Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Consumer protection


MSG: A Miscarriage of Food Innovation

Sheela Jayabalan; Daleleer Kaur Randawar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3875-3884

Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) a food enhancer founded by a Japanese Professor was commercialised and is widely used in the cooking of many dishes.MSG is also used as a food additive in many food products such as chips, sauce and instant soups. Though it enhances the taste of food, people who suffer from food allergy react to MSG when consumed. Studies indicate MSG is toxic to the human body. The bleaching agent is harmful to the stomach mucosa, and intake in high doses leads to elevation of the liver and renal functions. Prolonged consumption can cause reactions such as migraine, fatigue, vertigo, perspiring, tingling and redness. In severe cases, it can also cause cardiac arrhythmia, neuropathy urticaria, asthma, cutaneous allergic reaction, and abdominal disturbance. Despite the severity of allergy reaction and the ill effects to human health, MSG continues to be used as a food enhancer without any inhibitions, especially in Malaysia. The law governing the usage of MSG merely regulates to the extent that it should be mentioned as an ingredient as with any other ingredients in the label of the product. The burden is on the consumer to „find out‟ whether MSG is an ingredient in the food they intend to consume (caveat emptor), and the choice is left to the consumers to face the health hazard of consuming food products with MSG. The fact that MSG is labelled does not protect consumers from the dangers of consuming or using MSG oriented food enhancer such as Ajinomoto. Food enhancers such as MSG should be further regulated and should not be overwhelmed and celebrated as a food innovation. In Pakistan, MSG has been banned because it is deemed hazardous to human health. The inadequate regulatory approach to the usage and consumption of MSG would be a miscarriage of justice if not addressed as it affects the wellbeing and health of the consumer society which includes both adults and children. On the basis of the precautionary principle, Malaysia should pursue preventative measures, i.e. interventions on the consumption, trade and usage of MSG as a food safety measure.

A Jural Study Of Medical Negligence In The Era Of Consumer Protection

Harikumar Pallathadka

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 3129-3146

The field of medicine bridges the fractures between science and society. Due to the growing
commercialization of everything, doctors are no longer concerned with their patients'
health and safety but are just considering them as money-minting machines. As a
consequence, doctors are failing to observe the due caution and standard of care. The law
relating to Medical Negligence is well settled, and a remedy can be sought under Tort,
Criminal, and Civil law. Apart from these, a patient is ipso facto a consumer, and thus a
treatment under the consumer laws can also be sought. This work aims to analyze the
concept of Medical negligence vis-à-vis the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 in its various
dimensions. A patient being a consumer also possesses certain rights. This work also
enumerates certain primary rights that every patient has as a consumer, in the author's
opinion.