Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Goal orientation

Goal Orientation and preferred coaching styles of Malaysian Sport School’s athletes

Nelfianty Mohd Rasyid; Shaharudin Abdul Aziz; Ruaibah Yazani Tengah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 3938-3951

The objective of this study was to identify goal orientation and preferred coaching styles of the young athletes from Malaysian Sports Schools, based on gender differences, age, and type of sport participated. Instruments used in this study were Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ) and the athlete’s preferred version of the Leadership Scale for Sport (LSS). Subject were young athletes from Malaysian Sport School age 13 to 18 years old (N = 854). Descriptive analysis indicated that athletes were more inclined toward Task orientation rather than Ego. Result of t-test revealed significant differences for goal orientation based on gender and age. ANOVA analysis also showed that there are significant differences of goal orientation based on types of sports. Boys were found to be high in both Task and Ego orientation than girls. Younger athletes are more task-oriented as compared to senior athletes. Individual sport athletes were found to be more Ego oriented than team sport athletes. The most preferred coaching styles were Training and Instruction, followed by Democratic, Social Support, and Positive Feedback. Autocratic behaviour was the least preferred coaching style. The results also indicated that there was a significant different in coaching style based on gender and age group. Male athletes preferred more Autocratic and Positive Feedback as compared to female athletes. Senior athletes preferred Training and Instruction and Social Support, while the younger athletes preferred Autocratic coaching style. In conclusion, the results indicates that the authorities involved in the development and planning of the sport programme should know and understand the athletes’ goal orientation and their preferred coaching styles to achieve success.


Ramesh Ram Ramalu; Zulakbal Abd Karim; Gunathevan Elumalai

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 4016-4027

The purpose of this study is to investigate and examine the effectiveness of motivational intervention towards the performance among secondary school football athletes in Malaysia. The instrument that have been used in this study is Task and Ego Orientation in Sports Questionnaire (TEOSQ) from Goal Orientation Theory (Duda & Nicholls, 1992) and Perception of Success Questionnaire (POSQ) from Transtheoretical Model (Roberts, Treasure & Balague, 1998). The sample in this study consists of 36 school boys representing SMK (L) Methodist Kuala Lumpur and SMK Methodist Sentul football players under 15 years. These samples were divided into two groups. They are the control group which consist of 18 players (n=18) from SMK Methodist Sentul and treatment group which consist of 18 players (n=18) from SMK (L) Methodist, Kuala Lumpur. The study design that used is quasi experimental method with the pre and post-test design. The finding of the study shows that there was a significant difference (t=0.004, P<0.05) in football performance between the control and the treatment group after which the treatment group undergone 6 weeks test and observation before the real competition. Prior to this study, the finding of this research give a clear picture to the teachers and coaches to design motivation program into their coaching planning. This intervention will enhance their performance in actual meet.