional services in the management of COVID-19.COVID-19 had a great impact on the economic lives of the security guards.


Nosirov Rashod Adilovich; Yuldashev Bakhtiyar Ergashevich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1388-1395

This article is devoted to the development of the social sphere, which is an important sector of society, and comments on the reforms implemented in Uzbekistan in this area and their results. The article analyzes the results of measures to effectively address the most important tasks of public social policy in the current complex situation and the scale of problems in the field on the basis of statistical data. As a result of the reforms, changes in the living standards of the population, income and unemployment issues, measures to eliminate them, poverty reduction and the work done in the social protection system were also highlighted. At the same time, issues related to education and upbringing, the development of science are presented. The institutional framework for quarantine measures to prevent the spread of coronavirus infection during the COVID-19 pandemic and reforms to support the population are outlined. In addition, strengthening the family, mechanisms for resolving family conflicts, protection of the rights of women and children, the results of health care reforms, as well as cases of requests for medical care and medication by the elderly and people with disabilities, education and upbringing and consistent reforms in the development of science have been considered on the basis of a structural approach.

Employment And Income Generation Opportunities Among Self Help Group Of Krishnagiri District In Tamil Nadu

M Leelavathi; Dr R Murugesan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 1065-1071

Introduction of the research Self-Help Groups is a new method of participation, now the growth of India. Non-Governmental organisations and community development agencies have been working out the possibility for years together in Tamil Nadu. It has found support from the people and the governmental agencies. Objectives of the study to analyse socio-economic information, benefits, employment and income generation of self-help group in Krishnagiri district. The concepts understand through review literature of review five literatures was taken for the study. The study is based on the primary data collected from the self-help group members in Krishnagiri district, Tamil Nadu. The research work was carried out during period of October to November 2019. The most important of this research paper is to analyse the demographic information, benefits, employment and sources of income. The research respondents are selected based on convenience sampling due to availability, and the study was carried on a sample of 184 respondents out of 200 questionnaires were used for data collection. Descriptive analysis and factor analysis is used for data analysis. Finally conclusion of the research there may be enough purpose to be satisfied with the overall status of SHG in rural regions in regards to their family reputation, upbringing of their kids, their schooling, handling household affairs, their finance and different activities. The ladies now have turn out to be more vocal in selecting the SHG is the path of freedom


S. Sushanthi; Sri Sakthi; Arthi Balasubramaniam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 2033-2040

Socioeconomic status (SES) and literacy level is a major determinant of tobacco use but little is known whether SES affects nicotine dependency or not. Socioeconomic status (SES) is strongly related to smoking behaviour. The association is so strong that smoking is regarded as a marker for deprivation and one can identify disadvantaged groups by simply observing their smoking prevalence. The main objective is to examine the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on nicotine dependence. A retrospective study was conducted using case records of patients attending private dental college from July 2019- March 2020 . A total of 201 case sheets of patients who had the habit of tobacco use with recorded nicotine dependence score and their income and educational status were retrieved. The study included two measures of SES - education and income using the Modified Kuppuswamy scale(revised version february 2019). Nicotine dependencies are assessed using Fagerstrom nicotine dependence scale. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test was used to analyze the data. More prevalence of literate participants(78.6%) and middle income smokers(<25000) (43.78%) are more prevalent among the study population . No statistically significant association was found between education and nicotine dependence scale(p = 0.750); income and nicotine dependence ( p=0.432) . Chi-square tests were used for association and descriptive statistics were used. Nicotine dependency shows insignificant variations across different indicators of SES- income and education among patients attending private dental college in Chennai.