Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : reproductive health


Nurse-Led Intervention on Reproductive health among young women in India

Princey Shaji, Dr. Maharaj Singh, RN, BSN, MSN, PhD, Dr. Bharti Sahu, MS, FICOG

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2022, Volume 9, Issue 7, Pages 5664-574

Background
Historically, developed nations with high incomes have had the majority of the world's obese people. In low-income nations, the prevalence of overweight or obesity has recently increased dramatically. Over 30 million people in India are either overweight or obese. Women are more likely to have it than men. This study examines the results for obese women's reproductive health among women. For the investigation of the prevalence of overweight or obesity and its correlation with female reproductive health outcomes, the National Family Health Survey (NFHS), 2005–2006, was used. Overweight/obesity prevalence among women has significantly increased over time. Compared to women with a normal BMI, obese and overweight women had worse outcomes for their reproductive health.
Objectives
The study determined the effectiveness of the Nurse – Led intervention approach to improving the reproductive health in young women from selected rural communities in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
Methods
A quasi-experimental, pre-interventional, and post-interventional control group design study was conducted in selected communities of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. Using a non-probability purposive sample method, young obese women were selected for the study.300 young obese women were chosen, 150 were placed in a research group, and the remaining 150 were placed in a control group. After receiving exercise instruction from an investigator for 30 minutes, three times per week for 24 weeks, participants were urged to carry out the exercises on their own for the following 12 weeks. The researcher developed a meal menu plan with the assistance of a dietitian as a component of the lifestyle change programme. A low-calorie diet plan (often 1200–1500 kcal/d) is advised for young obese women. To make sure that lifestyle adjustments were made on a regular basis, a practice diary was maintained. The subjects were called once every seven days. Young obese women in the control group received five days of lifestyle change package training after the trial, but they did not participate in the program.
Results
After 12, and 24 weeks of the nurse-led intervention, there was a very statistically significant difference (P=0.001) between the study group and the control group. At weeks 12 and 24, the study group's average gain score was high. In comparison to the control group, the study group's total mean gain score was 30 as opposed to 28. The overall mean gain score difference between the study group and the control group throughout all of the nurse-led intervention life was 2. The study group had significant improvements in reproductive health after putting a 24-week lifestyle change programme into practise. Following the implementation of the lifestyle modification package, the women reported no negative side effects

Counselingevaluation of adolescentreproductive health in private junior high school

Indana Tri Rahmawati; Ratna Dwi Wulandari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 434-440

The problem of adolescents should get serious attention and focus on directing adolescents to a more positive direction, which focuses on creating a system to deal with delinquency among adolescents. The type of research used in this research is the evaluation research (evaluation study). The adolescent reproductive health counseling program carried out is one of a series of Field Learning Practice Programs (PBL) conducted by the Department of Public Health, Universitas Negeri Malang. To evaluate the success of this activity, an evaluation was carried out containing the pretest,posttest, and rating questionnaire. The resultsof the evaluation showed that students who studiedhealth increased from an average value of 41.47 to 90 after counseling. Based on the evaluation of the Adolescent Reproductive Health or called ”Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja“(KRR) counseling program through a questionnaire, an average score of 86.79 was obtained, which indicated that the Adolescent Reproductive Health Renewal Programwas given according to a top category. Thus, it can be concluded that supporting good health will increase knowledge about adolescent health

Counselingevaluation of adolescentreproductive health in private junior high school.

Indana Tri Rahmawati; Ratna Dwi Wulandari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 5, Pages 644-650

The problem of adolescents should get serious attention and focus on directing adolescents to a more positive direction, which focuses on creating a system to deal with delinquency among adolescents. The type of research used in this research is the evaluation research (evaluation study). The adolescent reproductive health counseling program carried out is one of a series of Field Learning Practice Programs (PBL) conducted by the Department of Public Health, Universitas Negeri Malang. To evaluate the success of this activity, an evaluation was carried out containing the pretest,posttest, and rating questionnaire. The resultsof the evaluation showed that students who studiedhealth increased from an average value of 41.47 to 90 after counseling. Based on the evaluation of the Adolescent Reproductive Health or called ”Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja“(KRR) counseling program through a questionnaire, an average score of 86.79 was obtained, which indicated that the Adolescent Reproductive Health Renewal Programwas given according to a top category. Thus, it can be concluded that supporting good health will increase knowledge about adolescent health.

Knowledge and Practice on menstrual hygiene among specially abled (Deaf & Dump) adolescent Girls at selected centres in Bhubaneswar, Odisha State -A Pilot Project

Mrs. Serma Subathra Arunachalam; Prof.(Dr).Asha P. Shetty; Ms. Shyama Devi; Mr. Karthick Murugesan; Dr. Shankar Shanmugam Rajendran

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1352-1367

Introduction:
Disabilities are nuanced and multifaceted; 15% of the world's population is disabled and has trouble working. Deaf and dumb cause major lifestyle changes and habits among adolescent girls that lead to physical, psychological, and social adjustment issues. Menstruation is a normal physiological process every teenage girl experiences every month. The ability to manage menstruation hygienically is essential to the dignity and wellbeing of women, which is an integral part of basic hygiene, sanitation and reproductive health services. Objective: To determine the existing knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene among specially abled adolescent girls at selected centres in Bhubaneswar(BBSR). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2020 and November 2020 in Bhubaneswar town of Odisha. Total census sample of 22 deaf and mute adolescent girls from B.B.C Govt High School for the Deaf (Unit III), Bhubaneswar. A questionnaire consisting of three parts namely Part A: Sociodemographic and obstetrical and gynaecological information; Part B: Menstrual hygiene knowledge questionnaire; and Part C: Menstrual hygiene practice checklist. Results:The finding of the study reported that 45.46 per cent had moderately adequate knowledge on menstrual hygiene; 27 per cent of study participants had proportionately inadequate and adequate knowledge of menstrual hygiene, and 86.37 per cent had reported good practice in menstrual hygiene.The Mean and SD of Knowledge score was 37.958 ,Practice was 8.50 and Karl Pearson Correlation (r =0.26, p=0.23) estimated that there was no significant positive fair correlation between knowledge score and practice score. Conclusion: Good menstrual hygiene triggers women's health, trust and self-esteem and is linked to gender equality and fundamental human rights. Setting realistic time-limited targets, including education (Videos and Information Booklets) on hygienic practices followed during menstruation using sign language for deaf and mute adolescent girls, would be a welcome effort to provide basic hygiene and reproductive services to specially-enabled girls and women.

Factors That Affectsexual and Mental Health experienceperinatally-Acquired womenadolescents with HIV

PravatiTripathy .; MadhusmitaNayak .; DebjaniNayak .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1045-1055

The social, cultural and economic realities facing women and men with HIV are defined as well-being, but are challenged as well. Women and men with HIV are responsible for their sexual health with a sexual rights approach. Precise and accessible information is best provided through peer training and health care professionals trained in empathic approaches to sensitive matters to make informed choices and secure, enjoyable sexual relations. Young people living with HIV acquired perinatally require appropriate support in terms of sex and intercourse in advance of adulthood.HIV affects both sexes, but evidence shows that young women are especially vulnerable to sexual abuse and are more susceptible to sexual conduct to satisfy their daily needs of survival. This can lead to poor sexualand reproductive health (SRH). This paper examines young women's sex and relationship experiences with perinatally acquired HIV to learn how they can improve SRH care and related outcomes.A comprehensive case study approach has been implemented, in each case, a young woman (15–19 years), a caregiver and a service provider with perinatally diagnosed HIV