Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : congenital hearing loss


Correlation between Prenatal, Perinatal, and Postnatal Factors with Congenital Hearing Loss

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2263-2274

Congenital hearing loss can be caused by prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal factors and is difficult to detect. All infants should be screened for hearing loss and intervention should be given as soon as possible to prevent speech and behavior disorders. The study was aimed to examine the correlation between prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal factors with congenital hearing loss in infants. This was an observational analytic research using secondary data from the medical record of infants aged 0-12 months who were screened with otoacoustic emission (OAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) in Audiology Clinic of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital in 2014-2018. Total of 439 infants met the inclusion criteria. Most of them were ≤ 1 months old (46.2%) and male (53.3%). The largest proportion of prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal factors in this study respectively were Toxoplasma, other agents, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes simplex (TORCH) infection (23.2%), low birth weight (67.7%), and febrile convulsion (5.5%). Congenital hearing loss was found in 151 of 439 patients (34.4%). Chi-square test showed a difference between the results of OAE and AABR (p = 0.000). Coefficient contingency test showed a correlation between asphyxia and congenital hearing loss (p = 0.002). Asphyxia as perinatal factor was correlated with congenital hearing loss, whereas prenatal and postnatal factors were not correlated. Using OAE complemented with AABR is recommended in screening for congenital hearing loss.

Congenital hearing loss was not a scary problem: article review.

Arie Ika Wardhana Asnar; Ernawaty .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 527-534

Congenital hearing loss in Indonesia is still not getting optimal treatment. The number of patients from year to year does not get a clear picture and the government program for this problem is still not clearly visible. Patients with hearing loss are a burden of the State response if handled early this problem can show good progress. To Proving that early hearing screening in newborns can reduce complications from congenital hearing loss. Systematic searches were carried out at PubMed, Sciencedirect, ProQuest, Ebsco, and Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed research. The paper used is an original peer-reviewed research article in English that discusses the rehabilitation of children with hearing loss. Papers that meet the criteria are analyzed using PICO. 80% of children with congenital hearing loss identified under the age of 2 years have improved behavior, communication, and knowledge compared to children identified above 2 years. The rehabilitation process for speech ability 83% of children with congenital hearing loss under 2 years have more vocabulary. Rehabilitation costs incurred in children with congenital hearing loss identified >2 years are higher. Early Hearing screening is important to be carried out early on with the aim of preventing speech delay, behavior disorders, and knowledge disturbances

Congenital hearing loss was not a scary problem: article review

Arie Ika Wardhana Asnar; Ernawaty .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 329-336

Congenital hearing loss in Indonesia is still not getting optimal treatment. The number of patients from year to year does not get a clear picture and the government program for this problem is still not clearly visible. Patients with hearing loss are a burden of the State response if handled early this problem can show good progress. To Proving that early hearing screening in newborns can reduce complications from congenital hearing loss. Systematic searches were carried out at PubMed, Sciencedirect, ProQuest, Ebsco, and Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed research. The paper used is an original peer-reviewed research article in English that discusses the rehabilitation of children with hearing loss. Papers that meet the criteria are analyzed using PICO. 80% of children with congenital hearing loss identified under the age of 2 years have improved behavior, communication, and knowledge compared to children identified above 2 years. The rehabilitation process for speech ability 83% of children with congenital hearing loss under 2 years have more vocabulary. Rehabilitation costs incurred in children with congenital hearing loss identified >2 years are higher. Early Hearing screening is important to be carried out early on with the aim of preventing speech delay, behavior disorders, and knowledge disturbances.